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Chinese Immigrants and Chinese–Australians in NSW


2 New South Wales Pre-Federation Records

Outward letter books (General) 1861–95
Sydney

Recorded by: Collector of Customs, Sydney (CA 785)

This series contains letter books of copies of outgoing correspondence, in chronological order, on a variety of general administrative matters. Letters are addressed to officials in the colonial administration and in London, Collectors of Customs in other colonies and to private companies. Many of the letters are addressed to Chinese immigrants or residents, but some concern policy and procedures relating to immigration.

At the front of each volume is an alphabetical index that gives the subject of the letter or name of the addressee and the corresponding folio (page) number. Some of the indexes are incomplete as letters continued to be sent but were not included in the index.

Volumes 1, 2, 8, 12, 13, 15 and 17 are missing and some of the existing letter books cover only part of the year(s) indicated below.

Series: A1016
Quantity: 0.9 metres
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1861–63 A1016, volume 3
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1861–65 A1016, volume 4
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1866–68 A1016, volume 5
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1868–70 A1016, volume 6
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1871–73 A1016, volume 7
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1876–78 A1016, volume 9
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1878–79 A1016, volume 10
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1879–79 A1016, volume 11
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1883–84 A1016, volume 14
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1886–87 A1016, volume 16
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1888–89 A1016, volume 18
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1889–91 A1016, volume 19
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1891–92 A1016, volume 20
Outwards Customs letter book, general, 1892–95 A1016, volume 21
Outward letter book correspondence with country stations 1864–74
Sydney
Recorded by: Collector of Customs, Sydney (CA 785)
Series: A1017
Quantity: 0.56 metres
This series consists of copies of outward letters, in chronological order, from the Collector of Customs to country Customs stations. Some of the letters relate to the movement of Chinese people across NSW borders. The letters are addressed to Customs officers and sub-collectors throughout NSW (eg, at Albury, Moama, Swan Hill, Corowa, Wentworth, Tocumwal, Howlong, Euston and Wagga Wagga). There is an alphabetical subject index that records the year, the subject of the letter and the page number on which the letter can be found. A1017
Cancelled certificates of naturalisation NSW 1877-96
Canberra
Recorded by: Registrar General's Office (CA 1274)
Series: A806
Quantity: 0.54 metres

This series is held in the National Archives' Canberra office but is included here because it relates only to Chinese immigrants in NSW.

These certificates were issued mainly to Chinese people naturalised in NSW between 1877 and 1896, and were subsequently cancelled by the Commonwealth government.

The Naturalisation Act 1903 provided that persons naturalised in the colonies before the passing of the Act would be deemed naturalised under this Act. It is possible that these certificates were surrendered for Commonwealth naturalisation documentation.

A806
Outward letter books – correspondence with outposts, 1884–1900
Sydney
Recorded by: Collector of Customs, Sydney (CA 785)
Series: A1018
Quantity: 0.62 metres
This series consists of four volumes of outward letter books of correspondence with outposts. The letters are addressed to the Customs sub-collectors, Customs lockers and Customs and preventative officers in the various outposts, sometimes concerning Chinese people arriving in or leaving the area. In all volumes the indexes are alphabetical with the letters arranged chronologically under the name of the outposts receiving the letter. Each page records the year the letter was sent, the subject of the letter and (occasionally) a folio reference. A1018
Outward letter book and record of seizures, 1861–1901
Sydney
Recorded by: 1879–1901 Collector of Customs, Sydney (CA 785)
Series: A1019
Quantity: 0.36 metres
This series consists of an outward letter book dating from 1885 to 1901. The New South Wales' office of the Archives holds a second letter book that covers the years 1879 to 1885 and includes an alphabetical subject and name index at the front, which has a few entries. Seizures of goods were probably related to attempts to avoid payment of duty. Some seizures of opium are recorded, as are seizures of 'Chinese tobacco' and cigars, some associated with Chinese men. A1019
Certificates exempting from the provisions of 'the Influx of Chinese Restriction Act 1881', 1862–88
Sydney
Recorded by: 1884–88 Collector of Customs, Sydney (CA 785)
Series: SP115/10
Quantity: 0.72 metres

These certificates were issued to individuals under the Influx of Chinese Restriction Act, 1881

(NSW). The certificates are arranged in numerical order from 0 to 2 969) and record the name of applicant and date of issue. The recipients signed the certificates, sometimes using Chinese characters. The reverse of the certificate may be signed and annotated with additional details such as age and occupation.

This series includes two Certificates of Residence and four receipts for certificates issued to individuals under the

Chinese Immigration Regulation and Restriction Act 1861

(NSW).

SP115/10
Monthly Statistical Register Of Arrivals And Departures Of Chinese, 1891–97
Sydney
Recorded by: Collector of Customs, Sydney (CA 785)
Series: SP822/11
Quantity: 0.46 metres
This volume is a handwritten monthly account of Chinese arrivals and departures through the Port of Sydney. Details recorded for arrivals include year, date, name of ship, port from, number of passengers ('a' for Sydney, 'b' en route), crew and remarks. Details given for departures include date, name of ship, port (where bound), number of passengers ('a' from Sydney, 'b' original en route) and crew. Arrivals and departures are recorded in chronological order on facing pages of the register. SP822/11
'A Handbook To The Customs Laws And Practice Of New South Wales, 1882'
Sydney
Recorded by: Collector of Customs, Sydney (CA 785)
Series: C4381
Quantity: 0.09 metres

The full title of this publication is A Handbook to the Customs Laws and Practice of New South Wales, comprising the Customs Regulation Act 1879; together with Rules, Regulations, General Management, and Forms thereunder; also Customs Statistics for 1881, with tables and schedules of dutiable articles. Compiled by direction of the Colonial Treasurer.

The contents of the handbook include a list of officers employed in the department and Acts of Parliament relating to Customs, including Acts relating to Chinese immigration.

C4381

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