The Big Brother Movement
The Big Brother Movement was the most successful and enduring of the youth migration organisations. Its genesis appears to have been discussions between certain Australian and British business leaders at the 1923 Wembley exhibition; talks concerned with stimulating youth migration to Australia. Its basic idea was simple enough: each youth emigrating (the 'Little Brother') would be given an adult person in Australia (the 'Big Brother') who would provide encouragement, advice and support during the young migrant's early adjustment period in the new country. In one sense, it was a Victorian response to the Dreadnought Trust, but over time, the Big Brother Movement became better established in New South Wales. Its founder was (Sir) Richard Linton, businessman, philanthropist, freemason and after 1927 a conservative member of the Victorian Parliament. Later he became Victoria's Agent-General in London.
The critical factor limiting youth migration was understandably the natural reluctance of parents to permit the migration of their sons so far from the British Isles when they were so young and inexperienced. The 'Big Brother' provision was intended to respond to parents' fears. However, the British agent in Australia, Bankes Amery, gave an additional and plausible reason for the founding of the Big Brother Movement when he wrote in a memorandum, 2 October 1926:
The basis of the Big Brother Movement was the establishment of a set of conditions that would attract a better class of boy to Australia; a boy who had been brought up in a better class of home and who had up till the moment not been induced to leave Britain in any numbers… The boys whom the Big Brother Movement was out to cater for were the type who obtained Commissions during the war by promotion from the ranks… no previous scheme has been sufficiently attractive to middle-class parents.
The movement was launched in London on 14 July 1925, and much of its appeal would rest on its ability to recruit reliable 'Big Brothers' who would treat their obligations as more than nominal. The Big Brothers were usually recruited from service organisations such as the Royal Agricultural Societies, Rotary, the RSL and the Chambers of Commerce. They were usually city business and professional men and of the same religion as the 'Little Brother' whom they promised to assist. Each undertook no financial or legal responsibility beyond what he would accept voluntarily, but agreed to carry out the following important duties:
- to care for the moral and general welfare of his Little Brother until the latter attained the age of 21 years;
- to meet the Little Brother on arrival, to spend the first day ashore in getting to know him and introducing him to his family and friends; and
- to act as mediator between the Little Brother and his employer, and with the full weight of the movement behind him to further the Little Brother's cause.
The Little Brother was intended to be a physically fit, upright, clean-cut, well-mannered British young man who was determined to work hard on the land in Australia. His application to Australia House was to be accompanied by references as to ability and character from his school, a minister of his church and another leading citizen. He then had to pass the usual medical checks at Australia House and, if accepted, was granted an assisted passage to Australia. Before sailing, the Little Brother signed a statement containing the following undertakings:
- to follow the advice of his Big Brother;
- not to leave the employer to whom he was allotted without his Big Brother's permission;
- to consult his Big Brother, or the Headquarters of the Movement, if in trouble;
- not to drink spirits or gamble;
- to open an account at a Savings Bank and to save at least half his wages;
- to write to his parents and to his Big Brother at least once a month;
- to resign immediately from the Movement if he left the land and took up other employment;
- to be prepared, if necessary, to accept a position in any state of the Commonwealth;
- to subscribe 12 shillings per year to a welfare fund.
These conditions, voluntarily accepted, enshrined middle-class virtues of sobriety, thrift and respect for social superiors and were intended to appeal to middle-class parents. The conditions were not legally binding.
As with all human endeavour, theory is one thing; practice another. Such was the case, naturally, with the Big Brother Movement. Its leaders wished to recruit immigrants from a social class which did not usually migrate, and to an extent did so. Of the first 1 515 Little Brothers brought to Australia (1926–29), 121 had attended a Public School and some 914 of the remainder had some secondary education, when 'secondary education' was 'middle-class education'. However, there was a tendency in Big Brother circles to exaggerate the social standing of its recruits, while its leaders railed in private that Australia House was sending them boys who could not reasonably be admitted to the houses of their Big Brothers. On the other hand, many Dreadnought boys, when offered the chance to come under Big Brother auspices readily did so: a 'Big Brother' was no load to carry!
It was natural that Big Brothers varied widely in the degree of support they could offer their proteges, and the degree of interest they brought to their responsibilities. The Big Brother was a city businessman or lived in a provincial city; the Little Brother was often stationed on a remote rural property. In this situation their chances of meeting were rare and the provision that the young man would write to his mentor once a month had an element of make-believe. During the Depression many Big Brothers were in financial difficulties and their Little Brothers could not be further from their minds. During the 1930s, some 350 'Little Brothers' returned to Britain.
The movement received financial support from governments at various times over the next half-century to assist with office expenses, capital works and after-care. The Big Brother Movement had an office in Australia House in London, and was treated with consideration out of proportion to the number of young men recruited. It was lauded in many files as the ideal form of migration. When depression came and its activities were curtailed, depleted office staff did their best to see that Little Brothers were kept in employment, when so many in the community were unemployed. The offices in London, Sydney and Melbourne treated the Little Brothers as members.
In 1937, when assisted migration resumed, some young men came to New South Wales and Victoria under the auspices of the Big Brother Movement but the outbreak of war terminated immigration, though again staff tried to maintain after-care for those who had arrived recently. However, the strains of financial stringency, depression and war proved too much for the Victorian organisation and its affairs were wound up in 1941, the remaining assets being given to the Boy Scout Association of Victoria.
In 1947, the Big Brother Movement, NSW, resumed its activities and in some ways, the 1950s and 1960s were its halcyon years: as many as 400–500 youths a year arrived in Australia under its auspices during that time. The buoyant Australian economy encouraged immigration, and the movement accepted that not all its proteges were suitable for rural employment, so ordinary city positions were a possibility. A small Tasmanian branch was opened, taking young men only for rural employment.
Since the Big Brother Movement did not recruit school-age underprivileged children, it was not plagued by the controversy over child migration. However, the end of the 'white Australia' policy in 1966, the election of a Labor government in 1972, and the termination of preference for British immigrants in Australia's immigration policy which followed, all made its privileged position at Australia House and in official rhetoric an anachronism. Gradually the Big Brother Movement ceased to recruit young British migrants and was transformed into a service organisation with a social club role.
There is massive coverage of all phases of the activities of the Big Brother Movement, and the voluminous material could be of interest to academic historians, former 'boys' brought out by the movement and to family historians.
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1903–38|
Quantity: 337.14 metres
Recorded by: 1928–32: Department of Home Affairs [II] (CA 24)
|'New Australian', Big Brother Magazine, 1929 [44 pages]
This contains correspondence relating to the Big Brother Movement publication The New Australian and publicity material by the Salvation Army.
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, CLASS 5 (BRITISH MIGRANTS), 1920–57|
Quantity: 5.04 metres
Recorded by: 1945: Department of the Interior (CA 31)
|Big Brother Movement Victoria – Question of Governmental financial assistance, 1934–41 [333 pages]
This file relates to the question of subsidies (from the Commonwealth and British Governments, and for a limited period, the Victorian Government) to the Big Brother Movement (established in Victoria in 1925), between 1934 until World War II. During most of the thirties, the Big Brother Movement was concerned solely with after-care. The file has implications for the whole question of financial assistance to voluntary migration organisations in the depressed 1930s. Some history of the Big Brother Movement and its activities are included, together with the 1935 Annual Report, press cuttings, and conditions for the reintroduction of assisted migration from 1936 and for Little Brothers in the late 1930s. Minutes of a Council Meeting in 1941 record the disbanding of the Victorian branch and the passing of its remaining funds to the Boy Scout Association.
|Big Brother Scheme, 1926 [c.50 pages]
There are details of its launch at the Millions Club in April 1925, aims and outline of the scheme, activities of the London committee, press cuttings, a large poster, progress reports on the Movement, application forms, booklets, pamphlets, relations with the New Settlers League, the Ugly Men's Association, and the Dreadnought Scheme, notes from a NSL Conference in 1924; an extract from Hansard of a speech by the Minister for Lands regarding group settlement and migration generally, draft pamphlets, notes and background information on assisted migration for use by the founder, Richard Linton, and members of parliament, G F Pearce and E R Farrar in 1925. Minutes and notes of meetings, conferences and deputations, letters of introduction for Linton, and correspondence with Prime Ministers W M Hughes and S M Bruce, the Commonwealth Immigration Office and the Development and Migration Commission regarding nominations and requisitions, reception of boys, training farms, after-care, and accommodation at Australia House are also included. Concern was expressed at the Migration and Settlement Office over possible competition with state schemes sponsoring boys owing to the guarantee of parental guidance. The question of financial assistance was also raised.
|Little Brothers Meetings – Reports – Newscuttings, etc, 1929–30||A436, 1945/5/2218|
|Big Brother (Association) London Organisation, 1927 [19 pages]
This relates to accommodation for the Committee of the Big Brother Movement at Australia House. It includes notes of a meeting of the Committee with the Development and Migration Commission on the work of the Movement.
|Big Brother Requisitions, 1927 [8 pages]
This includes correspondence between the Big Brother Movement and the Development and Migration Commission regarding requisitions for 1927 and the prospects of securing a training farm.
|Big Brother Association, 1927. General File [113 pages]
This contains an extract on the Big Brother Movement from the Migration and Settlement Office Monthly Report on Australian migration activities in Britain and Ireland, December 1927; some history of the Movement and its relationship with Dreadnought boys; activities of the Committee in London; notes of meetings with the Development and Migration Commission; the Annual Report of 1927; press cuttings; the impressions of Reg C Jordan, a pioneer of the Movement; and correspondence on requisitions and the acquisition of a training farm.
|Little Brothers Big Brothers Movement, 1928||A436, 1945/5/2222|
|Big Brothers Association, 1928 General File, 1926–28 [260 pages]
Correspondence relates to the early progress of the Big Brother Movement in Australia. States participating were NSW, Victoria and South Australia. In NSW, however, the boys were all Dreadnought boys who had asked to have Big Brothers. Questions of financial aid were raised with the Oversea Settlement Department and the Development and Migration Commission. Correspondence also covers the selection process, possible cancellation of requisitions of Little Brothers to Victoria in 1928 owing to unemployment, the liability of the London committee, office accommodation in Victoria, and the appointment of a country welfare inspector. Annual Reports for 1927 and 1928, a booklet on the Movement, conference notes and press cuttings are also included.
|Big Brother Movement, 1932–36 [46 pages]
This contains Annual Reports for 1932 and 1936, notes of a committee meeting in 1933, correspondence on the possible sponsorship of English public and secondary school boys to Australia to undertake an agricultural diploma course in Victoria or NSW, a summary of the activities of the Big Brother Movement for 1925–35, the question of Government subsidies in 1935 and 1936, and various press cuttings.
|Big Brother Movement, Victoria, 1937–39 [374 pages]
This relates to Government funding of the Big Brother Movement in Victoria during the late 1930s, particularly the continuation of a subsidy of £500 per annum granted to the Movement in 1936 by the Commonwealth and UK Governments for after-care until migration could be resumed. The file contains correspondence relating to financial matters, a nomination for 60 boys made in October 1937, but left in abeyance owing to financial uncertainty; the Movement's registration as a company in July 1938, and its amalgamation with the Boy Scout Association in 1939. One group of Little Brothers arrived in August 1939 as a result of a revised nomination but further requisitions were cancelled with the outbreak of war. Subsidies were then discontinued.
|Big Brother Movement, 1925–33 [130 pages]
This contains requisitions, requests for an additional photograph for each Little Brother during 1929 and then the notice of a reduction, followed by the cancellation of the quota of boy migrants in 1930 owing to the Depression. It includes some 1925 material, correspondence relating to the financial situation during the early 1930s, minutes of executive committee meetings, annual meetings, reports and balance sheets for 1931 and 1932.
|Big Brother Movement, South Australia, 1927–28 [36 pages]
This relates to the establishment of a division of the Big Brother Movement in South Australia in 1927. Boy migrants were selected through the Big Brother organisation in London in conjunction with the Migration and Settlement Office and a subsidy was payable in 1928. The file includes press extracts, recommendations for the South Australian division and forms prepared in conjunction with the Movement (eg for membership, objects, responsibilities of Big Brothers, etc).
|Big Brother Movement – London Organisation – Financial Arrangements, 1937–40 [53 pages]
This contains a request from the Big Brother Movement for financial assistance for its London office, 1937, and other correspondence with the Department of the Interior on supervision of the boys and landing money. Until the suspended requisitions for 1937 were renewed and active recruiting recommenced, no consideration was given to the requests. Memoranda, notes of meetings and letters on the payment of Government subsidies are included. The subsidies ceased in September 1939.
|Big Brother Movement 1926 General File||A436, 1946/5/6|
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, CLASS 1 (GENERAL PASSPORTS), 1939–70|
Quantity: 101.25 metres
Recorded by: 1939: Department of the Interior [I] (CA 27); 1939–45: Department of the Interior [II] (CA 31)
|Big Brother Movement, Proposed financial arrangements, NSW 1937–40 [388 pages]
This contains details of Government subsidies, expenses, statements of accounts, annual reports, the constitution and many press cuttings concerning the Big Brother Movement.
|Big Brother Movement, NSW nominations, 1938–42 [40 pages]
This contains a list of Little Brothers and the ships on which they arrived; boarding officers' reports of 1939, documents and press cuttings relating to those and other arrivals of Little Brothers and correspondence between the Big Brother Movement and the Department of Labour and Industry, NSW and the Department of the Interior. The documentation concerns the renewal of youth migration in 1938 as the effects of the Depression appeared less acute. NSW hoped to receive 20 Little Brothers per month and these arrivals were to receive three months training at Scheyville before placement on farms. The UK and NSW Governments were to subsidise the Big Brother Movement to the extent of £750 per year or 75% of its expenditure, whichever was the lesser. Of the passage cost, the 'boy' paid £5/10/- and the governments £37 Stg. The file contains a number of personal stories; accounts of illnesses on the journey; boys changing their minds regarding rural employment and the repayment of fares.
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1901–50|
Quantity: 143.82 metres
Recorded by: 1934–50: Prime Minister's Department (CA 12)
|Little Brothers, 1926–30||A461, E349/1/7 part 1|
|Rutherglen training farm for 'Little Brothers', 1926–28 [24 pages]
In September 1926 Victorian Premier, Mr J Allan wrote to the Prime Minister regarding 'a visit of inspection of the Government Viticultural Station and Experimental Farm at Rutherglen by Mr Bankes Amery [the British Immigration Agent in Australia]'. Allan added:
There is a request for sharing of the costs between the three governments who would be involved in the proposed scheme, the Victorian, Australian and British Governments. The request was sent to the Development and Migration Commission (Melbourne) for comment and this reported to the Prime Minister, 7 December 1926 that they 'wished to inspect training schemes in other states before dealing with this question'. Time passed and there was no action. However, almost a year later, an officer from the Commission visited Rutherglen to inspect. It is not clear from the material on this file what happened to the proposal.
|A461, E349/1/7 part 2|
|Big Brothers, 1933–45 [145 pages]
This file contains correspondence and press cuttings relating to continued Government contributions to the Big Brother Movement during the 1930s, the resumption of passage for Little Brothers in 1937 after its cessation in 1930, and subsequent nominations and arrangements for transporting the boys. Information on the history of the Movement can be gleaned from Cabinet memoranda, two annual reports and various letters. Also included is correspondence between the Movement and the Prime Minister regarding the relationship between the Government's extended child migration scheme after World War II and the work of approved voluntary organisations.
|RECORDS RELATING TO THE IMPERIAL CONFERENCE, 1937|
Quantity: 1.26 metres
Recorded by: 1934–50: Prime Minister's Department (CA 12)
|Policy of the United Kingdom Government; Policy of the Commonwealth Government – Statement by the Minister of the Interior; Development and Migration; Farm Schools; The Big Brother Movement, 1935–37||CP4/2, bundle 3/57|
|CORRESPONDENCE RE GENERAL DEPARTMENTAL PROPERTY, 1924–59|
Quantity: 43.77 metres
Recorded by: 1946–52: Property and Survey Branch, NSW (CA 1599); 1952–59: Australian Property Group, NSW (CA 1061)
|Homebush NSW – Advance by Commonwealth Department of Immigration to the Big Brother Movement of NSW, 1951–54||SP857/10, PR/2462|
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, SINGLE NUMBER SERIES WITH 'N' (NEW SOUTH WALES) PREFIX, 1952–77|
Quantity: 38.7 metres
Recorded by: 1952–74: Department of Immigration, NSW Branch (CA 957)
|Big Brother Movement – Nominations claims for equipment allowance, 1950–61||C3939, N1957/75099 part 1|
|Big Brother Movement – Nominations claims for equipment allowance, 1961–67||C3939, N1957/75099 part 2|
|Big Brother Movement – Nominations claims for equipment allowance, 1967–70 [14 pages]
This file deals with the request for, and acceptance of, the equipment allowance for a number of young men arriving in Australia under the auspices of the Big Brother Movement. There is a summary of Big Brother Movement objectives and achievements: c. November 1967: 'Air travel only now, groups of ten'. Since 1925, c. 6 800 Little Brothers have arrived; the Commonwealth and NSW State Governments have provided jointly an interest-free loan of £49,303 towards the establishment of Gunning Lodge at Burwood.
|C3939, N1957/75099 part 3|
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1953–|
Quantity: 3346.4 metres
Recorded by: 1953–74: Department of Immigration (CA 51)
|Big Brother Movement NSW Part 1, 1930–48 [200 pages]
The first item is a copy of the Fourth Annual Report, 1929–30. The Depression is mentioned and it is claimed that 'all the boys have been kept in employment'. There is no further material until February 1938 and this concerns the recommencement of Big Brother Movement activities after the cessation of assisted immigration. Includes a four-page report on the situation of the Victorian Branch, 18 March 1938. Newspaper cuttings about the arrival of 'Little Brothers' and Scheyville camp. Seventy-eight young men arrived before war brought another halt to migration. The boys' problems are mentioned: homesickness, 'extremely youthful outlook'; the fact that they were straight from school and had never worked; no understanding of what they were attempting in Australia; their concerns over family and friends in the UK in view of the outbreak of war. During the war the Big Brother Movement maintained annual reports and plans for re-development of the scheme after the cessation of hostilities:
Captain G S Millar placed a property at Baulkham Hills at the disposal of the Big Brother Movement for the use of unemployed or sick Little Brothers and members on rest and rehabilitation leave. By 1943, an office in central Sydney provided a 'rendezvous' for members when they came to the city. The NSW Branch was the only part of the organisation to survive the war intact. Mr E Marriott, Big Brother Movement Treasurer presented detailed plans, 6 February 1945, for renewal of the movement's activities. The Immigration Department replied mentioning the well-known problems of shipping and the need for a new agreement with the British Government. A tight three-page briefing paper on Big Brother Movement status and activities, dated 12 December 1945, appears at this point, together with much civil service discussion of Big Brother Movement plans. Thereafter the material concludes with the visit of Big Brother Movement leaders, Lord Huntingfield and Colonel Clegg to Australia; the arrival of the first 17 post-war Little Brothers on the Empire Star, 14 August 1947; the purchase of the property for a training farm; and the first wave of tension between the Big Brother Movement and the NSW Child Welfare Department over after-care.
|Big Brother Movement NSW, Part 2, 1949–51 [350 pages]
There is considerable material about the strained relations of the Big Brother Movement with the Child Welfare Department, NSW. Under the 1946 Guardianship of Children Act, the Child Welfare Department had authority to secure the children's welfare. The Big Brother Movement felt that it looked after its own members better than the Child Welfare Department. It wished Child Welfare Department control to be waived or remain nominal. An important sixteen-page document is included: 'Proceedings of a Conference held at the Child Migration Office, Sydney, 15 February 1949' among interested parties. The Government position was that provision of financial assistance necessitated accountability; the British Government expected the Australian Governments to exercise some supervision over the young immigrants; and some Child Welfare Department officers did not think highly of the movement's own inspection arrangements. There is discussion regarding the formation of Big Brother Movement branches in other states.
|Big Brother Movement, NSW Part 3, 1951–53 [200 pages]
Much of the correspondence concerns a Big Brother Movement request for a subsidy from the Commonwealth Government to support its migration work. In spite of its close connections with the new Liberal-Country Party Government and its high reputation, the discussions over subsidy were protracted. In May 1951, the Government agreed to pay £2/10/- per youth landed (up to a maximum of £1,000 per annum), to assist with secretarial expenses and after-care. File includes the report and Balance Sheet for the Year ended 31 December 1949. The Big Brother Movement operated from an office in Australia House, The Strand, London. Meanwhile, Monsignor Crennan heard of the grant to the Big Brother Movement and wanted a similar grant to cover Catholic Church office expenses over child and youth migration activities. Correspondence over this matter ensued. Six Little Brothers who arrived in NSW prior to 1947 had died: there is correspondence over the procedures adopted in these cases, and similar situations which may arise, November 1951. Two youth migrants went before the courts; details of selection arrangements. Purchase of Big Brother Movement Pearse Hill property at Nashville, NSW. Newscuttings – Sydney Morning Herald, 10 November 1952, 1000th 'Little Brother' since the war arrived.
|Big Brother Movement, NSW Part 4, 1953–55 [c.150 pages]
In 1953 Mr F W Mansell (Big Brother Movement, Secretary), wrote to Sir Tasman Heyes noting that problems with the Child Welfare Department, New South Wales were a thing of the past, but inflation was eroding the financial position. The 'equipment allowance' was raised to £5 per youth. Contains a list of Little Brothers arriving on the Orion, 27 February 1953 and numerous other lists of young men arriving under the Movement's auspices. Much correspondence concerned a new crisis with the child welfare departments in NSW and Victoria: the Big Brother Movement commenced placing Little Brothers in Northern Victoria without notifying anyone. Social workers' reports on the boys' progress tended to be positive. Old tensions with child welfare authorities resurfaced; the Big Brother Movement associated 'child welfare authorities' with 'orphans' and 'delinquents', whereas its clientele were the cream of Britain's young men. The actual diversion of some lads to Victorian properties was due to a downturn in employment options in New South Wales. After much discussion, Big Brother Movement agreed to negotiate such matters with the Government departments concerned.
|Big Brother Movement, NSW Part 5, 1956–59 [c.200 pages]
The first correspondence in the file discusses the request of the Victoria League of Victoria for assistance with transport when the League entertains Little Brothers en route through Melbourne. It is agreed eventually that Immigration Department will provide a bus on such occasions. Immigration Department arranges that the Big Brother Movement and its Little Brothers will be exempt from the provisions of the Guardianship Act when each youth turns 18 years of age. The movement negotiates successfully to place some of its young men in Tasmania. Newscuttings and annual reports are included in the file.
|Big Brother Movement New South Wales Part 6, 1960–67 [c.250 pages]
The high status of the Big Brother Movement with the Coalition Government permeates the material. The correspondence deals with cooperation between Fairbridge and the Big Brother Movement in recruiting youth migrants, with the idea that some would be placed in Western Australia. There are newspaper cuttings regarding the arrival of a young peer, Lord Mauchlin (Michael Abney-Hastings), under the scheme, and the arrival around the same time of the 100th postwar party of Little Brothers. There were some problems with the youths' horseplay on the vessels bringing the groups to Australia and difficulties in consistently securing suitable escorts. The suggestion was made to bring the young men in small parties by air from Britain. Inflation continued to place strain on Big Brother Movement operating expenses and so in 1961 the Government paid a special subsidy of £20 for each youth landed, in the vicinity of £8 000 per annum. Further discussion – in the context of the 1961 recession – to place some young men in Western Australia with the support of the Fairbridge Farm School at Pinjarra. There is some correspondence, eventually without result, to revive the Big Brother Movement in Victoria, in which context mention was made that the Boy Scout Association had done some migration work after the war 'but later abandoned their scheme'. In 1962 there was an important discussion concerning further recruitment of 'good type Little Brothers', after 'strict selection standards'. This was the year that the Big Brother Movement extended its recruitment to include Kenya, South Africa and Singapore – the 'white Australia' policy was still guiding choice. Plans to dispose of Gunning House. Access to some folios is restricted under the thirty year rule.
|Big Brother Movement Boys Hostel Homebush. Financial assistance towards capital expenditure, 1950–64||A446, 1964/46248|
|Big Brother Movement War Memorial Farm, Cowpastures Road, Fairfield via Liverpool, NSW, 1948–69||A446, 1964/46299|
|GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1926–30|
Quantity: 23.94 metres
Recorded by: 1926–30: Development and Migration Commission (CA 243)
|Conferences – Big Brother Movement, 1927||CP211/2, 5/6|
|Associations – Big Brother Movement – Extra Copies, 1928||CP211/2, 3/70|
|Associations – Big Brother Movement – NSW, 1928||CP211/2, 3/72|
|Migrants – Little Brothers, 1927||CP211/2, 52/16|
|Training – Farms for Little Brothers||CP211/2, 74/7|
|APPLICATIONS FOR ARTISTIC COPYRIGHT (WITH EXHIBITS), 1907–69|
Quantity: 26.18 metres
Recorded by: 1907–69: Copyright Office (Australian Industrial Property Organisation) (CA 556)
|Drawing. 'Mike – Little Brother' Registration and Exhibit, 1928 [2 pages]
This contains a black and white cartoon of a Little Brother, with bowler hat and walking cane suggesting the cultural gap between English boys' expectations coming to the Antipodes and the Australian rural reality. The image was patented for a comic strip by three MelbourneHerald journalists.