Young Australia League youth migration
The Young Australia League was not concerned primarily with child or youth migration. However, during the 1920s the League sponsored 192 young British men to Western Australia on lines similar to that of the Big Brother Movement in the eastern states. The Young Australia League was established in 1905 by a dynamic and controversial businessman, J J Simons, who was born in Clare, South Australia in 1882 but moved to Fremantle in his teens. The League was intended to promote 'education through travel'. It developed rapidly as a (mainly) middle-class youth movement – patriotic, non-sectarian, non-political. Girls were admitted, but the main focus was on young men's activities. The League promoted interstate and overseas travel, and acted as a literary and debating society. Theatricals and other social activities were encouraged.
Simons himself had a brief and stormy political career as Labor member for East Perth in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly during the 1920s, but after his defeat turned to journalism and as part of a business syndicate acquired the Sunday Times (Perth) of which he was Managing Director. Other newspapers were purchased and Simons developed a newspaper chain in the state. Meanwhile his Young Australia League peaked with 50 000 members before World War II. Simons died in 1948.
The Young Australia League arranged many and varied activities and youth migration was important to the League only during the later 1920s. The files displayed here reflect these priorities and their main focus is on policy and financial concerns.
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1930–32|
Quantity: 4.14 metres
Recorded by: 1930–32: Department of Home Affairs (CA 756)
|Visit Young Australia League, 1928–33||A430, G488|
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, MULTIPLE NUMBER SERIES, 1923–34|
Quantity: 49.77 metres
Recorded by: 1923–34: Prime Minister's Department (CA 12)
|Immigration Encouragement. Young Australia League – Albury Branch, 1925||A458, N154/19|
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1934–50|
Quantity: 143.82 metres
Recorded by: 1934–50: Prime Minister's Department (CA 12)
|Young Australia League – After-care, 1931 [7 pages]
The Young Australia League had brought 192 migrant boys to Western Australia and been paid by the WA Government £900 per annum to assist with after-care expenses. With the onset of the Great Depression, the WA Government wanted to end the subsidy, something about which the Prime Minister's Department was unhappy:
The WA Premier replied with some vigour that:
The material shows that a compromise was reached in which a grant of £200 was made to the Young Australia League for the next financial year after which there would be a review.
|ADMINISTRATIVE AND GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE FILES, ROYAL VISIT, 1927|
Quantity: 1.0 metres
Recorded by: 1926–27: Federal Capital Commission (CA 226)
|Young Australia League, 1926
J J Simons, Hon. Director, Young Australia League, wrote to the Acting Prime Minister Earle Page requesting an invitation for himself and 50 YAL boys to the opening of Federal Parliament the following year. The request was not approved.
|FOLDERS OF COPIES OF CABINET PAPERS, 1976–|
|This series contains copies of Cabinet papers dating back to 1901.
Quantity: 9.18 metres
Recorded by: 1976–81: Australian Archives, Central Office (CA 1720); 1981–94: Australian Archives, ACT Regional Office (CA 3196)
|Claim from Young Australia League for Commonwealth Financial Assistance towards the Visit of a Party of Boys to the British Empire Exhibition, 1923||A6006, 1923/12/7|
|Young Australia League, 1929||A6006, 1929/02/08|
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1903–38|
Quantity: 337.14 metres
Recorded by: 1916–28: Department of Home and Territories (CA 15); 1928–32: Department of Home Affairs [II] (CA 24); 1932–38: Department of the Interior [I] (CA 27)
|Young Australia League – West Australia, 1925–34||A1, 1934/2278|
|CORRESPONDENCE FILES, WITH 'V' (VICTORIA) PREFIX, 1924–62|
Quantity: 29.88 metres
Recorded by: 1927–46: Investigation Branch, Victoria (CA 907)
|The Young Australia League, 1931||B741/3, V/8359|
|CORRESPONDENCE OF GOVERNOR-GENERAL, 1912–27|
Quantity: 29/98 metres
Recorded by: 1912–27: Governor-General (CA 1)
|Young Australia League, 1925–26||CP78/22, 1926/272|