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Research Guides


Land of Opportunity: Australia's post-war reconstruction


Town and regional planning

Town planning

Two of the early appointments made by HC Coombs to the Department of Post War Reconstruction were the Melbourne architect Grenfell Rudduck and the Sydney architect Walter Bunning. Both men had a strong interest in town planning, an interest shared by members of the Commonwealth Housing Commission. In 1943–44 town planning loomed large in the discussions among research officers, commission members and planning advocates. The latter were mostly based in Melbourne and included Sir James Barrett, Frank Heath, Oswald Burt and Ernest Fuchs. Within the department, a considerable amount of research was undertaken on planning legislation in the states and various countries, housing densities, the training of planners and other topics. Coombs himself took a considerable interest in the subject, particularly its economic, social, political and demographic aspects.

A town planning committee, with Heath as the convenor, was set up in January 1944 to assist the Housing Commission. There were personality clashes and it was relatively ineffective. Nevertheless, town planning was prominent in each of the reports of the commission, including the final report of 28 August 1944. Part V contained lengthy sections on housing density and replanning existing towns, and it touched on problems of transport; distances between home, work and shops; and lack of sufficient space for parks and playgrounds. Its recommendations included the need for each state to have effective town planning legislation, financial assistance by the Commonwealth to local governments or regional councils undertaking replanning schemes, and the establishment of a National School of Physical Planning, with an overseas town planner as director. It proposed a Commonwealth Regional and Town Planning Council be created to promote and coordinate policies, especially concerning the use and development of land, the distribution of population and industrial activities, and improvement of urban living conditions.

A month later Rudduck wrote to Coombs on the need for a Commonwealth town planning policy to ensure that state legislation required under the housing agreement was effective. The policy should cover the training of town planners, support for initiatives at the local level and financial provisions to enable local authorities to redevelop blighted areas. He suggested that a Commonwealth Town Planning Bureau be set up to provide a postgraduate course, investigate problems common to several states, and assist with town planning problems in Commonwealth territories. Sir Harry Brown supported Rudduck, arguing that the Commonwealth had to give the lead to the states in developing a national town planning policy.

On 10 November 1944 Cabinet gave its approval for the establishment of a Commonwealth Town Planning Bureau. Coombs proposed that it would conduct special investigations for state town planning services, provide training facilities for town planning courses, undertake the planning of towns in Commonwealth territories, collect information on town planning in Australia and overseas, and coordinate research work in the states. Like the Commonwealth Experimental Building Station, the bureau would have a board of directors and would be responsible to the Minister for Post War Reconstruction. Joseph Carrodus and Roland Wilson supported the proposal, but Louis Loder argued that the bureau be part of the new works authority. In his reply to Loder, Coombs stressed the distinction between initial planning of towns, where the emphasis was on social and economic aspects, and detailed development, where architectural and engineering considerations were paramount.

A Commonwealth–state conference on town planning, chaired by Coombs, was held on 12 April 1945. The non-Labor states, Victoria and South Australia, declined to be represented on the grounds that they already had town planning legislation. The state delegates were initially suspicious about the Commonwealth's interest in town planning, but the possibility of Commonwealth financial aid and assistance with training and research won over most of them. The conference resolved that a town planning bureau should be set up in Canberra to provide a secretariat for conferences, be a clearing house for ideas, and organise the publication and distribution of technical information.

Another Cabinet paper was prepared which summarised the resolutions of the conference. It sought approval for the town planning bureau and Commonwealth financial assistance for state town planning services and training courses. On 2 July 1945 Cabinet deferred consideration until after the forthcoming premiers conference. Aware of Treasury opposition to the Commonwealth offer of funding, Rudduck argued that the sums involved were very small and the benefits involved would probably exceed any other form of social service. He referred to the fact that 100,000 people had visited a town planning exhibition which the department had organised in Sydney, Brisbane and Newcastle in 1944. At the premiers conference on 23 August 1945 there was the most perfunctory discussion of town planning after Dedman had summarised the conference resolutions. Albert Dunstan said it was a state responsibility, whereupon Chifley swiftly concluded that the resolutions of the conference of officers were opposed by the premiers. The town planning bureau was not even mentioned. JG Crawford, who was present at the conference, privately urged that the resolutions be re-submitted, but Dedman was indecisive. Coombs was disappointed, believing that the premiers of the smaller states would have welcomed the proposals. Aware, however, of Treasury opposition, he decided that the town planning bureau would have to be abandoned. The Department of Works and Housing set up a town planning section, which dealt with planning in Commonwealth territories, but after 1945 the Department of Post War Reconstruction was no longer an advocate of national town planning policy in the broadest sense.

Cabinet
CURTIN, FORDE AND CHIFLEY MINISTRIES: CABINET MINUTES AND AGENDA, 1941–40
Series: A2700
Town planning, 10 November 1944 749
Town planning, 2 July 1945 749A
Commonwealth Housing Commission
GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1943–44
Series: A11676
Appointment of a town planner, 1943
Includes a letter (17 November 1943) from JG Crawford to LPD O'Connor referring to the engagement of F Heath to carry out work on town planning and the formation of a town planning committee to advise the Housing Commission.
HC1943/129
Housing and Town Planning Exhibition, 1943–44
Correspondence of LPD O'Connor, L Ross and J Oldham about the Town Planning and Housing Exhibition organised by the Department of Post War Reconstruction and held in Sydney in August 1944.
HC1944/2
FINAL REPORT, 1944
Series: MP781/4
Final report of the Commonwealth Housing Commission, 25 August 1944
Part 5 of the report dealt with regional and town planning, while part 16 contained recommendations on community facilities.
1
Department of Post War Reconstruction
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1941–50
Series: A9816
Town Planning Association of New South Wales, 1942–43
Includes a letter (18 June 1943) from B Ford to J Curtin stating that post-war housing problems would only be overcome by enacting town planning legislation and appointing a Town Planning Commissioner.
1943/183
Town Planning Association of Victoria, 1941
Letter (20 August 1941) from F Heath to HV Evatt offering the services of the Town Planning Association of Victoria as an expert advisory body.
1943/304
Town planning: research and policy, 1942–45 (2 parts)
Papers on town planning and correspondence mainly between officers of the Department of Post War Reconstruction and the Commonwealth Housing Commission. They include memoranda by CV Howard, JS Gawler, F Heath, G Rudduck and WR Bunning and papers relating to the town planning committee chaired by Gawler. The later papers document the attempts of the department to establish a role for the Commonwealth in town planning and include letters from HC Coombs to JB Chifley and JJ Dedman.
1943/1423
Town planning: correspondence, 1943–48
Miscellaneous correspondence on aspects of town planning, including letters from Sir James Barrett, FO Barnett, WR Bunning, L Irwin and G Rudduck.
1944/423
Town Planning Committee, 1943–44
Correspondence, minutes of meetings and reports of the town planning committee, set up by the Commonwealth Housing Commission in January 1944, with JS Gawler as chairman and F Heath as convenor. The correspondents include Gawler, Heath, FO Burt, LPD O'Connor and HC Coombs.
1944/424
Town planning policy: Cabinet submission, 1944–45
Correspondence and departmental minutes on town planning policy, the drafting of Cabinet submissions for JB Chifley and JJ Dedman, proposals for a Commonwealth town planning bureau, the clash between the Treasury and the Department of Post War Reconstruction at the premiers conference in August 1945, and the role of the Department of Works and Housing in town planning. The correspondents include HC Coombs, JG Crawford, G Rudduck, L Ross, WR Bunning and LF Loder.
1944/491
Town Planning Conference, 1945
Correspondence about town planning and minutes of a conference (12 April 1945) of Commonwealth and state officers, chaired by HC Coombs.
1945/120
Town planning: proposed visit of Prof. Abercrombie, 1945–49
Correspondence of AS Brown concerning the visit to Australia of the British town planner Sir Patrick Abercrombie and the Re-planning Britain exhibition which toured Australia in 1948.
1945/595
St Mary's munitions factory: town planning, 1946–49
Correspondence concerning the planning of the St Mary's industrial site in Sydney and the decision of the Commonwealth Government in 1949 to provide part of the funds for town planning at the site. The correspondents include JJ Cahill, JJ Sheils and AS Brown.
1946/136
Commonwealth Town Planning Bureau, 1944–45
Papers and correspondence concerning the proposed Commonwealth Town Planning Bureau, including notes on personnel, costs and training facilities, and letters of HC Coombs, G Rudduck and LF Loder.
1947/101
Department of Works and Housing
CORRESPONDENCE FILES WITH G (GENERAL) PREFIX, 1942–50
Series: B95
Town planning: development of organisation within Department of Works and Housing, 1945–49
Correspondence and reports on the establishment of the town planning section within the Department of Works and Housing, the division of functions with the Department of Post War Reconstruction, the training of town planners, work and staffing of the section, and its transfer from Sydney to Canberra. The correspondents include LF Loder, LJ Price, CV Howard, CA Hoy, WE Potts and HC Coombs.
G6220
Prime Minister's Department
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1934–50
Series: A461
Town planning, 1936–48
Correspondence (1944–45) between J Curtin and FM Forde and state premiers concerning town planning in relation to post-war housing and works programs and a conference (12 April 1945) of Commonwealth and state officers on town planning. There is also a letter (8 October 1947) from JM Baddeley to JB Chifley on the development of the County of Cumberland in New South Wales.
Q356/5/1 Pt 1
Treasury
CORRESPONDENCE, 1901–76
Series: A571
Town planning, 1944–45
Minutes of HJ Goodes to the Treasurer commenting on the two Cabinet papers on town planning and recommending that the Commonwealth confine its interest to the establishment of the town planning bureau.
1944/3961

Community centres and facilities

Architects and town planners were insistent that community facilities should not be neglected in any housing project. In 1942 the Melbourne social reformers FO Barnett and WO Burt wrote in their book Housing the Australian Nation that good housing could not achieve its full function without adequate community amenities. The community centre should be the key point of every housing development. In December 1943 Rudduck told Coombs that in England the need for community facilities had become obvious after World War I, when new housing estates were found to lack elementary communal facilities and centres of social life. He urged that standards for communal facilities be defined, model centres established, suitable locations be found, and that provision of community facilities be made a condition of Commonwealth grants to the states for housing.

In its final report in August 1944, the Commonwealth Housing Commission recommended that in planning all new areas and re-planning existing built-up areas, land and buildings should be provided for minimum community facilities. They were defined as shops, playing areas, infant health and preschool child welfare centres, schools and meeting halls. In every large housing project, land should be allotted for kindergartens, club and meeting rooms, libraries, swimming pools and adult health centres. The commission also recommended that a Commonwealth Community Facilities Committee be established under the proposed Commonwealth Planning Authority to review standards of community facilities, undertake research and allocate finance to approved state projects. The Commonwealth should also finance model community centres in each state. In making its recommendations, the commission drew on the work of a community facilities committee, chaired by Lloyd Ross, which met intermittently during 1944.

In July 1944 Ross drafted a Cabinet paper on community facilities. It stated that there was a widespread demand for measures which would enable wartime group activities of a cultural, political, social and recreational character to continue in peacetime. It sought Cabinet approval for Commonwealth financial assistance in establishing experimental community centres, provided that there was a strong local movement and the state governments were willing to assist. The Department of Health approved the draft, but the Treasury was wary. Chifley seemed initially supportive, but doubted that Curtin would react favourably. In April 1945 Treasury officials told Rudduck that they could not support the proposals, as they were too vague and likely to lead to extravagances. The view of the Treasurer was that they should get the houses built first. The submission did not reach the Cabinet Room.

Lloyd Ross remained a great advocate of community centres, declaring in 1945 that 'the community movement is one of the most hopeful in Australian educational, cultural and democratic history'. He had spent some time in Britain in 1942–43 studying community groups and was inspired by their spontaneity and enthusiasm for planning a better world. In Australia he was similarly inspired by the community groups and cooperative enterprises that he discovered in Nuriootpa in the Barossa Valley. He persuaded Coombs and Chifley to visit the town and, in Coombs' words, Nuriootpa became 'a living proof that local and community initiative was capable of effective action'. Under Ross' leadership, the Public Relations Division of the Department of Post War Reconstruction became a clearing house for information and advice about community amenities and developments throughout Australia and in other countries. It issued a Community Activities Bulletin, which discussed such matters as sites and standards, constitutions of community centres, cultural facilities, training youth leaders, kindergartens and physical recreation.

Department of Health
Series: A1928
Quantity: CORRESPONDENCE, 1925–49
National fitness: Community Facilities Committee, 1944–45 (2 parts)
Reports and minutes of the Community Facilities Committee, chaired by L Ross, and associated correspondence, memoranda, articles and copies of the Community Activities Bulletin. The correspondents include Kathleen Gordon, who represented the Department of Health on the committee, JHL Cumpston, HC Coombs and L Ross.
783/17
Department of Post War Reconstruction
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1941–50
Series: A9816
Housing: community facilities, 1943–46 (2 parts)
Correspondence, memoranda, reports and publications on community centres and facilities, including sites for model community centres, standards for community centres, the work of the Community Facilities Committee, a draft Cabinet agendum on experimental community centres, community facilities in rural areas, and recommendations of the Commonwealth Housing Commission. The principal correspondents are L Ross, G Rudduck, HC Coombs, JHL Cumpston and Kathleen Gordon.
1943/1446
Community Facilities Committee, 1944–45
Agendas, minutes and reports of the Community Facilities Committee, chaired by L Ross, and letters of HC Coombs, GT Chippindall and G Rudduck.
1944/333
Community facilities: correspondence, 1943–49 (2 parts)
Correspondence on experimental community centres, surveys of community facilities, developments in particular cities and towns, a visit by JB Chifley to Nuriootpa (August 1944), requests for Commonwealth assistance to local communities, and relations between the Department of Post War Reconstruction and community centres, schools, planning committees, community associations and local authorities. The correspondents include JB Chifley, JJ Dedman, HC Coombs, L Ross, G Rudduck and HJ Goodes.
1944/334
Community Activities Bulletins, 1945–47 (2 parts)
Copies of the Community Activities Bulletin, published by the Department of Post War Reconstruction, recording community developments in suburbs, towns and cities throughout Australia, the constitutions of community centres, and the work of community centre associations and progress associations.
1945/393
Department of War Organisation of Industry
SECRET CORRESPONDENCE (S SERIES), 1941–45
Series: CP80/1
Community centres: immediate needs and future developments, 1945
Draft Cabinet paper on community centres, prepared by the Department of Post War Reconstruction but not submitted to Cabinet.
Bundle 24/S1030/4
Treasury
CORRESPONDENCE, 1901–76
Series: A571
Community centres: financial assistance for establishment, 1944–60 (3 parts)
Correspondence (1945) between the Treasury and the Department of Post War Reconstruction and minutes by HJ Goodes to the Treasurer commenting on a draft Cabinet agenda proposing Commonwealth assistance towards the establishment of community centres. The correspondents include JB Chifley, JJ Dedman, L Ross, HJ Goodes, HC Coombs and AS Brown. The later records mostly comprise copies of the Community Activities Bulletin and letters from local councils and organisations seeking financial assistance from the Commonwealth.
1957/3574

Regional planning

Advocates of regional planning in Australia in the 1940s often cited the writings of overseas authorities, such as Lewis Mumford, Patrick Geddes and Patrick Abercrombie, and overseas developments, such as commissions of inquiry, plans and legislation in Britain, and the work of the National Resources Planning Board and the Tennessee Valley Authority in the United States. In some contexts regional planning was a form of physical planning, encompassing green belts, industrial zoning, transport, and power and water supplies. Others interpreted it much more broadly to cover not only land use but the location and movement of people and industries, public health, and the power and initiative of local communities.

Within the Department of Post War Reconstruction, there was a spirited debate in 1943 between the architects and economists about the value of regional planning. The architects claimed that it was a scientific method, which ensured that planning was in harmony with the social and economic life of the community. The economists were more sceptical, arguing that regionalism had limited application in Australia and would be resisted by state governments. Winding up the debate, JG Crawford concluded that the department should promote the coordination of administrative services at the local level and provide advice about the resources of particular areas and regional problems, such as soil erosion, transport deficiencies and housing shortages.

Following the advice of Crawford and Coombs, the Prime Minister wrote to the premiers on 14 October 1943 suggesting a meeting to discuss cooperation in regional planning. He considered that governments should encourage the formation of regional organisations, as they could assist in dealing with problems such as land use and they enabled the people most closely concerned with problems to have a part in developing policies. Coordinating the work of local organisations was primarily the task of state governments, but the Commonwealth also needed to be aware of the connections between local needs and national developmental projects. Coombs and Crawford discussed the subject at a meeting with state officers on 30 March 1944 and it was then included in the agenda of the premiers conference in August 1944. The premiers were surprisingly receptive, some of them expressing a commitment to regional planning and decentralisation. Several resolutions were passed, dealing with the need for states to define regional boundaries for purposes of development and decentralisation, the formation of regional bodies to advise the Commonwealth and state governments, and the compilation of regional resources surveys according to principles agreed on by the governments.

These resolutions led to some action. By 1946 all the states had set up regional boundaries committees which recommended the creation of regions, ranging from 25 in Queensland to six in Tasmania. Some Commonwealth and state government departments adjusted their subdivisions to correspond to the new regions. Advisory committees were set up in the regions in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. A large number of regional resources surveys were produced by the Regional Planning Division of the Department of Post War Reconstruction, the Division of Reconstruction and Development in New South Wales, and the Central Planning Authority in Victoria. By 1947, however, a sharp divide was apparent, with Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia showing little interest in regional planning. The Queensland official Colin Clark had a passionate interest in regionalism and decentralisation, but it was not shared by his premier.

The Department of Post War Reconstruction organised conferences on regional planning with state liaison officers in 1945 and 1947, but its hopes of productive Commonwealth–state collaboration were largely thwarted. The exception was the Murray Valley region, which crossed the boundaries of three states. An active Murray Valley Development League was formed in August 1944 and it established close contacts with Commonwealth officers such as Crawford and Allen Brown. In 1945 they persuaded Dedman and Chifley to press for the creation of a Murray Valley developmental body similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority, but the premiers reacted in horror to the suggestion that any of their powers should be delegated to a regional authority. They relented a little at the 1946 premiers conference and agreed to a committee being formed, chaired by Brown, to coordinate work on a resources survey of the Murray Valley. Edited by the Regional Planning Division, it took a year to complete and was a substantial work; the final version published in 1952 totalled 369 pages. Information was supplied by several Commonwealth departments, as well as numerous government agencies in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. Subsequently, there were further moves to establish a commission to develop the Murray Valley, but nothing eventuated.

The Regional Planning Division was active in disseminating information about regional developments through articles, pamphlets and other publications. In 1946 it began publishing a bulletin Regional Developments in Australia, which was superseded by the Regional Development Journal in 1949. In 1948–49 it produced a multi-volume bibliography of regional planning and also a history and review of regional planning developments throughout Australia.

Department of Commerce and Agriculture
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1948–56
Series: A609
Regional planning, 1947–52
Agenda papers, minutes and correspondence relating to the conference of Commonwealth officers on regional planning in September 1947 and reviews of mapping and resources surveys. The correspondents include JG Crawford, CR Lambert and JV Moroney.
255/8/4
Department of Post War Reconstruction
UNREGISTERED PAPERS AND REPORTS OF REGIONAL PLANNING DIVISION, 1944–51
Series: A688
Regional planning: conference with State officers, 30 March 1944
Minutes of a conference (30 March 1944) of Commonwealth and state officers on regional planning (chairs: HC Coombs and JG Crawford).
22
Conference of Commonwealth and State officers on regional planning, 11 April 1945
Notes on agenda items of a conference (11 April 1945) of Commonwealth and state officers on regional planning.
23
Regional planning conference of Commonwealth and State Ministers, 20 August 1945
Notes on regional planning prepared for the premiers conference (20 August 1945).
24
Regional planning conference of Commonwealth officers, 3 September 1947
Agenda papers and minutes of an inter-departmental conference (3 September 1947) on regional planning (chair: AS Brown).
25
Conference of Commonwealth and State regional planning officers, 15–16 September 1947
Agenda papers, minutes and draft of Regional planning in Australia.
26-27
Conference of Commonwealth officers, 20 April 1948
Agenda papers, list of regions and other papers.
28
Regional Planning Developments Abroad, nos 1–8, 1946–47 31
News Summary: Regional Planning Developments in Australia, nos 1–33, 1945–48 33-34
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1941–50
Series: A9816
Regional planning: policy, 1943–46 (2 parts)
Minutes and correspondence on the value of regional planning, the establishment of regional organisations, resolutions of the 1944 premiers conference, developments in the states, and the establishment of the Regional Planning Division in 1945. The correspondents include HC Coombs, JG Crawford, PA Dorrian, GG Firth and G Rudduck.
1943/1175
Regional planning: miscellaneous correspondence, 1943–47
Correspondence and notes on regional planning in the states and in overseas countries and publications on regionalism.
1943/1176
Regional and town planning: university courses, 1943–46
Correspondence of HC Coombs, WR Bunning, G Rudduck and others on courses in town and country planning and the appointment of town planners.
1943/1369
Murrumbidgee Regional Convention, 1944
Correspondence on the Murrumbidgee Regional Convention at Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, in June 1944 which discussed post-war planning and development.
1944/313
Murray Valley regional planning, 1944–46 (4 parts)
Correspondence concerning regional planning in the Murray Valley, the Yarrawonga conference in August 1944, the Tennessee Valley Authority, cooperation with state governments, the enlargement of the Hume Dam, and a ministerial conference in May 1945. The correspondents include FM Forde, JB Chifley, HC Coombs, JG Crawford and PA Dorrian.
1944/404
Regional resources surveys, 1944–47
Minutes and correspondence concerning resources surveys and mapping in the states and the Northern Territory. The correspondents include JG Crawford, W Lockwood and JR Hocking.
1944/432
Regional planning conference, 1945
Agenda papers, a transcript of proceedings of a conference of Commonwealth and state officers on regional planning in April 1945 and related correspondence.
1945/7
Commonwealth departments and regional planning, 1944–45 (4 parts)
Responses from Commonwealth ministers and departments to circular letters from the prime minister and the Department of Post War Reconstruction inquiring about policies and developments in regional planning. Later correspondence deals with planning and mapping in particular departments, such as the Commonwealth Employment Service and the Bureau of Mineral Resources. The correspondents include JG Crawford, AS Brown, HW Allen, G Rudduck and CR Lambert.
1945/53
Bibliographical work of Regional Planning Division, 1945–50 (4 parts)
Correspondence about bibliographies and reports prepared by the Regional Planning Division and the acquisition of reports and publications.
1945/325
Regional planning ACT, 1945–50
Correspondence with the Department of the Interior and the Department of Works and Housing about a report on the development of Canberra and Jervis Bay, prepared by the Regional Planning Division in 1945. The later correspondence refers to population trends and industrial development in Canberra. The correspondents include AS Brown, HP Breen, HW Allen and CR Lambert.
1946/58
Hunter River Valley, 1944–49
Correspondence and notes relating to proposed collaboration between the Commonwealth and New South Wales in regional planning in the Hunter Valley and a resources survey by the Department of Post War Reconstruction in 1946. The correspondents include FM Forde, WJ McKell, HC Coombs, JG Crawford, G Rudduck, AS Brown, J Shaw and HW Allen.
1946/181-91
Correspondence with State departments, 1943–50 (3 parts)
Correspondence of HC Coombs, JG Crawford and AS Brown with state liaison officers concerning regional planning in the states, the establishment of regional committees and boundaries, resources surveys and the decentralisation of industry.
1946/299
Regional planning: correspondence within the Department, 1944–50
Minutes of AS Brown, G Rudduck, HW Allen, CR Lambert and others concerning the work of the Regional Planning Division and major planning and developmental projects.
1946/300
Regional planning: conference with state liaison officers, 1946–50 (2 parts)
Agenda and minutes of a conference (September 1947) of Commonwealth and state regional planning officers, chaired by AS Brown, and related correspondence.
1946/317
Regional planning publicity, 1946–49 (4 parts)
Correspondence on the compilation and publication of Regional Planning Developments in Australia and other publications, the distribution of resources surveys and bibliographies, national mapping, town planning schemes and other topics.
1946/383
Murray Valley resources survey, 1946–50 (9 parts)
Agenda papers and minutes of the Murray Valley Resources Survey Committee, chaired by AS Brown, and correspondence with members of the committee and Commonwealth and state departments and agencies which contributed to the survey. The correspondents include AS Brown, C Hartnett, WJ Jungwirth, JG Crawford, JK Taylor and JR Hocking. The survey report was completed in August 1947 and later revised and published in 1952.
1946/438
History of regional planning, 1946–47 (2 parts)
A report of progress and drafts of a record of regional planning in Australia, compiled by HW Allen and originally produced for internal use.
1947/64
Hume Dam and Murray Valley: deputation from Murray Valley Development League, 1947–49
Correspondence concerning a deputation from the Murray Valley Development League to JJ Dedman and N Lemmon in March 1947 and later proposals for a Murray Valley Development Coordinating Commission.
1947/77
Conference of Commonwealth officers on regional planning, 1947
Agenda notes and minutes of an inter-departmental conference on regional planning, chaired by AS Brown, in September 1947.
1947/298
Regional planning reports: correspondence, 1946–50
Correspondence concerning the distribution of planning reports, resources surveys, bibliographies and other publications.
1947/311
Commonwealth-State Regional Planning Committee, 1947–49
Correspondence concerning a meeting of a sub-committee on regional planning, set up in September 1947, and the compilation and publication of Regional Planning in Australia: a history of progress and review of regional planning activities throughout the Commonwealth (1949).
1947/328
Regional Development Journal, 1949–52
Correspondence of HW Allen and others, mainly with Commonwealth agencies, concerning the compilation of the Regional Development Journal, which in 1949 superseded the bulletin Regional Planning Developments in Australia. In 1950 it was taken over by the Department of National Development and continued to appear until 1955.
1949/22
Department of the Interior
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1946–
Series: A431
Regional planning: ACT and Jervis Bay, 1946–47
Correspondence, notes by CS Daley, and notes of an inter-departmental meeting concerning proposals of the Department of Post War Reconstruction for the development of Canberra and Jervis Bay and the surrounding region.
1948/41
ACT-Jervis Bay preliminary plan for development, 1945
A preliminary report prepared by the Regional Planning Division of the Department of Post War Reconstruction on the development of the ACT and Jervis Bay in relation to the surrounding area (December 1945).
1948/41 Att. 2ACT
Future development of Canberra: suggestions by WE Dunk, 1947–51
Correspondence concerning proposals of WE Dunk on the development of Canberra and minutes and a report of an inter-departmental committee, chaired by JA Carrodus and later WA McLaren, on the development of Canberra (1947–50).
1950/2962
Prime Minister's Department
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1934–50
Series: A461
Post war reconstruction: regional planning, 1943–50 (2 parts)
Correspondence mainly between J Curtin and JB Chifley and state premiers concerning Commonwealth–state conferences on regional planning in 1944, 1945 and 1947 and with ministers on the regional planning activities of Commonwealth departments.
L387/1/1

Further reading

Auster, Martin, 'The origins of the Australian regional and metropolitan planning movement 1900–1940', Journal of Australian Studies, no. 21, 1987, pp. 29–39.

Bunning, Walter, Homes in the Sun: the past and future of Australian housing, WJ Nesbit, Sydney, 1945.

Freestone, Robert, 'The shattered dream: postwar modernism, urban planning and the career of Walter Bunning', Environment and Planning A, vol. 28, no. 4, 1996, pp. 731–52.

Freestone, Robert, Urban Nation: Australia's planning heritage, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 2010.

Gordon, Kathleen M, Community Centres, Government Printer, Canberra, 1943.

Lewi, Hannah and Nicholls, David (eds), Community: building modern Australia, UNSW Press, Sydney, 2010.

Harris, CP and Dixon, Kay E, Regional Planning in New South Wales and Victoria since 1944 with Special Reference to the Albury–Wodonga growth area, Centre for Research on Federal Financial Relations, ANU, Canberra, 1978.

Harris, HL (ed.), Decentralization, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1948.

Holmes, J McD, The Geographical Basis of Government Specially Applied to New South Wales, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1944

Howe, Renate, 'Building a New Order: Oswald Barnett and postwar planning', in Robert Freestone (ed.), The Australian Planner, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 1993.

Lloyd, C and Troy, P, 'A history of federal intervention', in P Troy (ed.), Federal Power in Australian Cities, Hale & Ironmonger, Sydney, 1978.

Maher, FK, Regionalism in Australia, Araluen Publishing Company, Melbourne, 1946.

Ross, Lloyd, 'Building community and nation', Meanjin Papers, vol. 4, no. 1, 1945, pp. 5–8.

A Township Starts to Live: the valley of Barossa, South Australia's new community, Common Cause, Adelaide, 1944.

Troy, Patrick, Accommodating Australians: Commonwealth Government involvement in housing, Federation Press, Sydney, 2012.

Windeyer, R, 'Community centres', Australian Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 1, 1945, pp. 61–73.


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