Chapter 1 Endnotes
1 A strong set of broadly accepted policies and attitudes shared across much of the political spectrum, noted by various people including Paul Kelly in The End of Certainty: power, politics and business in Australia, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1994.
3 Accounts of Woolf's campaign appearances can be found in the Perth Morning Herald, 6 February 1901, p. 2; 28 February 1901, p. 3; 2 March 1901, p. 6; 4 March 1901, p. 4; 6 March 1901, p. 2; 11 March 1901, p. 6; 15 March 1901, p. 10. Unless otherwise footnoted, details of Woolf's life are drawn from Una Woolf, 'A letter to you all' (written for her grandchildren in 1980), in the possession of the Fraser family.
12 A transcript of Fraser's tape-recorded notes is in UMA, 2005.0078, item 59. His formal report on the trip 'A visit to the United States, Canada, South Vietnam and Malaysia from 5th May to July 21st 1964', dated 22 July 1964, is in UMA, 2007.0023, item 124. The relevant radio addresses were on 17, 20 and 30 May; 1, 5, 18, 22, 26 and 27 June; and 1, 6 and 21 July 1964, and are in UMA, 2007.0023, item 217.
15 Speech to State Zionist Council of New South Wales, 16 November 1969. NAA: M1374, 29. Most attribute the first use of the word 'multiculturalism' in politics to a speech by Immigration Minister Al Grassby in 1973. This is not correct. See Mark Lopez, The Origins of Multiculturalism in Australian Politics 1945–1975, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, 2000.
25 The figures on which this assessment of the Fraser record is based are in 'Statement 10: historical Australian Government data', Budget Paper No. 1: budget strategy and outlook 2009–2010, budget.gov.au/2009-10/content/bp1/html/index.htm, accessed 22 May 2012.
26 A more detailed explanation of the Fraser record on financial deregulation, with full references to the relevant Cabinet documents, can be found in chapters 10 and 16 of Malcolm Fraser and Margaret Simons, Malcolm Fraser: the political memoirs, The Miegunyah Press, Carlton, 2010.
32 'The Commonwealth Accord on South Africa (The Nassau Accord) Lyfod Cay, Nassau, 20 October 1985', in Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons, Mission to South Africa: the Commonwealth report, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1986.
34 Malcolm Fraser, Speech to CARE gala dinner, Melbourne, 2 May 2002, unimelb.edu.au/malcolmfraser/speeches/nonparliamentary/caregaladinner.html, accessed 22 May 2012.