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Research Guides


Malcolm Fraser: Guide to Archives of Australia's Prime Ministers


Chapter 3: Records about Malcolm Fraser in the University of Melbourne Archives

After office

The Liberal Party lost office in March 1983 to the Australian Labor Party led by Bob Hawke, former President of the Australian Council of Trade Unions. Following the defeat, Malcolm Fraser resigned from the leadership of the Liberal Party and by the end of the month had resigned from Parliament, stating that his continued presence would hinder the ability of the party to regroup under a new leader.

Almost immediately, Fraser became involved in various initiatives on the international stage. In the same year he was appointed distinguished fellow of the American Enterprise Institute and senior adjunct fellow of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. In 1985 Fraser was made Chair of the United Nations Panel of Eminent Persons on the Role of Transnational Corporations in South Africa and Co-chair of the Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons campaigning for an end to apartheid in South Africa.

In 1987 Fraser founded CARE Australia as part of the international CARE group and was President of CARE International from 1990 to 1995. In 1997 he led a Commonwealth Observer Mission to Pakistan to monitor the national elections.

During the period of the Howard Liberal government (1996–2007), Fraser became increasingly publicly critical of the Liberal Party in office, in particular of its record on human rights, civil liberties, the Iraq war and the treatment of refugees. Fraser left the Liberal Party in late 2009.

This section is divided into the following topics:

General

Records

MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of general correspondence files maintained by Fraser's office following his resignation from Parliament, and records the full range of his post-parliamentary activities. They document Fraser's ongoing relationship with the Liberal Party and media, and his public speaking roles.
Series: 2005.0083
Quantity: 16 metres
Quadrant correspondence, 1983–85
Includes correspondence between Fraser and Richard Krygier, founder and editor of Quadrant magazine.
item 340, box 50
American Enterprise Institute general, 1982–88
Includes a letter from Gerald Ford thanking Fraser for his work at the American Enterprise Institute, also correspondence with Bill Baroody, president of the Institute.
item 106, box 12
Secretary-General of the Commonwealth, 1987–89
Includes correspondence and papers relating to Fraser's unsuccessful bid to become Secretary-General of the Commonwealth.
items 167–169, boxes 23–24
Image 39: Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons, Marlborough House, London, c. 1986.

Image 39: Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons, Marlborough House, London, c. 1986.
UMA, 2007.0053, BWP/24573
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MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of Fraser's personal correspondence from the time of his resignation from Parliament to 1995. Much of the correspondence contains letters of support from the public following his resignation. The rest is of a more personal nature, including social events and visits.
Series: 2005.0085
Quantity: 1 metre
Ayres biography, 1987
Includes a letter from Tim Everard (former British Ambassador to the German Democratic Republic, 1984–88) describing Fraser during their time at Oxford together; also includes other correspondence relating to the preparation of Phillip Ayres' 1987 biography.
item 37, box 5
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of files of travel arrangements made on behalf of Fraser following his resignation from Parliament. The files include correspondence, maps, itineraries, lists of appointments and schedules. The travel was often undertaken for organisations such as the American Enterprise Institute, United Nations and the InterAction Council.
Series: 2005.0080
CARE/government visit for inauguration of President of South Africa – Pretoria/Nairobi/Tanzania, May 1994
Contains travel files for a 1994 visit to South Africa for Nelson Mandela's inauguration as the first black President.
item 32, box 18
American Enterprise Institute – World Forum, Vaile, 1983
Contains travel files for the American Enterprise Institute's World Forum in Vaile.
items 1-9, box 1
Trip file – InterAction Council Meeting – Zimbabwe, March 1988
Contains the travel file for the InterAction Council meeting in Zimbabwe.
item 77, box 10
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of records relating to Fraser's role as a member of the Commonwealth Observer Group during the Pakistan elections in early 1997.
Series: 2005.0088
Quantity: 0.45 metres
Commonwealth Observer Group – Pakistan – notes and papers, 1997
Includes a code of conduct for the ethical and professional discharge of election observation activities supplied by the Australian Electoral Commission, as well as Fraser's personal notes and papers on his observations on the election.
item 7, box 1
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of records collated by Fraser's office relating to the patronage of various organisations and some subject files from 1986 to 2004.
Series: 2006.0029
Quantity: 2 metres
National Sorry Day Committee – Journey of Healing – patronage, 1999–2002
Contains correspondence relating to the National Sorry Day Committee's Journey of Healing, of which Fraser was joint patron with Lowitja O'Donoghue.
item 9, box 3
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series contains material that was housed in Fraser's office and covers a whole range of subjects from university notes and documents relating to the Dismissal, to CARE Australia files from the 2000s.
Series: 2010.0013
Quantity: 9 metres
Australians for Just Refugee Programs, 2001–02
Includes correspondence with refugee advocacy groups regarding the treatment of refugees by the Howard Liberal government; also relates to the establishment of Australians for Just Refugee Programs. The material includes correspondence, meeting reports and other papers, and provides a good sense of the various refugee advocacy groups at the time.
item 3/4, box 12
International Crisis Group, 1994–2006
Includes correspondence and papers relating to the establishment of the International Crisis Group.
item 3/7, box 13

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Liberal Party

Records

MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of correspondence received by Fraser and his wife, Tamie, following the defeat of the Liberal government in March 1983. The correspondence is from members of the public as well as colleagues, and business and community leaders.
Series: 2007.0029
Quantity: 2 metres
Post-election – personal – correspondence 'A–C', 3 March – 27 April 1983
Includes correspondence with Sir Garfield Barwick relating to reasons for the defeat. Barwick lists three reasons: the general desire for change, rising prices and unemployment, and hysteria over Hawke.
item 1, box 1
Post-election – Liberal Party material, 10–23 March 1983
Contains a Liberal Party preliminary report on the 1983 election, written by Tony Eggleton (sent to Fraser on 10 March 1983).
item 12, box 2
Post-election – correspondence – federal and state Parliamentarians, 1982–83
Includes correspondence with John Howard regarding the tasks ahead for the party; Fraser mentions the need for unity and the adherence to liberal philosophy.
item 18, box 3
Post-election – correspondence 'E', 6 March – 8 April 1983
Includes a letter from Jim Forbes on behalf of the Federal Executive of the Liberal Party after the loss, in which he writes: 'I have no doubt that, in retrospect, your seven years of Prime Ministership will be seen in a positive and constructive light'.
item 30, box 5
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of papers relating to Fraser's electoral expenses during his prime ministership. There are also some congratulatory messages from constituents, campaign programs and poll booth lists.
Series: 2007.0030
Post-election Liberal Party clips, 1983
Contains news cuttings of articles following the March 1983 defeat. This file is a good source of information on the commentary on the defeat.
item 6, box 1
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of general correspondence files maintained by Fraser's office following his resignation from Parliament, and records the full range of his post-parliamentary activities. It documents his ongoing relationship with the Liberal Party and the media, and public speaking roles.
Series: 2005.0083
Quantity: 16 metres
Liberal Party correspondence, 1997–98
Includes correspondence to Liberal Party figures opposing the prospect of the Liberal Party giving preferences to Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party.
item 447, box 73
Aboriginal affairs/Northern Land Council, 15 January 1998 – 16 December 1999
Includes correspondence to the Liberal Party opposing suggested changes to the Land Rights Act (14 July 1999); also includes papers relating to Ambassadors for Reconciliation.
item 468, box 78
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series contains material that was housed in Fraser's office and covers a whole range of subjects from university notes and documents relating to the Dismissal, to CARE Australia files from the 2000s.
Series: 2010.0013
Quantity: 9 metres
Liberal Party general, 1999–2009
Includes correspondence and press statements on Fraser's view of the Liberal Party-endorsed history of the party, Liberalism, in which the record of prime ministership was disputed; also includes correspondence with the Liberal Party regarding Guantanamo Bay detainee David Hicks and the treatment of refugees.
item 3/37, box 27

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South Africa

Records

MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series was maintained by Fraser during his time on the United Nations Panel of Eminent Persons on the Role of Transnational Corporations in South Africa, and as Co-chair of the Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons. The series consists of reports, correspondence, photographs and other papers, and provides a rich source of information on the workings of these bodies and Fraser's role within them.
Series: 2005.0071
Quantity: 3 metres
Mission to South Africa – the findings of the Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group on Southern Africa, 1986
Includes two copies of the final report, signed by members of the Group of Eminent Persons.
item 22, box 3
Correspondence, Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group, 1985–86
Includes drafts of the final Eminent Persons Group report, including Fraser's annotations, plus correspondence and other papers.
item 29, box 5
Kennedy/Schultz letters, 1986
Includes letters to Secretary of State George Schultz regarding the Eminent Persons Group report and to Senator Edward Kennedy regarding his anti-apartheid Bill being presented to Congress.
item 105, box 13
Oliver Tambo – visit to Nareen, 1987
Includes correspondence, reports and articles regarding Oliver Tambo's (former Secretary-General of the African National Congress) visit to Fraser's station, Nareen.
item 152, box 18
South Africa letters, 1985–89
Includes correspondence from the public and some of Fraser's colleagues about his work against apartheid, both supportive and oppositional.
items 148-150, box 17
Image 40: Malcolm Fraser, General Obasanjo and Archbishop Desmond Tutu during the Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons tour of South Africa, 1985.

Image 40: Malcolm Fraser, General Obasanjo and Archbishop Desmond Tutu during the Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons tour of South Africa, 1985.
UMA, 2005.0071, PA/221
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MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of Fraser's papers created in his capacity as Chairman of the United Nations Committee on African Commodity Problems. It includes drafts and final reports, minutes, correspondence and background papers.
Series: 2005.0086
Quantity: 3 metres
Country reports – comments on final draft, 1987–90
Contains Fraser's comments on the draft report of the Committee on African Commodity Problems, including correspondence.
item 2, box 2

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CARE Australia

Records

MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of the records gathered by Fraser in his capacity as Chair of CARE Australia and President of CARE International.
Series: 2005.0087
Quantity: 0.90 metres
CARE International – executive correspondence, April 1996
Includes correspondence between Fraser and the CARE International executive.
item 61, box 12
CARE Australia – correspondence, 1999–2000
Includes general correspondence relating to CARE Australia.
item 39, box 7
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series consists of records relating to CARE Australia and CARE International, held in Fraser's office.
Series: 2006.0048
Quantity: 2 metres
CARE Australia – general, 2001
Includes correspondence with Sir William Deane (former Governor- General and Chair of CARE Australia from 2002), and general correspondence.
item 8, box 3
CARE Australia – general, 1999
Includes correspondence and material relating to the CARE Australia aid workers charged with espionage in Yugoslavia.
item 4, box 2
CARE Australia – general, 1998
Includes correspondence and media releases on CARE Australia's response to the floods in Papua New Guinea.
item 1, box 1
MALCOLM FRASER COLLECTION
This series contains material that was housed in Fraser's office and covers a whole range of subjects from university notes and documents relating to the Dismissal, to CARE Australia files from the 2000s.
Series: 2010.0013
Quantity: 9 metres
CARE Australia, 1987–93
Comprises early material on CARE Australia, including reports, as well as correspondence and papers relating to other issues and organisations.
item 7/4, box 38

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Chapter 3
Records about Malcolm Fraser in the University of Melbourne Archives