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Research Guides


Malcolm Fraser: Guide to Archives of Australia's Prime Ministers


Chapter 4: Records about Malcolm Fraser in other collections

Australian Capital Territory

Other collections within the Australian Capital Territory include:

ACT Heritage Library

The collection of the ACT Heritage Library focuses on the lives of Canberrans. It holds various Canberra and region newspapers, and the Canberra Times Photographic Archive. Articles about, and photographs of, Malcolm Fraser are held in the collection.

Records

PHOTOGRAPHS FROM THE CANBERRA TIMES COLLECTION
Demonstrators jeer Prime Minister and Mrs Fraser, 28 June 1977
Photographer: Jim Green.
006506
Malcolm Fraser opens the National Indoor Sports Centre, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, 26 January 1981
Photographer Heide Smith.
996338
Malcolm Fraser opens the National Indoor Sports Centre, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, 26 January 1981
Photographer Heide Smith.
003235

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Australian National University Archives and Noel Butlin Archives Centre

Archives related to Fraser can be found in both the Australian National University Archives and the Noel Butlin Archives Centre collection of business and union records. The list that follows has been adapted from Prime Ministers at the Australian National University: an archival guide by Michael Piggott and Maggie Shapley (ANU eView, 2011).

Records

AMALGAMATED METAL WORKERS' UNION, NATIONAL OFFICE
Subject files – 'various speeches', 1975–91
Includes a seven-page pamphlet published in September 1976 written by Lew Gibson, 'Milton Friedman alias Malcolm Fraser'.
NBAC 102/990
HEINZ ARNDT PAPERS
Diary, 1980
'Diary of round-the-world trip with Malcolm Fraser' (30 August to 10 September 1980).
ANUA 80/13
AUSTRALIA COUNCIL OF TRADE UNIONS RECORDS
Subject files – 'C'th Minister – Prime Minister', 1976–79
Includes press statements, Australian Council of Trade Unions correspondence, extracts from Hansard, and correspondence between Fraser, ACTU secretaries and president Bob Hawke on various issues.
NBAC N68/713
AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORRESPONDENCE FILES
National fellowships, 1980–97
Fraser's name was canvassed as an ANU National Fellow following his loss in the 1983 federal election.
ANUA 53/4.2.0.213
AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY COUNCIL MINUTES
Minutes, 1964–66
The minutes of 13 March 1964 record the attendance of Fraser at his first meeting as a member of the council. His resignation is noted in the minutes of 11 March 1966 'upon his appointment as Minister for the Army'.
ANUA 198/12
AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY STAFF FILES
Professor Heinz Arndt, 1915–2002
Part 5 of this seven-part file complements the diary Heinz Arndt kept when travelling overseas with Fraser (30 August to 10 September 1980).
ANUA 19/1922 PARTS 1–6 & C
WENDY BRAZIL COLLECTION
Research files, 1980–90
Consists of files accumulated by Wendy Brazil while a research officer with DJ Hamer, Liberal Senator for Victoria (1980–89); includes a small folder on Fraser (1981–86) comprising original and photocopied clippings. Most relate to press reaction to his speech at the launch of a book of his speeches in mid-1986.
NBAC Z372/23
COLIN CAMPBELL COLLECTION
Transcripts and cassette tapes of interviews, 1988–2005
Includes transcripts and cassette tapes of interviews with Australian Government public servants by Professor Colin Campbell. Interviewees were senior officials who worked directly to Fraser, Hawke and Keating.
ANUA 316
FEDERATED ENGINE DRIVERS' AND FIREMEN'S ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALASIA RECORDS
Photographs and posters, 1980–82
In 1980 Fraser visited the construction site for the new Parliament House and was photographed being handed his OK card by a union official. The collection also includes a poster for the 1982 May Day parade, 'Unite against Fraser'.
NBAC N72/706, 1775
GOLDSBROUGH MORT AND COMPANY LTD RECORDS
Maps of pastoral properties, 1909–57
Includes two maps from the Goldsbrough Mort collection relating to the subdivision of the original Nyang station 'by the trustees of the late Sir Simon Fraser' in 1926.
NBAC 2/145/262, NBAC 2/859/116, D282
SEAMEN'S UNION OF AUSTRALIA RECORDS
Cartoons, 1977–81
Cartoons by Mick Gresham and Platton include caricatures of Fraser, particularly in relation to the Utah mining dispute.
NBAC N38/1079–80
WATERSIDE WORKERS' FEDERATION RECORDS
Photographs, 1872–1992
Includes photographs of protests against Fraser, such as the Labour Day protest in Brisbane in 1982.
NBAC Z432/86
SERGE ZORINO COLLECTION
Publications, 1959–85
Publications and other material used in anti-Fraser campaigns are found in the records of Federated Engine Drivers' and Firemen's Association union official Serge Zorino.
NBAC N177
AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY PHOTOGRAPHS
This wide collection includes an envelope of photographs portraying people and events from 1948 to 2005, and has images of Fraser as Minister for Education and Science and Prime Minister taken on various occasions.
At the opening of the Research School of Chemistry, 1968 ANUA 15/183, ANUA 225/83
At the installation of Dr HC Coombs as Chancellor, September 1968 ANUA 225/248, ANUA 226/221
Presenting a $10,000 contribution to the Florey Memorial Fund to Vice-chancellor John Crawford, September 1969 ANUA 225/405
At the Genesis of a Gallery exhibition on campus with protesting students waiting outside, 1977 ANUA 225/414, ANUA 226/303
Malcolm Fraser and his wife Tamie with Dr Stephen FitzGerald on the Great Wall of China, 1976 ANUA 225/414
On the Great Wall of China with John Shaw, 1976 ANUA 226/677
Malcolm Fraser with his 1980 Cabinet on the steps of Government House ANUA 225/414

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Australian War Memorial

The collection of the Australian War Memorial includes records from Fraser's periods as Minister for the Army (1966–68) and Minister for Defence (1969–71), as well as his term as Prime Minister. The collection includes audio, film, photographic and paper files.

Records

RECORDS OF HEADQUARTERS, AUSTRALIAN FORCE VIETNAM (ARMY COMPONENT)
Series: AWM98
Recorded by: 1956–78: Headquarters, Australian Force Vietnam (CA5959)
Headquarters, Australian Force Vietnam – visits – particular 1970 – visit by Minister for Defence (Fraser) (cancelled) AWM98, R875/270/30 PART 1
RECORDS OF CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF
Series: AWM101
Recorded by: 1959–72: Department of the Army, Central Office (CA36)
Brief for minister on re-introduction of military training, July 1966
Includes press statements by Fraser as Minister for the Army (1966), Command Comment publication prepared by US Army Command Information Unit (no. 32, 19 October 1966; no. 35, 27 January 1967; no. 36, 24 February 1967; no. 37, 29 March 1967; no. 39, 31 May 1967; no. 40, 30 June 1967), notes and photocopies of newspaper articles on the Australian Army (1966).
AWM101, 11
CGS papers – civic action controversy General Daley/Fraser/Peacock/Gorton Affair, February–March 1971 AWM101, 21A
RECORDS OF HEADQUARTERS, FARELF (FAR EAST LAND FORCES) AND ANZUK FORCE (AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, UNITED KINGDOM)
Series: AWM200
Recorded by: 1955–71: Department of the Army, Central Office – British Commonwealth Far East Strategic Reserve
Headquarters, Far East Land Forces (FARELF) – visit – Minister for Defence Mr Fraser, June 1970 AWM200, R875-1-289
ADMINISTRATION FILE
Series: AWM315
Visit to Australian War Memorial – Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser, October 1977 AWM315, 864/002/082
Audio
John Malcolm Fraser as Minister for the Army, interviewed by Captain Murray Taylor, 1967
Fraser, on a visit to South Vietnam in 1967, speaks of the reasons for Australia's involvement in the war in South Vietnam and improvements in conditions, particularly in the northern provinces.
SO354
Films
Minister visits Army advisers, DPR/TV/413, 1966
During his visit to Vietnam, Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, inspected elements of the Australian Training Team at Da Nang. He arrived at Da Nang by Caribou aircraft, and after conferring with the Vietnamese Commanding Officer, General Hoang Xuan Lam, boarded a Chinook helicopter. Following a briefing with US senior officers, Fraser visited Australian Army advisers at their centre in suburban Da Nang. He met some of the warrant officers who were advising regional and popular forces in the area, including Noel Stockwell of Puckapunyal, Victoria; Laurie Morrison of Blacktown, New South Wales; and Tom Dolan of Fairfield, New South Wales. Not far from Da Nang, Fraser saw loyal Montagnard tribesmen being trained by Australian Army advisers. After talking to the senior officer, Captain Vin Murphy of Perth, Western Australia, the Minister tried his hand with an M79 grenade launcher before flying back to Saigon. Format: black and white, silent; duration: 3 minutes, 22 seconds; type: 16mm.
F03796
Army Minister visits Kapooka, DPR/TV/345, 1966
Recruits at the Army's 1st Recruit Training Battalion at Kapooka, near Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, received two distinguished visitors on 11 February 1966. A visit to the establishment by the new Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, happened to coincide with a visit by Miss Australia, Sue Gallie. Format: black and white, silent; duration: 3 minutes, 31 seconds; type: 16mm.
F03751
Army Minister Malcolm Fraser visits Da Nang, DPR/TV/413, 1966
Minister for the Army Malcolm Fraser visits elements of the Australian Army Training Team in Da Nang. He arrived at Da Nang by Caribou aircraft and at the Vietnamese headquarters took the salute as the local Vietnamese regimental colours were dipped in his honour. After conferring with Vietnamese Commanding Officer, General Hoang Xuan Lam, the Minister boarded a US Chinook helicopter to visit Australian Army advisers at their centre in suburban Da Nang. Mr Fraser saw Montagnard tribesmen under training, and also examined and fired an M79 grenade launcher before flying back to Saigon. Format: black and white, silent; duration: 1 minute, 20 seconds; type: 16mm.
F10102
Fraser arrives PNG, DPR/TV/604, 1967
During a tour of Army establishments in Papua New Guinea, Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, stopped off at Goroka, in the Eastern Highlands, to meet members of a local detachment of the PNG Volunteer Rifles. Format: black and white, silent; duration: 21 minutes, 12 seconds; type: 16mm.
F03865
Army Minister visits New Guinea, DPR/TV/785, 1968
At Taurama Barracks, Port Moresby, home of the 1st Battalion of the Pacific Islands Regiment, Minister for the Army Malcolm Fraser presented a pipe banner as a personal gift to the pipes and drums of the Battalion. Format: black and white, silent; duration: 7 minutes, 30 seconds; type: 16mm.
F03972
Photographs
The Australian War Memorial holds a selection of photographs of Fraser as Minister for the Army, including the following:
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, visits the 1st Australian Task Force, Nui Dat, South Vietnam, 1967 MISC/68/0019/VN
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, during his five-day tour of Australian bases, South Vietnam, 1967 MISC/68/0041/VN
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, speaks with a Vietnamese woman nursing her child at Hoa Long, 1967 CAM/67/0609/VN
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, lifts up a young Vietnamese boy to see a carton of toys donated by the Returned and Services League's Civic Action Program, 1967 CAM/67/0609/VN
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, holds a young Vietnamese boy at the Hoa Long village, about three miles from the Australian Task Force base at Nui Dat, Vietnam, 1967 CAM/67/0612/VN
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, 1966 MAR/66/0025/HQ
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, inspects a new well at Hoa Long village, about three miles from the Australian Task Force base at Nui Dat, Vietnam, 1967 CAM/67/0611/VN
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, on his arrival at Saigon Airport, Vietnam, 1967 COL/67/0592/VN
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, on his arrival at Saigon Airport, Vietnam, 1967 COL/67/0593/VN
Minister for the Army, Malcolm Fraser, with Lieutenant General Hoang-Xuan Lam, Commanding General of the 1st Corps and the 1st Tactical Zone covering northern province, South Vietnam, 1968 MISC/68/0044/VN
Image 43: Minister for the Army Malcolm Fraser during his five-day tour of Australian bases, South Vietnam, 1967. With him is the Chairman of the Free World Military Assistance Organisation, General Lam (right).

Image 43: Minister for the Army Malcolm Fraser during his five-day tour of Australian bases, South Vietnam, 1967. With him is the Chairman of the Free World Military Assistance Organisation, General Lam (right).
Photographer: Michael Coleridge. Australian War Memorial: MISC/68/0041/VN
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Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House

The list that follows includes selected items from the library and museum collections of the Museum of Australian Democracy. The types of records held include publications, manuscripts, political ephemera, oral history recordings, images, objects and artwork.

Records

Library collection

PUBLICATIONS
The Museum of Australian Democracy's research library has a comprehensive collection of publications by and about Fraser, as well as a complete run of Hansard. The collection can be searched via Trove (trove.nla.gov.au), with 'Australian Prime Ministers Centre' selected as 'my library'.
Common Ground: issues that should bind and not divide us
by Malcolm Fraser (Penguin Books Australia, 2002). Signed by Malcolm Fraser. Barcode: 08354
Killen collection 0923
It Wasn't Meant to Be Easy: Tamie Fraser in Canberra
by Christina Hindhaugh (Lothian Publishing Company, 1986). Signed by Tamie Fraser and Malcolm Fraser. Barcode: 07342
RB 324.092 FRA
ORAL HISTORY RECORDINGS
Jeff Brecht oral history recording
House of Representatives staffer 1969–88; includes recollections of 11 November 1975 and appointment of Fraser as the caretaker Prime Minister. Barcode: 05500; quantity: 2 CDs; duration: 2 hours, 10 minutes.
OHI 50
Wallace Brown oral history recording
Journalist in the Press Gallery; includes recollections of 11 November 1975 and appointment of Fraser as the caretaker Prime Minister. Barcode: 05858; quantity: 2 CDs; duration: 1 hour, 33 minutes.
OHI 52
Dale Budd oral history recording
Private Secretary to Fraser 1970–71 (as Minister for Defence) and 1975–78 (as Leader of the Opposition and Prime Minister). Quantity: 6 CDs; duration: 5 hours, 30 minutes. Permission required.
OHI 221/1/6, OHI 221/2/6, OHI 221/3/6, OHI 221/4/6, OHI 221/5/6, OHI 221/6/6
Cheryl Cartwright oral history recording
Staffer for Fraser. Quantity: 4 CDs; duration: 4 hours, 3 minutes.
OHI 161/1/4, OHI 161/2/4, OHI 161/3/4, OHI 161/4/4
Murray Hanson oral history recording
Liaison Officer for the Leader of the Government in the Senate, August 1975 – June 1978. Quantity: 1 CD; duration: 51 minutes.
OHI 274/1/1
Sir David Smith oral history recording
Official Secretary to five governors-general 1973–1990. Quantity: 4 CDs.
OHI 126
Caroline Cooper oral history recording
Worked in Fraser's office 1976–79 (as Private Secretary to the Press Secretary and later the Chief of Staff); also Private Secretary to Tamie Fraser 1980–83, and worked in Fraser's Melbourne office. Quantity: 2 CDs duration: 1 hour, 47 minutes.
OHI 216/1/1, OHI 216/2/2
Margaret Gaffey (Underwood), Margaret Kelly, Margaret Purcell (Hyslop) oral history recording
Stenographers/switchboard operators during the Menzies era; includes reference to working for Tamie Fraser. Barcode: 02689; quantity: 1 sound cassette; duration: 1 hour, 15 minutes.
OPH OHI 5
Roger Martindale oral history recording
Member of Fraser's security team in 1978. Quantity: 4 CDs; duration: 4 hours, 15 minutes.
OHI 160/1/4, OHI 160/2/4, OHI 160/3/4, OHI 160/4/4
Liberal Rule: The Rt Hon Malcolm Fraser
Member of Fraser's security team in 1978. Quantity: 4 CDs; duration: 4 hours, 15 minutes.
OHI 182/1/1
Sir David Smith, address in Senate Chamber, 7 November 2004
Includes several references to Fraser and the Dismissal. Barcode: 05888; quantity: 1 CD; duration: 1 hour, 3 minutes.
OPH OHI 83
TRANSCRIPT
Prime ministers on prime ministers: Malcolm Fraser
Lecture presented by Fraser on 22 October 1997 at Old Parliament House as part of the 70th anniversary lecture series; includes images taken at the event and text of the address. Barcode: 02404
Image binder
EPHEMERA
For the man who said life wasn't meant to be easy, make life impossible (poster)
1980 election poster for the Communist Party of Australia with caricature of Fraser. Barcode: 13260
Political ephemera Large Format Box 1
Harpoon Fraser, not whales (poster)
Poster from 1980; the Fraser Cabinet passed a draft Bill for the Whale Protection Act in January 1980. Barcode: 12261
Political ephemera Large Format Box 1
National Party (Queensland) (how to vote card)
How to vote card for 1977 election; includes Fraser. Barcode: 13380
Political ephemera Large Format Box 1
Time magazine, 22 December 1975
Features Fraser on the cover; signed by Fraser. Barcode: 13251
Political ephemera Magazines Box 2
Vote Labor – get Australia working again (bank notes)
From 1980 election, bank notes feature image and text relating to Fraser. Barcode: 13257
Political ephemera Election & Referendum Material Box 1
PERSONAL COLLECTIONS
Bayly, Brett, personal collection
Includes two photographs of Malcolm Fraser and Steel Hall (South Australian Premier) at a function in Adelaide, a photograph of Brett Bayly in Indonesia with Prime Minister Fraser, and an audio cassette tape recording of Whitlam and Fraser press conferences.
Personal collection:
Ba-Br
Ewart, Heather, personal collection
Includes a black-and-white photograph of Fraser getting into a car with Heather Ewart, and other journalists and crews door-stopping him regarding the Colour TV Affair when Fraser sacked Michael MacKellar and John Moore. Barcode: 03996
Personal collection: Heather Ewart
Frost, Joan, personal collection
Includes images of Fraser at his 50th birthday party in 1980. Barcode: 03996
Personal collection: Joan Frost. Folder 1
FILES
Numerous copies of House of Representatives departmental files include references to the fit-out of offices that Fraser worked in while at Old Parliament House.

Museum collection

These items are held in secure storage. A minimum of two days notice is required to view these items.

CARTOONS AND ARTWORKS
Cartoon entitled Travel
Hand-drawn cartoon of Fraser by Norm Mitchell, 1970s.
Accession no: 2010-0490
Cartoon of the Dismissal
Signed and dated cartoon by Norm Mitchell of Whitlam and Fraser; depicts Fraser painting Kerr as an angel while Whitlam paints him as the devil.
Accession no: 2008-0017
Cartoon of Malcolm Fraser
By John Frith, c. 1980.
Accession no: 2006-1463
Cartoon Red Nose Day
Cartoon by Geoff Pryor depicting five Australian prime ministers – Fraser, Hawke, Keating, Howard and Rudd – as marble busts wearing 'red noses', while Pryor is shown waving goodbye to the viewer. This was Pryor's last cartoon for the Canberra Times before his retirement in 2009.
Accession no: Prov2008-000F
Four drawings by Tom Thompson
From a portfolio of 30 loose drawings made by Tom Thompson while the House of Representatives was in session from 26 to 28 October 1982; drawings are titled: 'Mr Hayden speaking on his no-confidence motion against Mr Fraser', 'Mr Fraser and Sir Billy Snedden', 'Mr Fraser, the Prime Minister' and 'Anthony and Fraser'.
Accession nos: 2010-0363-4, 2010-0363-14, 2010-0363-21 and 2010-0363-29
Portrait sketch of Malcolm Fraser
Crayon or ochre drawing, done in Montmartre (Paris) by Gauthier (? signature is undecipherable) in 1950.
Accession no: 2010-0415
Screen print of Malcolm Fraser
The Right Honourable JM Fraser by Michael Kempson and Matthew Tome, Sydney, 1999. One of 14 in a folio of screen prints based on the life and times of 14 Australian prime ministers.
Accession no: 2002-1-6
PHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGES
The Fraser Cabinet with HRH Elizabeth ll at Government House
Framed colour photograph, 1981.
Accession no: 2008-0061
Christmas cards, 1976, 1979, 1980 and 1981
Cards from Tamie and Malcolm Fraser to Brett Bayly (press journalist); includes images of Tamie and Malcolm Fraser.
Accession nos: 2006-2318, 2006-2317, 2006-2319 and 2006-2320
Magdalen College freshmen, Oxford, 1949
Black-and-white photograph; includes Fraser.
Accession no: 2010-0414
OBJECTS
Fraser cushion
Brown and cream fabric soft toy made to resemble Fraser; image of Fraser silk-screened onto the fabric, possibly a pin cushion.
Accession no: 2007-2402
Fraser statuette
Resin statuette of Fraser with a ball and chain; inscription on base reads 'Cos life wasn't meant to be easy'.
Accession no: 2009-0012
Marionette theatre puppet
Rod puppet in the form of Fraser; the Great Orlando (Sir John Kerr) and Morton Batman (Fraser) were part of the Marionette Theatre of Australia's collection. The two characters were designed by Patrick Cook for the puppet production, Captain Lazar and His Earthbound Circus.
Accession no: 2008-0015
Pickering Dismissal chess set
Chess set by Larry Pickering in metal, wood and leather depicting the 1975 Dismissal.
Accession no: 2007-0216
Sculpture of Fraser, Kerr and Whitlam
The Dismissal created by John Shakespeare; caricatures of (king) Fraser sitting on a throne, Kerr sits on the armrest holding Fraser's crown, and Whitlam lies on the steps in front with a raised clenched fist. An open copy of the Australian Constitution lies beside Whitlam's hand. The sculpture was commissioned by Old Parliament House for display in an exhibition on the Dismissal in 2000.
Accession no: 2003-61
Telephone used by Malcolm Fraser as Prime Minister
Small light-brown plastic phone with attached angular handset, 12 keypad buttons above five settings keys.
Accession no: 2006-0359
Image 44: Malcolm Fraser addressing the media at the Randwick Racecourse during the 1975 election campaign.

Image 44: Malcolm Fraser addressing the media at the Randwick Racecourse during the 1975 election campaign.
Photographer: Roger Scott. Courtesy Josef Lebovic Gallery, Sydney.
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National Film and Sound Archive

The National Film and Sound Archive holds film and sound collections, from both government and private producers and broadcasters. The collection includes films, television and radio programs, videos, audio tapes, records, compact discs, phonograph cylinders and wire recordings.

Australian Labor Party 1975 federal election campaign – Malcolm Fraser – advertisement
Includes an earlier television interview with Fraser before he became caretaker Prime Minister in November 1975 stating that he strongly believes that a government which continues to have a majority in the House of Representatives has a right to expect it will be able to continue to govern. The advertisement replays this statement three times and concludes with the slogan: 'Shame, Fraser, shame'.
382775
Face the Nation, episode 01/76, 1976
A political current affairs television program hosted by Gerald Stone, includes an interview with Prime Minister Fraser.
15608
Insight, 10 October 1996
Former Prime Minister Fraser speaks on the issues of race and discrimination.
408115
2GB news reports – selections, 1975
Includes a news item regarding Fraser being appointed caretaker Prime Minister.
197751
Prime Minister Fraser – Address to the Nation, 1980
Prime Minister Fraser addresses the nation about the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Australia and the international community's response, and his justification for calling for an athlete boycott of the Moscow Olympic Games.
743733
The Greatest Advertising Campaign this Country's Ever Known, 1976
A documentary on the sacking of Whitlam; footage includes interviews with Fraser and Whitlam. The documentary starts with interviews with the public and coverage of speeches made outside the Sydney Town Hall.
16180
Beyond Mabo Special with Ray Martin, 1993
A current affairs television program in which Fraser is interviewed.
247249
Malcolm Fraser Makes Leadership Challenge, 1974
An animated political satire by Peter Nicholson.
109821
Fraser at his first news conference after his appointment by Sir John Kerr as Prime Minister in the caretaker government, 1975
Fraser makes a speech on the double dissolution, then answers questions from the press.
183306
Life at the Top: a week with Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser, 1977
A documentary-style program covering a week (7 to 13 October 1977) in the life of Prime Minister Fraser. It features a trip to Kalgoorlie and Wollongong, and a lunch held in honour of the Crown Prince and Princess of Jordan. It also features scenes showing the Prime Minister and his advisers during a briefing for Question Time, and an evening meeting with some of Fraser's ministers.
510170
The Dismissal, episodes 1–6, 1983
A six-part miniseries dramatising the events surrounding the sacking by Governor-General Sir John Kerr of the Whitlam Labor government and replacing it with the Coalition government led by Fraser.
62515
2SM news material – Malcolm Fraser tape – covers 6 years – 26 cuts, c. 1975
This series of 26 cuts contains audio by or about Fraser and covers various issues, including Fraser on the election campaign, the boycott of the Moscow Olympic Games and the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
548340
The Big Broadcast, 1932–1982, 1982
A montage of sounds (music, interviews, speeches, advertisements, comedy, political, historical and sporting moments, Australian prime ministers) broadcast between 1932 and 1982, celebrating Australia's broadcasting history. Compiled from source material from ABC Radio.
203493
Former Liberal Prime Minister Fraser speaks on public debate issues of race and discrimination, 1996
Footage from a current affairs television show broadcast on SBS.
408117
Liberal Party films – Malcolm Fraser 517226
Fraser delivering the Liberal and National Party's election policy speech, 1975 183237
Malcolm Fraser interview, 1982 568659
Opening of 31st Parliamentary Session – speech, 1978 295512
Punished not Protected, 2004
An educational documentary series featuring the views of leading Australians and concerned citizens on the effects of government policy on asylum seekers and temporary protection visa holders. Interviewees include Julian Burnside QC, Rev Tim Costello, Father Frank Brennan and Fraser.
599316
Talk to the Giants, 1975–83
School children interviewing Prime Minister Fraser from 1975 to 1983.
782876
This Is Your Life, episode 97/15, George Negus, 1997
Journalist, author and television presenter George Negus is greeted by presenter Mike Munro. Archival footage shown includes an interview excerpt from This Day Tonight with Fraser, an excerpt from 60 Minutes with Margaret Thatcher, and excerpts of Negus presenting Foreign Correspondent.
330867
TCN 9 News, Election '80, Fraser Policy Speech 13045
TCN 9 News, Election '83, Fraser Policy Speech 13046
SBS Opening Program, 24 October 1980
Opening half-hour broadcast of Australia's multicultural television station Channel 0/28 (SBS). Introduced by Bruce Gyngell, the program features excerpts from a variety of programs to be broadcast on the channel and an address by Prime Minister Fraser to officially open the station.
425075
3LO Radio broadcast – Malcolm Fraser addresses the House of Representatives following Whitlam's dismissal (off-air recording), 11 November 1975
Fraser addresses the House of Representatives after the dismissal of Whitlam on 11 November 1975. His speech provides details of how he came to be the 'interim' Prime Minister and his government's plans to call a general election.
301205
Australian National Animal Health Laboratory Project – official opening – first sod turned, 1978
The official opening by Prime Minister Fraser of the Australian National Animal Health Laboratory Project in Geelong, Victoria.
478465
Australian involvement in world politics, the Middle East, c. 1980
A discussion about Fraser's proposals to stop USSR aggression along its southern borders and influence in the Middle East; argues that Fraser's proposals will increase the likelihood of war.
317753
Australian Labor Party election campaign – Question–Answer No. 1 – advertisement, 1975
Whitlam criticises caretaker Prime Minister Fraser for his role in the Dismissal, claiming Fraser has broken the rules of parliamentary democracy. The advertisement ends with the slogan: 'Right the wrong. Reinstate Gough'.
382951
Australian Information Service TV news footage – Commonwealth Heads of Government Regional Meeting, Sydney, 1978
Eleven heads of government from Commonwealth countries in Asia and the Pacific attended the first regional conference of Commonwealth leaders from 13 to 16 February 1978. This meeting was an initiative of Prime Minister Fraser, and covered world and regional issues. Shows views of Sydney from the newly built Hilton, and surrounding vistas at Berida Manor.
57787
Crisis in Canberra, 1975
A political current affairs special presentation combining the resources of News Centre 9, A Current Affair and Federal File. The main issue discussed is the government loans scandal. Several people are interviewed: Gough Whitlam (Prime Minister) Malcolm Fraser (Leader of the Opposition), Phil Lynch (Deputy Leader of the Opposition), and Graham Perkin (editor of The Age).
15171
Exits, 1980
A short fictional film about the sacking of the Whitlam government in 1975. 'On the morning of November 11th, 1975, newspaper headlines promised a “way out” of the ten-week old constitutional crisis brought on by the Senate's refusal to pass government money bills. Prime Minister Gough Whitlam and Opposition leader Malcolm Fraser were at last going to sit down and talk. Journalists now believed there would be a half- Senate election. Instead, at 1pm Governor-General Kerr sacked Whitlam and appointed Fraser as the federal Prime Minister.'
15581
Election '75, 28 November 1975
A nightly update of the 1975 federal election campaign; includes a discussion about what Fraser and Whitlam state is the best way to run the economy.
15486
Federal Election, 1983, 1983
A short film including Queensland Press Club footage with Warwick Beutler from the Macquarie Network, campaign advertisements for the Liberal Party and the Australian Labor Party, and Hawke's 'Bringing Australia together' and Fraser's 'We're not waiting for the world' speeches.
50530
Interview with Malcolm Fraser, National Press Club, 1983
Fraser responds to questions at the National Press Club in Canberra.
527252
Australian Biography – Malcolm Fraser, 1994 279248
'My pal Mal' (with introduction), c. 1982
A satirical song about Prime Minister Fraser, introduced by Eric Bogle.
204149
Parkinson in Australia, Network Ten series, episode 82/01, 1982
The first episode of Parkinson in Australia, interviewees include Malcolm Fraser.
465384
Waltzing Matilda, 1975
An animation depicting the fall of the Whitlam government to Fraser, sung to the tune of 'Waltzing matilda'. Title at the beginning of the film reads: 'On November 11th 1975 the Governor-General Sir John Kerr sacks Labor Prime Minister and installs Malcolm Fraser as caretaker to hold an election'.
8964
Unveiling of plaque, CSIRO headquarters, 1976
Prime Minister Fraser unveils a plaque on the occasion of the CSIRO's 50th anniversary.
478456
Telecom Tower, 1980
A documentary film showing the engineers and workers building the telecommunications tower on Black Mountain in Canberra, and outlining the services it provides for all Australians. It was opened on 5 May 1980 by Prime Minister Fraser. Also highlights various points of interest in Canberra.
565807
Song of Australia: a unique musical extravaganza by Barry Humphries and Carl Davis, 1983
A recording of the Melbourne performance of a musical history of Australia, as seen through the eyes of Dame Edna Everage. Described as an 'educational sonorama' crafted by Barry Humphries and Carl Davis. Track 3: 'Summoned by Malcolm Fraser'.
744997
Sheet Dip – performance of a selection of songs from the sheet music collection of the National Library of Australia, 1998
A musical variety show using National Film and Sound Archive footage and songs selected from the sheet music collection at the National Library of Australia, by John Shortis and Moya Simpson. Performed in the Senate Chamber of Old Parliament House, Canberra, on 14 March 1998.
470717
Rubbery Figures, 1988
The Rubbery Figures programs were made in a small film and puppet studio in Melbourne by Peter Nicholson. They were designed to be the equivalent of a political cartoon on television – funny, topical, quick, biting and informed. The puppets were glove-sized latex puppets generally operated by one person per puppet.
57017
The Secret Country, 1987
A special report by John Pilger of The Daily Mirror examining the treatment of Aboriginal Australians from the time of white settlement to the mid-1980s, in the context of the lead-up to the Australian bicentennial year (1988).
47222
The 1975 Gloomshow, 1975
A spoof of the British comedy program The Goon Show. It follows the events surrounding the dismissal of the Whitlam government in 1975. (This is an amateur recording.)
314879
SBS News – Fraser talks about plans for $166m for the Bicentenary and First Fleet re-enactment, 26 January 1983 102951

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National Library of Australia

Records

Personal papers and organisational records

ARNDT, HEINZ, PAPERS, 1933–2002
Heinz Arndt was an economist who emigrated to Australia in 1946 and was Professor of Economics at Canberra University College (1950–63), and Professor of Economics, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University (1963–80). His extensive papers include correspondence, lecture notes, working papers, conference papers, publications and a long series of diaries. In 1980 he was asked by Prime Minister Fraser to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting at New Delhi and one of his diaries records his 'Round-the world trip with Malcolm Fraser'. Partly restricted.
Series: MS 6641
Quantity: 61 metres (360 boxes)
AUSTRALIAN LABOR PARTY NATIONAL SECRETARIAT, RECORDS, 1917–93
The records of the Australian Labor Party National Secretariat mostly date from the appointment of Cyril Wyndham as the full-time federal secretary in 1963. They contain a great deal of material on the federal elections of 1975, 1977, 1980 and 1983, and many files on such subjects as 'Fraser federalism' (1976) and 'Fraser's broken promises' (1976). Restricted access.
Series: MS 4985
Quantity: 116 metres (577 boxes + 103 cartons)
CAMERON, CLYDE, PAPERS, 1924–2007
Clyde Cameron was a shearer, trade union official, Labor MHR for Hindmarsh (1949–80), Minister for Labour (1972–74), and Minister for Labour and Immigration (1974–75). In later years, he undertook a number of oral history interviews for the National Library of Australia, including one with Fraser. His papers comprise an extensive private correspondence, diaries, speeches, press releases and material relating to the Australian Workers' Union and the Australian Labor Party. There are many letters to and from Fraser, or referring to Fraser, mostly written in the period 1975–96. Partly closed.
Series: MS 4614
Quantity: 32 metres (155 boxes + 114 vols)
COWEN, SIR ZELMAN, PAPERS, 1950–88
On the recommendation of Fraser, the lawyer and academic Sir Zelman Cowen was appointed Governor-General of Australia in 1977 and held the office until 1982. His papers cover his academic career as well as his time as Governor-General. They include speeches, addresses, congratulatory messages, correspondence, programs and visitors' books. Partly restricted.
Series: MS 6736
Quantity: 41 metres (253 boxes + 6 cartons)
ENNOR, SIR HUGH, PAPERS, 1959–77
Sir Hugh Ennor was a biochemist, academic, Secretary of the Department of Education and Science (1967–73), and Secretary of the Department of Science (1973–77). His papers consist of diaries, letters, addresses and publications, mainly dating from the time when Fraser, Nigel Bowen and David Fairbairn were successively ministers for Education and Science. Partly restricted.
Series: MS 5837
Quantity: 1 metre (49 folders)
FIFE, WAL, PAPERS, 1942–85
Wal Fife served in the NSW Parliament from 1957 to 1975 before becoming Liberal MHR for Farrer, New South Wales (1976–84), Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs (1977–79), Minister for Education (1979–82), and Minister for Aviation (1982–83). His papers document his long career in both state and federal politics, including his work in the Fraser government. Restricted access.
Series: MS 7626
Quantity: 76 metres (476 boxes + 4 cartons)
FORBES, AJ, PAPERS, 1942–93
AJ (Jim) Forbes was a soldier, academic, Liberal MHR for Barker, South Australia (1956–75), Minister for Health (1966–71), Minister for Immigration (1971–72), President of the South Australian Division of the Liberal Party (1979–82), and Federal President of the Liberal Party (1982–85). His correspondence includes letters from Fraser, and there are also memorandums, minutes, circulars, correspondence, speeches and published material relating to the Liberal Party, mainly in the period 1979–85. Restricted access.
Series: MS 9875
Quantity: 7 metres (47 boxes)
FRASER, MALCOLM, LETTER, 1976
A letter from Fraser to George Chandler, Director-General of the National Library of Australia, concerning the launching of the Library's US Bicentenary celebration in July 1976.
Series: MS 5138
GARLAND, SIR VICTOR, PAPERS, 1943–93
Sir Ransley Victor (Vic) Garland was Liberal MHR for Curtin, Western Australia (1969–81), Minister for Supply (1971–72), Minister for Posts and Telecommunications (1975–76), Minister for Veterans' Affairs (1977–78), Minister for Trade Representations (1977–79), Minister for Business Affairs (1979–80), and Australian High Commissioner in London (1981–83). His papers mainly relate to his work as a minister in the Fraser government and include correspondence, speeches, electorate papers and printed material. Restricted access.
Series: MS 4989
Quantity: 57 metres (377 boxes)
GORTON, SIR JOHN, PAPERS, 1959–2003
Sir John Gorton was a farmer, Liberal Senator for Victoria (1949–68), Liberal MHR for Higgins, Victoria (1968–75), Minister for the Interior (1963–64), Minister for Works (1963–67), Minister for Education and Science (1966–68), and Prime Minister (1968–71). His papers mainly relate to his prime ministership and his later political and literary activities. They include files on defence (1971), the resignation of Fraser from Gorton's government in March 1971, and Fraser's challenge for the leadership of the Liberal Party in 1975.
Series: MS 7984
Quantity: 12 metres (60 boxes + 3 cartons)
Image 45: Ministers Doug Anthony, Andrew Peacock and Jim Killen at the Liberal Party campaign launch, Moorabbin Town Hall, Melbourne, September 1980.

Image 45: Ministers Doug Anthony, Andrew Peacock and Jim Killen at the Liberal Party campaign launch, Moorabbin Town Hall, Melbourne, September 1980.
Photographer: Andrew Chapman. National Library of Australia: nla.pic-vn4228293.
Enlarge image - View image gallery

GRIFFITH, ALLAN, PAPERS, 1935–98
Allan Griffith was a public servant, consultant and writer. He spent much of his career in the Prime Minister's Department, where he was First Assistant Secretary (1970–78), and subsequently was a foreign policy adviser to Fraser. He was involved in the Zimbabwe peace negotiations and later wrote a book Conflict and Resolution: peace- building through the ballot box in Zimbabwe, Namibia and Cambodia (1998). His papers cover both his official career and his later research and writings on foreign policy. Restricted access.
Series: MS Acc. 01/114, MS Acc. 08/77
Quantity: 4 metres (12 cartons)
HAWKINS, MAX, PAPERS, 1960–83
Max Hawkins was a journalist and for many years the Canberra correspondent of the Brisbane newspaper The Telegraph. His papers consist of files of newspaper cuttings, printed material, notes of interviews and telexes sent to his Brisbane office. There are two files on Fraser (1969–83). Restricted access.
Series: MS 7696
Quantity: 2 metres (13 boxes)
HAYDEN, BILL, PAPERS, 1922–96
Bill Hayden was Labor MHR for Oxley, Queensland (1961–88), Minister for Social Security (1972–75), Treasurer (1975), Leader of the Parliamentary Labor Party (1977–83), Minister for Foreign Affairs (1983–88), and Governor-General (1989–96). He was the author of Hayden: an autobiography (1996). The bulk of his papers relate to the period in which he was Leader of the Opposition and comprise general correspondence, policy documents, briefing papers and speeches. There is a great deal on the Fraser government, including correspondence between Fraser and Hayden (1978–83), 'broken promises' files, and papers on the resignation of Andrew Peacock from the Ministry in 1981. Partly closed.
Series: MS 7624
Quantity: 58 metres (417 boxes)
HOLT, HAROLD, PAPERS, 1959–65
Harold Holt was Liberal MHR for Fawkner, Victoria (1937–68), Minister for Immigration (1949–56), Minister for Labour and National Service (1949–58), Treasurer (1958–66), and Prime Minister (1966–67). This small collection of papers, dating from his time as Treasurer, includes correspondence with Fraser.
Series: MS 9692
Quantity: 0.17 metres (11 folders)
HONE, SIR BRIAN, PAPERS, 1930–80
Sir Brian Hone was the Headmaster of Melbourne Church of England Grammar School (1950–70). He subsequently served on several public bodies, such as the Schools Commission, and was Chairman of the Commonwealth Secondary Schools Libraries Committee (1971–74). Most of his papers relate to this committee and include personal correspondence with the ministers for education, Malcolm Fraser and Kim Beazley. Restricted access.
Series: MS 6823
Quantity: 5 metres (185 folders)
HOWSON, PETER, PAPERS, 1956–90
Peter Howson was Liberal MHR for Fawkner, Victoria (1955–69) and Casey, Victoria (1969–72), Minister for Air (1964–68), and Minister for the Environment, Aborigines and the Arts (1971–72). His papers include correspondence, material on his portfolios, and a long series of diaries (1963–82). The diaries contain many references to Fraser. Selected entries were reproduced in The Howson Diaries: the life of politics (1984).
Series: MS 4697
Quantity: 16 metres (101 boxes)
KELLY, CHARLES ROBERT, DIARIES, 1959–82
Charles Robert (Bert) Kelly was a farmer, Liberal MHR for Wakefield (1958–77), Minister for Works (1967–68), and Minister for the Navy (1968–69). His diaries record his activities as a parliamentarian, party meetings, travels in Australia and overseas, and his passionate interest in free trade and Australia's primary industries. In particular, they describe in considerable detail the events leading to the downfall of Gorton in March 1971, the election of Fraser as Leader of the Liberal Party in March 1975, and the dismissal of the Whitlam government in November 1975.
Series: MS 7424
Quantity: 0.28 metres (2 boxes)
KILLEN, SIR JAMES, PAPERS, 1933–2006
Sir James Killen was a lawyer, Liberal MHR for Moreton, Queensland (1955–83), Minister for the Navy (1969–71), and Minister for Defence in the Fraser government (1975–82). His extensive papers include political and personal correspondence, diaries and journals, speeches, files relating to the Navy and Defence portfolios, subject files, drafts of his books and other writings, files on horse-racing and other outside interests, and scrapbooks and newspaper cuttings. There is a file on Fraser as Minister for Defence (1969–71), and an extensive correspondence between Fraser and Killen (1975–83). Partly closed and partly restricted access.
Series: MS Acc. 07/01
Quantity: 28 metres (186 boxes)
LIBERAL PARTY OF AUSTRALIA FEDERAL SECRETARIAT, RECORDS, 1945–90
Comprises minutes, correspondence, subject files and other records of the Federal Executive, Federal Director, Senior Research Officer and other staff of the Federal Secretariat of the Liberal Party. The papers include material on the 1977, 1980 and 1983 elections, press statements and speeches of Fraser, and correspondence between Fraser and the Federal Director. Restricted access.
Series: MS 5000
Quantity: 624 metres (1425 boxes)
MCMAHON, SIR WILLIAM, PAPERS, 1949–87
Sir William McMahon was a lawyer and Liberal MHR for Lowe, New South Wales (1949–82). He held ministerial posts continuously from 1951 to 1972, including Minister for Labour and National Service (1958–66), Treasurer (1966–68), Minister for Foreign Affairs (1968–71), and Prime Minister (1971–72). His papers relate mostly to these four portfolios and to his later years as a backbencher. They include correspondence with Fraser, mostly in his capacity as Minister for Education and Science. Partly closed.
Series: MS 3926
Quantity: 85 metres (611 boxes)
MENZIES, SIR ROBERT, PAPERS, 1905–78
Sir Robert Menzies was a lawyer, Victorian parliamentarian and minister, MHR for Kooyong, Victoria (1934–66), Attorney-General (1934–39), Prime Minister (1939–41 and 1949–66), and Leader of the Opposition (1943–49). There are relatively few official records in his papers, but he maintained an extensive personal correspondence and also kept diaries, speeches, cutting books, photographs and other papers. In his last years (1971–77) he corresponded with Fraser. Partly closed.
Series: MS 4936
Quantity: 82 metres (687 boxes)
REID, ALAN, PAPERS, 1942–85
Alan Reid was a journalist, the Canberra correspondent of the Daily Telegraph and The Bulletin, and the author of The Power Struggle (1969), The Gorton Experiment (1971) and other books. His papers contain 12 files of newspaper cuttings and telexes on Fraser (1975–81) and seven files on the 1975 constitutional crisis.
Series: MS 7796
Quantity: 6 metres (45 boxes)
RUXTON, BRUCE, PAPERS, 1950–2003
Bruce Ruxton was an outspoken official of the Returned Services League of Australia, and was President of the Victorian branch from 1979 to 2002. His papers consist of correspondence, invitations, programs, newspaper cuttings, printed material and photographs. They include letters from Fraser. Restricted access.
Series: MS Acc. 04/152, MS Acc. 04/260
Quantity: 28 metres (186 boxes)
SAMUEL, PETER, PAPERS, 1962–80
Peter Samuel was a journalist and political commentator, and was the Canberra correspondent of The Bulletin (1966–80). His papers comprise press cuttings, printed material, and drafts of articles, notes and correspondence. They include a box of cuttings, speeches, press statements and drafts of speeches on the downfall of the Whitlam government and the early years of the Fraser government.
Series: MS 3863
Quantity: 16 metres (100 boxes)
SNEDDEN, SIR BILLY, PAPERS, 1941–83
Sir Billy Snedden was a lawyer, Liberal MHR for Bruce, Victoria (1955–83), Attorney-General (1963–66), Minister for Immigration (1966–69), Minister for Labour and National Service (1969–71), Treasurer (1971–72), Leader of the Opposition (1972–75), and Speaker of the House of Representatives (1976–83). His papers contain a great deal of material on the 1972–75 period, including records of Shadow Cabinet meetings and correspondence with Fraser.
Series: MS 6216
Quantity: 37 metres (281 boxes)
SOUTHEY, SIR ROBERT, PAPERS, 1962–94
Sir Robert Southey was a Melbourne businessman with strong cultural and political interests. He held a number of positions in the Liberal Party of Australia, and was President of the Victorian Division (1966–70) and Federal President (1970–75). His papers contain many files of correspondence, minutes and other records of the Liberal Party, mainly from the years 1970–77, including correspondence with John Gorton, William McMahon and Malcolm Fraser.
Series: MS 9901
Quantity: 5 metres (38 boxes)
TANGE, SIR ARTHUR, PAPERS, 1929–2001
Sir Arthur Tange was an economist and public servant, and held the positions of Secretary of the Department of External Affairs (1954–65), Australian High Commissioner to India (1965–70), and Secretary of the Department of Defence (1970–79). His papers cover both his official career, and writings and other activities in his retirement. They include papers on the resignation of Fraser as Minister for Defence in March 1971 and the subsequent downfall of Prime Minister John Gorton.
Series: MS 9847
Quantity: 6 metres (35 boxes)
WARNER, DENIS, PAPERS, 1949–97
Denis Warner was for many years a freelance reporter and commentator on Asian affairs and the author of books on military history and South- East Asia. He also wrote two volumes of autobiography: Wake Me if There's Trouble (1995) and Not Always on Horseback (1997). His papers comprise correspondence, notebooks, reviews, drafts of his books, newspaper cuttings and other research material. There is a file of correspondence with Fraser (1973–79).
Series: 10 metres (71 boxes)
Quantity: MS 9489
WHEELER, SIR FREDERICK, PAPERS, 1924–94
Sir Frederick Wheeler was a public servant, Chairman of the Commonwealth Public Service Board (1960–71) and Secretary of the Treasury (1971–79). His papers consist of correspondence, memorandums, diaries, speeches, and biographical and subject files. The bulk of the papers relate to his time on the Public Service Board and include some letters to Fraser. There are also papers on the 1974–75 Loans Affair, and memorandums and other documents on the creation of the Department of Finance in 1976. Partly closed.
Series: MS 8096
Quantity: 10 metres (42 boxes)
WHITING, BERTRAM, PAPERS, 1939–96
Bertram Whiting was a soldier, beekeeper and poet. In 1948 he married Lorraine Fraser, the sister of Malcolm, and they settled in Italy in 1955. His papers consist of a very long series of diaries and also correspondence, book reviews, art catalogues and photographs. Among the correspondents are Malcolm and Tamie Fraser. Restricted access.
Series: MS 8715
Quantity: 2 metres (14 boxes)

Oral history interviews and other sound recordings

The National Library of Australia has a large oral history collection. It is currently undertaking a project with the Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House to interview a significant number of former parliamentarians. At the time of writing, 58 interviews had been completed and more were under way. A search on the National Library of Australia catalogue for interviews from the 'Old Parliament House Political and Parliamentary Oral History Project' will reveal a number of interviews with parliamentarians, party leaders and activists from the Fraser era.

ANTHONY, DOUG – INTERVIEW WITH MICHAEL RICHARDS, 2010
Doug Anthony was a farmer, Country Party (later National Party) MHR for Richmond, New South Wales (1957–84), Minister for the Interior (1964–67), Minister for Primary Industry (1967–71), Minister for Trade and Industry (1971–72), Minister for Overseas Trade and National Resources (1975–77), and Minister for Trade and Resources (1977–83). He was the Leader of the Country Party (later the National Country Party) (1971–84) and Deputy Prime Minister in the Fraser government. In this interview, Anthony speaks about his early life, his years as a young backbencher, his relations with Robert Menzies and his long career as a minister. He refers frequently to Fraser, including his abilities as Opposition leader, the 1975 election, his style as a Cabinet manager and tendency to interfere with the work of other ministers, his relations with Sir John Kerr and National Party ministers after 1975, the influx of Vietnamese refugees, his attitude to the Treasury and economic reform, the new Parliament House and the 1983 election. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 15 hours, 25 minutes.
Series: TRC 6100/19
AYERS, TONY – INTERVIEW WITH JOHN FARQUHARSON, 1998
Tony Ayers spent many years in the Australian Public Service and was secretary of three departments: Aboriginal Affairs (1979–81), Social Security (1981–86) and Defence (1988–98). He speaks of his early life and work in the Prime Minister's Department and other departments. He comments on the leadership and political acumen of Fraser and the different administrative styles of Fraser, Bob Hawke and Paul Keating. Open for research; written permission required for public use or personal copies during the lifetime of the interviewee. Duration: c. 3 hours.
Series: TRC 3697
BLAND, SIR HENRY – INTERVIEW WITH MEL PRATT, 1975
Sir Henry Bland was a public servant, Secretary of the Department of Labour and National Service (1952–67), and Secretary of the Department of Defence (1967–70). He talks about his early life, post- war reconstruction, the Commonwealth Employment Service, industrial relations, the National Service Act, industrial disputes, the restructuring of the Department of Defence, defence policy, relations with his ministers Allen Fairhall and Fraser, and his activities after he left the public service in 1970. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 11 hours, 48 minutes.
Series: TRC 121/60
BOLTE, SIR HENRY – INTERVIEW WITH MEL PRATT, 1976
Sir Henry Bolte was a farmer, Liberal Member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly (1947–72), and Premier of Victoria (1955–72). He recalls his early life, war service, entry into politics and election as Opposition leader, and his association with prime ministers, premiers, ministerial colleagues and other political leaders over his long career. He refers to the replacement of Billy Snedden as Opposition leader in March 1975 and gives his views on Fraser's future as Prime Minister. Open for research, personal copies and public use (online). Duration: 3 hours, 27 minutes.
Series: TRC 121/73
CARRICK, SIR JOHN – INTERVIEW WITH RON HURST, 1987–90
Sir John Carrick was General Secretary of the New South Wales Division of the Liberal Party (1948–71), Liberal Senator for New South Wales (1971–87), Minister for Education (1975–79), and Minister for National Development and Energy (1979–83). In these very lengthy interviews, Carrick speaks about his childhood, experience as a prisoner of war during World War II, his long career in the Liberal Party organisation, the 1972 election, the dismissal of the Whitlam government, his work as Minister of Education and Leader of the Government in the Senate, and his recollections of Robert Menzies, Harold Holt and Malcolm Fraser. Written permission required for research, personal copies and public use during the lifetime of the interviewee. Duration: 42 hours.
Series: TRC 4900/87
CASTLES, IAN – INTERVIEW WITH NIKKI HENNINGHAM, 2007
Ian Castles was an economist and public servant, and held the positions of Deputy Secretary, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (1975–78), Secretary, Department of Finance (1979–86), and Australian Statistician (1986–94). In this interview he discusses his early life, his work in the Treasury and the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, his assessment of Sir Frederick Wheeler, Sir John Bunting, Gough Whitlam and Malcolm Fraser, and his later involvement in the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. Open for research and personal copies; written permission required for public use within 10 years of the interview. Duration: 2 hours, 15 minutes.
Series: TRC 5790
CHIPP, DON – INTERVIEW WITH BERNADETTE SCHEDVIN, 1987
Don Chipp was a management consultant, Liberal MHR for Higinbotham, Victoria (1960–68) and Hotham, Victoria (1969–77), Minister for the Navy (1968–69), Minister for Customs and Excise (1969–72), Leader of the Australian Democrats (1978–86), and Senator for Victoria (1978–86). He speaks of his early life, business career, entry into politics, work as a minister, his relations with Harold Holt, John Gorton, William McMahon and Malcolm Fraser, his resignation from the Liberal Party in 1977 and the formation of the Australian Democrats. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 13 hours.
Series: TRC 4900/73
COTTON, SIR ROBERT – INTERVIEWS WITH RON HURST, 1987–90
Sir Robert Cotton was Liberal Senator for New South Wales (1965–78), Minister for Civil Aviation (1969–72), Minister for Industry and Commerce (1975–77), and Ambassador to the United States (1982–85). In these interviews he speaks of his family background, his involvement in the timber industry, his work as Minister for Civil Aviation, the Opposition tactics in 1975, and issues he faced as Minister for Industry and Commerce in the Fraser government. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 15 hours.
Series: TRC 4900/86
DEXTER, BARRIE – INTERVIEW WITH STEWART HARRIS, 1993–94
Barrie Dexter was a diplomat and public servant, Director of the Office of Aboriginal Affairs (1968–72), Secretary of the Department of Aboriginal Affairs (1972–77), and the Australian High Commissioner to Canada (1980–83). In this interview he discusses his early life, his diplomatic career, the difficulties of administering the new Department of Aboriginal Affairs and his later involvement in CARE Australia. He refers to Gough Whitlam, Gordon Bryant, Charles Perkins, Malcolm Fraser and other political leaders and officials. Open for research; written permission required for personal copies and public use during the lifetime of the interviewee. Duration: 18 hours, 45 minutes.
Series: TRC 2909
EGGLETON, TONY – INTERVIEWS BY TERRY COLHOUN, 1998–2003
Tony Eggleton was press secretary for Robert Menzies, Harold Holt and John Gorton (1965–71), chief of staff for Malcolm Fraser (1975), Federal Director of the Liberal Party (1975–90), Secretary-General of CARE International (1991–95), and National Director of CARE Australia (1995–96). In these interviews he speaks of his early life in England, his emigration to Australia, and his close association with various Liberal prime ministers, particularly his relations with Fraser. Written permission required for research and public use during the lifetime of the interviewee. Duration: 14 hours, 39 minutes.
Series: TRC 3755
ELLICOTT, ROBERT JAMES – INTERVIEW WITH JOHN FARQUHARSON, 2002
Robert James (Bob) Ellicott was a lawyer, Commonwealth Solicitor- General (1969–73), Liberal MHR for Wentworth, New South Wales (1974–81), Attorney-General (1975–77), Minister for Home Affairs and the Australian Capital Territory (1977–80), and Minister for Home Affairs and the Environment (1980–81). He speaks about his legal career, events leading up to the dismissal of the Whitlam government, his relations with Fraser and resignation as Attorney-General in 1977, and his work as the Minister for Home Affairs and the Australian Capital Territory. Access to be determined. Duration: 15 hours, 28 minutes.
Series: TRC 4842
FORBES, ANTHONY JAMES – INTERVIEW WITH MEL PRATT, 1978
In this interview, Anthony James (Jim) Forbes speaks of his service in the Army in World War II; his early interest in politics; his work as a federal parliamentarian, Minister for the Army and Minister for Immigration; Fraser's performance as Minister for the Army; his time in Opposition as Shadow Minister for Defence; and the deposing of Billy Snedden as Opposition leader by Fraser in March 1975. Written permission required for research, public use and personal copies during the lifetime of the interviewee. Duration: 6 hours.
Series: TRC 121/94
FRASER, ALLAN – INTERVIEW WITH MEL PRATT, 1975
Allan Fraser was a journalist and Labor MHR for Eden–Monaro, New South Wales (1943–66 and 1969–72). He talks about events and people in his long political career, including John Curtin, HV Evatt, JB Chifley, Arthur Calwell and Harold Holt, and compares Robert Menzies and Malcolm Fraser as political leaders. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 1 hour, 49 minutes.
Series: TRC 121/66
FRASER, MALCOLM – ADDRESSES, 1975–91
Recordings of 10 addresses by Fraser at National Press Club lunches in Canberra. They mostly date from his time as Prime Minister, but one was made while Leader of the Opposition and the final one in his capacity as President of CARE International. Open for research and personal copies; written permission from the National Press Club required for public use.
Series: Various locations
FRASER, MALCOLM – INTERVIEW WITH CLYDE CAMERON, 1987
In this lengthy interview, Fraser and his old political adversary Clyde Cameron talk about Fraser's career and their recollections of political events and personalities. Closed access until the end of 2012. Duration: c. 32 hours.
Series: TRC 2162
FRASER, MALCOLM – INTERVIEWS WITH JOHN FARQUHARSON, 1999–2000
In the second of these interviews, Fraser discusses his involvement in the negotiations concerning two CARE Australia workers, Steve Pratt and Peter Wallace, who were imprisoned in Belgrade in 1999. He also refers to the situation in East Timor. TRC 3823: Written permission required for research. TRC 4639: Closed during the lifetime of the interviewee. Duration: 6 hours, 30 minutes; 95 minutes.
Series: TRC 3823, TRC 4639
FRASER, MALCOLM – INTERVIEW WITH JOHN EDWARDS, 1972
Fraser was interviewed by the economist and journalist John Edwards for an article in the Australian Financial Review. He speaks of his early interest in politics, his views on a number of economic questions, and Commonwealth–state relations in education and other fields. Open for research; written permission required for personal copies and public use during the lifetime of the interviewee. Duration: 3 hours.
Series: TRC 168/4
FRASER, MALCOLM – SPEECH, 1977
Speeches by Condor Laucke, Billy Snedden, Malcolm Fraser and Gough Whitlam on the 50th anniversary of the opening of Parliament House in Canberra, 5 May 1977. Open for research; closed for public use.
Series: TRC 545
GORTON, SIR JOHN – INTERVIEW WITH MEL PRATT, 1976
Sir John Gorton talks about his childhood, service during World War II, election to the Senate, work as Minister for the Navy and Minister for Education and Science, election as Leader of the Liberal Party in 1968, issues that he faced as Prime Minister, resignation of Fraser as Minister for Defence in 1971 and the subsequent election of William McMahon as Leader, and the defeat at the 1972 election. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 9 hours, 10 minutes.
Series: TRC 121/78
GUILFOYLE, DAME MARGARET – INTERVIEW WITH BARRY YORK, 2009
Dame Margaret Guilfoyle was an accountant, Liberal Senator for Victoria (1971–87), Minister for Education (1975), Minister for Social Security (1975–80), and Minister for Finance (1980–83). In this interview she speaks of her experiences as a minister in the Fraser government. Closed during the lifetime of the interviewee. Duration: 2 hours, 58 minutes.
Series: TRC 6100/16
HARDERS, SIR CLARRIE – INTERVIEW WITH JOHN FARQUHARSON, 1996–97
Sir Clarrie Harders joined the Attorney-General's Department in 1947 and was Secretary of the department from 1970 to 1979. He talks about his family background and education, and experiences working under nine attorneys-general. In particular, he deals with the 1974–75 Loans Affair and the 1975 constitutional crisis, including discussions between Sir John Kerr and Gough Whitlam, and between Kerr and Fraser. He also refers to the resignation of Bob Ellicott as Attorney-General in the Fraser government in September 1977. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: c. 13 hours.
Series: TRC 3537
HAYDEN, BILL – INTERVIEW WITH DANIEL CONNELL, 2009
In this wide-ranging interview, Bill Hayden speaks about his early life in Queensland, work in the Queensland Police Force, early experiences as a backbencher in the federal Parliament, internal workings of the Labor Party, achievements as Minister for Social Security and Treasurer in the Whitlam government, the consequences of the election of the Fraser government in 1975, and the role of the Governor-General after 1975. There are references to Robert Menzies, Arthur Calwell, Gough Whitlam, Rex Connor, Malcolm Fraser and Bob Hawke. Open for research, personal copies and public use (online). Recorded as part of the Old Parliament House Political and Parliamentary Oral History Project. Duration: 2 hours, 46 minutes.
Series: TRC 6100/3
HENDERSON, PETER – INTERVIEW WITH MICHAEL WILSON, 1994
Peter Henderson had a long career as a diplomat and public servant, ultimately becoming Deputy Secretary (1976–78) and Secretary (1979–84) of the Department of Foreign Affairs. He recalls his experiences in his various posts, particularly in Jakarta and Manila, administrative problems faced by the department, colleagues such as Sir Arthur Tange and Alan Renouf, his dealings as Secretary with Andrew Peacock and Bill Hayden, and the relationship between Peacock and Fraser. Open for research; closed for personal copies and public use until 2020; not available for inter-library loan. Duration: 4 hours, 7 minutes.
Series: TRC 2981/12
HOFFMAN, NORMAN – INTERVIEW WITH ANN-MARI JORDENS, 2008
Norman Hoffman joined the Department of Immigration as a journalist in 1960 and remained associated with the department until 1992. He speaks about his work in the various positions he held and, in particular, his time as Director of the Indo-Chinese Refugee Program in 1977–80. There are references to Ian Macphee, Andrew Peacock, and the attitude of Fraser to the great influx of Vietnamese and other Asian refugees in this period. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: c. 3 hours, 40 minutes.
Series: TRC 5930/9
JONES, BARRY – INTERVIEW WITH GARRY STURGESS, 2011
Barry Jones was a schoolteacher, lecturer, quiz champion, Labor MHR for Lalor, Victoria (1977–98), Minister for Science (1983–90), Minister for Small Business (1987–90), and Minister for Customs (1988–90). In this interview he talks about his childhood, early interest in politics and politicians, his assessment of JB Chifley and Robert Menzies, experiences as a quiz champion, his attempts to enter the federal Parliament, the 1975 constitutional crisis, Bill Hayden and the years in Opposition, the Hawke government, factions within the Australian Labor Party, and the various portfolios that he held. There are references to market reform, the political values of Malcolm Fraser, Fraser's autobiography, and relations between Fraser and Whitlam in later years. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 16 hours, 8 minutes.
Series: TRC 6100/39
MACKELLAR, MICHAEL – INTERVIEW WITH BARRY YORK, 2008–10
Michael MacKellar was an agricultural scientist, Liberal MHR for Warringah, New South Wales (1969–94), Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (1975–79), and Minister for Health (1979–82). In this interview he speaks about his work as a minister in the Fraser government. Written permission required for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 7 hours, 46 minutes.
Series: TRC 6100/30
OPPERMAN, SIR HUBERT – INTERVIEW WITH MEL PRATT, 1975
Sir Hubert Opperman was a champion cyclist, Liberal MHR for Corio, Victoria (1949–67), Minister for Shipping and Transport (1960–63), Minister for Immigration (1963–66), and Australian High Commissioner to Malta (1967–72). He talks of his career as a cyclist, his election to the federal Parliament, his experiences as Government Whip (including recollections of Fraser as a young backbencher), and his work as a Cabinet minister. Open for research, personal copies and public use (online). Duration: 9 hours, 45 minutes.
Series: TRC 121/61
POLITES, GEORGE – INTERVIEW WITH ROB LINN, 2005
George Polites was an industrial advocate, Executive Director of the Australian Council of Employers Federations (1959–78), and Director- General of the Confederation of Australian Industry (1978–83). He speaks about his early life and involvement in industrial relations; his relations with industrial and trade union leaders and various governments; the strengths and weaknesses of the Australian industrial relations system; recollections of Arthur Calwell, Clyde Cameron, Bob Hawke and Bryan Noakes; the approach of Fraser to industrial relations problems; and the rise of a 'new conservatism' hostile to industrial regulation. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 2 hours, 10 minutes.
Series: TRC 5442
REID, MARGARET – INTERVIEW WITH BARRY YORK, 2009–19
Margaret Reid was a barrister, Liberal Senator for the ACT (1981–2003) and President of the Senate (1996–2002). Her interview contains many references to Fraser. Written permission required for research, personal copies and public use until 2020. Duration: 4 hours, 16 minutes.
Series: TRC 6100/15
RENOUF, ALAN – INTERVIEW WITH MICHAEL WILSON, 1993
Alan Renouf was a diplomat and public servant, Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs (1974–77), and Australian Ambassador to the United States (1977–79). He talks of his long diplomatic career; his association with HV Evatt, Percy Spender, Paul Hasluck, Robert Menzies and other political leaders; the role of the secretary in the department; Fraser's visit to China and Japan in 1976; and Renouf's move to Washington in 1977. Open for research, personal copies and public use (online). Duration: 4 hours, 57 minutes.
Series: TRC 2981/6
SAMUEL, PETER – INTERVIEW WITH MEL PRATT, 1973
Peter Samuel, the political correspondent of The Bulletin, speaks in this interview of his involvement in student politics; his work on the Canberra Times, The Bulletin and The Observer; the Vietnam War and Australian defence issues; the Gorton government and the resignation of Fraser in March 1971; and the McMahon government. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 4 hours, 16 minutes.
Series: TRC 121/47
SNEDDEN, SIR BILLY – INTERVIEWS WITH BERNADETTE SCHEDVIN, 1983–87
In this series of 54 interviews recorded over four years, Sir Billy Snedden discusses his entire political career, from his election to the House of Representatives in 1955 until his retirement in 1983. There are numerous references to Fraser and his government. Some examples are the changing relationship between Fraser and John Gorton in 1968–71, his attitude to William McMahon, Fraser's challenge to Snedden as Leader of the Opposition in March 1975, the Opposition's tactics in 1975, Fraser's role in the blocking of supply, Snedden's views on the role of Speaker, his assessment of the Fraser Ministry, Fraser's relations with his ministers and senators, the resignation of Phillip Lynch as Treasurer in 1977, Fraser's new federalism, and the defeat of the government at the 1983 election. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: c. 61 hours.
Series: TRC 4900/57
SNEDDEN, SIR BILLY – INTERVIEW WITH CATHERINE SANTAMARIA, 1976
Sir Billy Snedden speaks of his family background, his early interest in politics, and his work as Attorney-General, Minister for Labour and National Service, Treasurer and Leader of the Opposition. He discusses his relationship with Robert Menzies and subsequent prime ministers, and also his relations with public servants such as Frederick Wheeler and John Stone. There are many references to Fraser, including his relationship with John Gorton. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 14 hours, 8 minutes.
Series: TRC 455
STREET, TONY – INTERVIEW WITH ROB LINN, 2009
Tony Street was a farmer, Liberal MHR for Corangamite, Victoria (1966–84), Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations (1975–78), Minister for Industrial Relations (1978–80), and Minister for Foreign Affairs (1980–83). He speaks of his early life, his life in politics, his work as a minister in dealing with industrial and later international problems, and the defeat of the Fraser government in 1983. Closed during the lifetime of the interviewee. Recorded as part of the Old Parliament House Political and Parliamentary Oral History Project. Duration: 2 hours, 13 minutes.
Series: TRC 6100/7
TURNBULL, REGINALD JOHN DAVID – INTERVIEW WITH TONY HANNAN, 1983 TRC 4900/4
Dr Reginald Turnbull was a medical practitioner, Member of the Tasmanian Legislative Assembly (1946–61), and Independent Senator for Tasmania (1962–74). He recalls his career in local, state and federal politics, and his association with various political leaders including Fraser. Open for research, public copies and personal use. Duration: 3 hours, 49 minutes.
Series: TRC 4900/4
WILSON, IAN – INTERVIEW WITH SUSAN MARSDEN, 2009
Ian Wilson was a lawyer, company director, Liberal MHR for Sturt (1966–69 and 1972–93), Minister for Home Affairs and the Environment (1981–82), and Minister for Aboriginal Affairs (1982–83). He speaks about his family background; recollections of Robert Menzies, Harold Holt, Hubert Opperman and Gough Whitlam; his work as a minister in the final years of the Fraser government; how decisions were reached by the Prime Minister and Cabinet; and his strong interest in heritage issues. Open for research, personal copies and public use (online). Recorded as part of the Old Parliament House Political and Parliamentary Oral History Project. Duration: 4 hours, 54 minutes.
Series: TRC 6100/1
WOOD, IAN – INTERVIEW WITH RON HURST, 1984
Ian Wood was a travel agent and Liberal Senator for Queensland (1950–78). He talks about his early life, his travel business, elections, the role of the Senate, John Gorton, William McMahon, Lionel Murphy, Gough Whitlam, the election of Fraser as Leader of the Liberal Party in March 1975, and events leading to the dismissal of the Whitlam government. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 12 hours.
Series: TRC 4900/84
WRAN, NEVILLE – INTERVIEW WITH DIANA GIESE, 2000
Neville Wran was a lawyer, Australian Labor Party Member of the New South Wales Legislative Council (1970–73), Labor Party Member of the Legislative Assembly (1973–86), and Premier of New South Wales (1976–86). He speaks about his early life and education, his relations with notable legal figures in Sydney, Labor Party factions, challenges that he faced as Premier, litigation and his later appointment as Chairman of CSIRO. He refers briefly to his relations with Fraser – 'a thorn in each other's side' – and negotiations with Fraser to hold the World Expo in Sydney. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: c. 4 hours, 20 minutes.
Series: TRC 4628
YEEND, SIR GEOFFREY – INTERVIEW WITH ROBERT HYSLOP, 1990
Sir Geoffrey Yeend was an officer in the Prime Minister's Department from 1950 to 1986, becoming Deputy Secretary in 1972 and Secretary in 1978. He discusses his early career in the public service, his time as Private Secretary of Robert Menzies and the role of the Prime Minister's Department, and refers to the different styles of Malcolm Fraser and Bob Hawke in conducting Cabinet business. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 3 hours.
Series: TRC 2595/6
YOUNG, SIR HAROLD – INTERVIEW WITH KEN TAYLOR, 1987
Sir Harold Young was a pastoralist, Liberal Senator for South Australia (1968–83), and President of the Senate (1981–83). He speaks of his early life, his work with rural organisations, his political career, the role of the Senate, and the contribution of Fraser to the establishment of the Australian Defence Force Academy. He also refers to John Gorton, Gough Whitlam, Lionel Murphy and Bert Kelly. Open for research, personal copies and public use. Duration: 6 hours.
Series: TRC 4900/97

Cartoons and other pictorial records

MCCRAE, STEWART, CARTOONS, 1975–80
Stewart McCrae was a cartoonist who had a long association with the Courier-Mail and The Bulletin. His collection contains many original cartoons depicting Fraser, mostly in the period 1975–80, of which 35 are currently available online.
Series: PIC 3994
Quantity: 684 cartoons and cartoon strips
MATILDA COLLECTION, 1981–93
Matilda was a satirical magazine, edited by Robbie Swan and published in Canberra in 1985–86. The Matilda archive contains four photographs and one cartoon of Fraser.
Series: PIC 3663
Quantity: 250 cartoons and sketches, and 350 photographs
MOIR, ALAN, CARTOONS AND DRAWINGS, 1973–2006
Alan Moir is a caricaturist and cartoonist who worked for The Bulletin, Courier-Mail and Sydney Morning Herald. His collection contains several original cartoons featuring Fraser, dating from 1974 to 1976.
Series: Various locations
Quantity: c. 2000 drawings
MOLNAR, GEORGE, CARTOONS, 1955–82
George Molnar was a Hungarian architect who emigrated to Australia in 1939. In 1945 he began to contribute his distinctive fine-line drawings to the Daily Telegraph, and from 1952 to 1984 he was employed as a cartoonist by the Sydney Morning Herald. His collection contains several cartoons of Fraser.
Series: PIC 7345
Quantity: 2472 drawings and cartoons
O'NEILL, WARD, CARTOONS, 1977–2007
Ward O'Neill has contributed cartoons to several Australian and British newspapers, in particular the Sydney Morning Herald (where they often accompanied the political commentaries of Alan Ramsey) and the Australian Financial Review. His collection contains a caricature of Fraser (c. 1977) and a cartoon depicting Fraser and Whitlam (2000).
Series: PIC 9251, PIC 11359
Quantity: 716 drawings
PRYOR, GEOFF, CARTOONS, 1978–2002
Geoff Pryor was the cartoonist for the Canberra Times from 1978 to 2008. His archive contains hundreds of his original cartoons featuring Fraser, 320 of which are currently available online.
Series: Various locations
Quantity: c. 7290 drawings and cartoons
Image 46: <i>Born-again Keynesians</i>, a cartoon by Geoff Pryor, 1982.

Image 46: Born-again Keynesians, a cartoon by Geoff Pryor, 1982.
National Library of Australia: nla.pic-an23098353.
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Chapter 4
Records about Malcolm Fraser in other collections