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Malcolm Fraser: Guide to Archives of Australia's Prime Ministers


Complete notes list

Chapter 1 | Chapter 5

Chapter 1

Malcolm Fraser


1 A strong set of broadly accepted policies and attitudes shared across much of the political spectrum, noted by various people including Paul Kelly in The End of Certainty: power, politics and business in Australia, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1994.

2 Obituary of Sir Simon Fraser, The Age, 31 July 1919 and The Bulletin, 2 August 1919.

3 Accounts of Woolf's campaign appearances can be found in the Perth Morning Herald, 6 February 1901, p. 2; 28 February 1901, p. 3; 2 March 1901, p. 6; 4 March 1901, p. 4; 6 March 1901, p. 2; 11 March 1901, p. 6; 15 March 1901, p. 10. Unless otherwise footnoted, details of Woolf's life are drawn from Una Woolf, 'A letter to you all' (written for her grandchildren in 1980), in the possession of the Fraser family.

4 See, for example, 'Truthful Thomas', Through the Spy-glass: short sketches of well-known Westralians as others see them, Praagh & Lloyd, Perth, 1905, p. 32.

5 Philip Jones, 'A woman for the times in an age of constant change', The Australian, 3 June 1998.

6 Neville Fraser's war diaries are in UMA, 2007.0069.

7 Malcolm Fraser's university notes and essays are in UMA, 2005.0082.

8 Both the draft and final notes for the pre-selection speech are in UMA, 2005.0082, item 1.

9 Fraser's talks for 1954 are in UMA, 2007.0023, item 231.

10 Australia, House of Representatives, Debates, 15 March 1956, pp. 860–3.

11 Australia, House of Representatives, Debates, 1961, pp. 770–3.

12 A transcript of Fraser's tape-recorded notes is in UMA, 2005.0078, item 59. His formal report on the trip 'A visit to the United States, Canada, South Vietnam and Malaysia from 5th May to July 21st 1964', dated 22 July 1964, is in UMA, 2007.0023, item 124. The relevant radio addresses were on 17, 20 and 30 May; 1, 5, 18, 22, 26 and 27 June; and 1, 6 and 21 July 1964, and are in UMA, 2007.0023, item 217.

13 Radio address, 13 April 1967. NAA: M13692, 38.

14 Australia, House of Representatives, Debates, 13 August 1969, pp. 185–93.

15 Speech to State Zionist Council of New South Wales, 16 November 1969. NAA: M1374, 29. Most attribute the first use of the word 'multiculturalism' in politics to a speech by Immigration Minister Al Grassby in 1973. This is not correct. See Mark Lopez, The Origins of Multiculturalism in Australian Politics 1945–1975, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, 2000.

16 Una Fraser Collection, 2008.0058, Herald (Melbourne), August 1969, copy in scrapbook, item 3/1 box 1.

17 Alan Ramsay, 'General says Fraser is disloyal to service', The Australian, 4 March 1971.

18 Australia, House of Representatives, Debates, 9 March 1971, p. 684.

19 'Towards 2000 challenge to Australia', Fifth Alfred Deakin Lecture, 20 July 1971.

20 Australia, House of Representatives, Debates, 22 April 1971, pp. 1928–33.

21 UMA, 2007.0008, item 146.

22 Radio address, 17 August 1975. UMA, 2007.0003, item 22 part 1.

23 Radio address, 13 April 1975. UMA, 2005.0072, item 9.

24 Shadow Ministry Record, 15 October 1975. UMA, 2006.0022.

25 The figures on which this assessment of the Fraser record is based are in 'Statement 10: historical Australian Government data', Budget Paper No. 1: budget strategy and outlook 2009–2010, budget.gov.au/2009-10/content/bp1/html/index.htm, accessed 22 May 2012.

26 A more detailed explanation of the Fraser record on financial deregulation, with full references to the relevant Cabinet documents, can be found in chapters 10 and 16 of Malcolm Fraser and Margaret Simons, Malcolm Fraser: the political memoirs, The Miegunyah Press, Carlton, 2010.

27 Australian Population and Immigration Council, Immigration Policies and Australia's Population, Green Paper, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1977.

28 MJR MacKellar, Australia's Immigration Policy, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1978.

29 Speech to inaugural meeting of the Institute of Multicultural Affairs, 30 November 1981.

30 L Engledow, Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, Discussion paper, May 1978. NAA: A10756, LC 1366 (Part One).

31 Australia, House of Representatives, Debates, 1 June 1976, pp. 2735–45.

32 'The Commonwealth Accord on South Africa (The Nassau Accord) Lyfod Cay, Nassau, 20 October 1985', in Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons, Mission to South Africa: the Commonwealth report, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1986.

33 Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons, Mission to South Africa: the Commonwealth report, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1986.

34 Malcolm Fraser, Speech to CARE gala dinner, Melbourne, 2 May 2002, unimelb.edu.au/malcolmfraser/speeches/nonparliamentary/caregaladinner.html, accessed 22 May 2012.

Chapter 5

Tamie Fraser


1 Unless otherwise referenced, quotations from Tamie and Malcolm Fraser are drawn from the author's interviews with them conducted in 2007–09, during the preparation of Malcolm Fraser: the political memoirs, The Miegunyah Press, Carlton, 2010.

2 'Youngest ever?', The Sun, 3 June 1954, held in UMA, Malcolm Fraser Collection, 2008.0058.

3 Robert Menzies, letter to Tamie Fraser, 10 December 1975, in the possession of the Fraser family.

4 The Australiana Fund, theaustralianafund.org.au/australian-historical-art-fund-history.html, accessed 22 May 2012.


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