Census and statistics
Section 51 (xi) of the Constitution gave the Commonwealth government responsibility for census and statistics. In 1905, the Census and Statistics Act was passed creating the position of Commonwealth Statistician. The Commonwealth Statistician headed the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (CA 212), which was responsible for collecting statistics, the taking of the census and the publishing of statistical data. In 1974 the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics was abolished and replaced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (CA 1776).
Some records of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (CA 212) and its Victorian Office (CA 1096) are held. The records include statistics of the Victorian colony dating back to 1854, census reports, agricultural statistics, correspondence files and census collection field maps.