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Research Guides


Near Neighbours: Records on Australia's Relations with Indonesia


8. East Timor Records

In March 1999 the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Honourable Alexander Downer, announced that his department was preparing for the early release of records covering Indonesia's incorporation of Portuguese Timor between 1974 and 1976. The release was to take two forms:

  • the publication by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia and the Indonesian Incorporation of Portuguese Timor, 1974–1976, which includes copies of the most important material in the department's historical documents series; and
  • the release by the National Archives of the original Commonwealth records covering Indonesia's incorporation of Portuguese Timor between 1974 and 1976 under the accelerated release provisions of the Archives Act 1983.

In September 2000, 313 Commonwealth files about East Timor, together with 14 audio tapes with partial transcripts and over 80 photographs, were made available for public access by the National Archives of Australia under the accelerated release provisions of the Act.

The records given accelerated release deal with events that occurred in 1974–76, from Portugal's announcement of its intention to withdraw from East Timor to President Suharto's ratification of legislation integrating East Timor with Indonesia in 1976.

Included among these records are items dealing with the deaths of five Australia-based journalists at Balibo in October 1975.

The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade examined the East Timor records before their release to ensure that those containing sensitive material were not made available. Records in this category will not be available until they reach the 30-year open access period, when they will then become subject to the review and appeal provisions of the Archives Act.

Among the records exempt from release were the following:

  • Cabinet records and any records revealing Cabinet deliberations;
  • records containing intelligence material;
  • records containing information that, if released, could reasonably be expected to damage Australia's international relations; and
  • records containing information that, if disclosed, could reasonably be expected to endanger the physical safety or life of any person.

Appendix 6 provides further information about the process of accelerated release of records.

CORRESPONDENCE FILES, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES CLASSIFIED, 1957–
Canberra and Sydney
This series was described in Chapter 3. Nineteen A1209 files from the 1974–76 period were subject to accelerated access. They consist mainly of copies of cables that are also on files held by the Department of Foreign Affairs, where much of the policy-making on East Timor was done.
Series: A1209
Quantity: 790 metres in Canberra and 343 metres in Sydney
Recorded by: 1957–71: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (CA 12)
Prime Minister's visit to Indonesia, Easter 1974, 1973–77 A1209, 1973/6855
Prime Minister's visit to Indonesia, August–September 1974, 1974–77 A1209, 1974/7005
The future of Portuguese Timor, policy, 1974–75 A1209, 1974/7573
The future of Portuguese Timor, policy, 1975 A1209, 1975/346
The future of Portuguese Timor, policy, 1975
4151572
A1209, 1975/1856
Portuguese Timor, humanitarian assistance, 1975 A1209, 1975/1953
The future of Portuguese Timor, policy, 1975 A1209, 1975/1967
The future of Portuguese Timor, policy, 1975 A1209, 1975/2681
East Timor, activities of Australian journalists, 1975–76 A1209, 1975/2257
The future of Portuguese Timor, policy, 1976 A1209, 1976/55 parts 1–6
East Timor, activities of Australian journalists, 1976 A1209, 1976/564 part 1
East Timor, involvement of Australian citizens in political or military activities, 1977 A1209, 1975/2258
Timor, humanitarian assistance, 1977 A1209, 1976/132 part 2
Timor, humanitarian assistance, 1978 A1209, 1976/132 part 1
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, MULTIPLE NUMBER SERIES, 1948–89
Canberra

This series was described in Chapter 2. It is organised into a multiple number system, where the primary number of the item control symbol represents a country, region or main subject. The primary numbers of files given accelerated access represent the following subject areas:

  • 49: Portugal
  • 526: Post Liaison Unit operating policy, administration and activities
  • 596: Defence
  • 906: United Nations General Assembly
  • 935: United Nations Fourth Committee
  • 1490: Legislation and legal inquiries
  • 1520: Protection of Australians overseas
  • 3006: South-East Asia
  • 3034: Indonesia
  • 3038: Portuguese Timor

The released files tend to have overlapping date ranges and a certain amount of duplication. To find all related correspondence it is necessary to look at all relevant file groups.

Parts 21, 22, 25 and 26 of 3038/10/1 are missing. See Appendix IV of Australia and the Indonesian Incorporation of Portuguese Timor, 1974–1976 see Appendix 2 for details of this publication.

Series: A1838
Quantity: 3,435 metres
Recorded by: 1948–70: Department of External Affairs [II], Central Office (CA 18); 1970–87: Department of Foreign Affairs, Central Office (CA 1382); 1987–89: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Central Office (CA 5987)
Portuguese Timor, general information, 1946–75 A1838, 3038/1/1 part 1
Portuguese Timor, external relations, foreign policy, including UN United Nations interests and other countries' assessments, 1953–76 A1838, 3038/7/1 parts 1–15
Portugal, relations with Australia, 1961–74 A1838, 49/1/3 part 5
Regional defence, defence of Pacific, East and South-East Asia, 1961–74 A1838, 696/5 part 2
Portuguese Timor, general information, 1963–75 A1838, 3038/1/1 part 2
Portuguese Timor, 1963–76 A1838, 935/17/3 parts 2, 3, 12–19
Portuguese Timor, relations with United Nations, 1963–76 A1838, 3038/9/1 part 1
Portuguese Timor, relations with Australia, general, 1963–77 A1838, TS3038/10/1
Indonesia, relations with Portuguese Timor, 1965–76 A1838, 3006/4/3 parts 4–21
Indonesia, relations with Portugal, 1965–85 A1838, 3034/11/64 part 1
Portuguese Timor, political, general, 1970–76 A1838, 3038/2/1 parts 4–16
Portuguese Timor, Australian relations with, and policy towards, Portuguese Timor, 1971–76 A1838, 3038/10/1 parts 5–46
Portugal, foreign policy, general, 1971–77 A1838, 49/1/1 part 2
Portugal, foreign policy, Portuguese Timor, 1971–77 A1838, 49/2/1/1 parts 2–9
Defence cooperation with Indonesia, 1972–75 A1838, 696/2/2/1 part 11
Indonesia, Australian representation, despatches, 1973–77 A1838, 3034/10/6/9 part 1
Defence cooperation with Indonesia, 1974 A1838, 696/2/2/1 part 10
Indonesia, relations with Australia, official discussions, 1974 A1838, 3034/10/1/8 part 4
Visitors to Indonesia, Senator Willesee, 1974 A1838, 3034/10/11/21 part 2
Visit to Indonesia, Prime Minister Mr Whitlam, 1974 A1838, 3034/10/11/24 part 2
Visit to Indonesia, Prime Minister Mr Whitlam, 1974 A1838, 3034/10/11/24 part 3
Portuguese Timor, 1974–75 A1838, 3038/10/1 part 1A
Regional defence, defence of Pacific, East and South-East Asia, 1974–75 A1838, 696/5 part 3
Australian–Timorese relations, Jose Martins, 1974–76 A1838, 3038/10/13/1 part 1
Correspondence relating to Portuguese Timor, 1974–76 A1838, 3038/10/1/1 parts 1–16
East Timor, Mr Jose Martins, 1974–76 A1838, 3038/10/13/1 annex 2
Ministerial statements, 1974–76 A1838, 3038/10/1/3 part 4
Political parts and groups, East Timor, 1974–76 A1838, 3038/2/2 part 2
Portugal, relations with Australia, 1974–77 A1838, 49/1/3 part 6
Submissions to Ministers and briefs on Portuguese Timor, 1974–78 A1838, 3038/10/1/2 parts 1–5
Indonesia, press coverage, 1975 A1838, 3038/13/10/2 part 1
Indonesia, press coverage, 1975 A1838, 3038/13/10/2 part 2
Portuguese Timor, other posts cables from, 1975 A1838, 3038/7/1 annex B
Post liaison, Crisis Task Group Portuguese Timor evacuation, situation in Portuguese Timor, 1975 A1838, 626/2/9/4/1 part 1
Protection, Portuguese Timor, general, 1975 A1838, 1520/54/1/1 part 1
Timor, evacuation, 1975 A1838, 696/5/2 part 1
UNGA 30 United Nations General Assembly, Fourth Committee, Portuguese Timor, 1975 A1838, 906/30/14 part 1
Political parts and groups, 1975 A1838, 3038/2/2 part 1
UNGA 30, Fourth Committee, Portuguese territories, 1975 A1838, 906/30/14/3 part 1
UNGA 30, Fourth Committee, Portuguese Timor, 1975 A1838, 906/30/14/3 part 2
South-East Asia, Portuguese Timor, relations with Australia, Australian aid, 1975–76 A1838, 3038/13/10/14 part 1
South-East Asia, Portuguese Timor, relations with Australia, missing deaths of Australian journalists, 1975–76 A1838, 3038/13/12/4 part 1
South-East Asia, Portuguese Timor, relations with Australia, missing deaths of Australian journalists, 1976 A1838, 3038/13/12/4 part 2
Defence cooperation with Indonesia, 1975–76 A1838, 696/2/2/1 part 12
Government statements on Portuguese Timor, 1975–76 A1838, 3038/10/1/3 part 3
Portuguese Timor, relations with United Nations, 1975–76 A1838, 3038/9/1 part 2
Protection, Portuguese Timor, missing journalists, 1975–76 A1838, 1520/54/1/2 parts 1–4
UNGA 30, Fourth Committee, Portuguese Timor and Angola, 1975–76 A1838, 906/30/14/3 part 3
Portuguese Timor, pro-Fretilin activities in Australia, 1975–76 A1838, 3038/10/3 part 1
South-East Asia, Portuguese Timor, relations with international organisation, United Nations Security Council, 1975–76 A1838, 3038/13/9/1/1 part 1
Portuguese Timor, general information, 1975–77 A1838, 3038/1/1 part 3
Portuguese Timor, visits of Australian officials to Portuguese Timor, 1975–77 A1838, 3038/10/11/2 part 2
East Timorese–Australian relations, Australian interests in Timor, Australian journalists, 1975–77 A1838, 3038/10/12/4 parts 1–4
Indonesia, relations with Australia, official discussions with Indonesia, 1975–78 A1838, 3034/10/1/8 part 5
Timor, evacuation, 1975–78 A1838, 696/5/2 part 2
Indonesian–Australian relations, 1975–78 A1838, 3038/13/10/1 parts 1–5
East Timor, relations with Australia, prime ministerial letters to President Soeharto, 1975–82 A1838, 3038/10/1/7 part 1
Regional defence, defence of Pacific, East and South-East Asia, 1975–84 A1838, 696/5 part 4
Portuguese Timor, visits to Australia of governors, officials and citizens, 1975–84 A1838, 3038/10/10/2 part 2
Government statements on Portuguese Timor including parliamentary statements and answers, Government and Opposition, 1976 A1838, 3038/10/1/3 part 5
Government statements on Portuguese Timor including parliamentary statements and answers, Government and Opposition, 1976 A1838, 3038/10/1/3 part 6
Indonesia, press coverage, 1976 A1838, 3038/13/10/2 part 3
Indonesia, press coverage, 1976 A1838, 3038/13/10/2 part 4
Portuguese Timor, pro-Fretilin activities in Australia, 1976 A1838, 3038/10/3 part 2
Portuguese Timor, other posts cables from, 1976 A1838, 3038/7/1 annex A
Portuguese Timor, pro-Fretilin activities in Australia, 1976 A1838, 3038/10/3 part 3
East Timor, Mr Jose Martins, 1976 A1838, 3038/10/13/1 annex 1
Timor, Dalrymple in Darwin 2/75, 1976 A1838, 3038/10/1 part 32A
Portuguese Timor, other posts cables from, 1976 A1838, 3038/7/1 annex C
East Timor, Senate Select Committee and JFAD Committee, 1976–77 A1838, 3038/10/1/5 part 1
Australian aid to Portuguese Timor, 1976–77 A1838, 3038/10/15 part 1
Australian aid to Portuguese Timor, 1976–77 A1838, 3038/10/15 part 4
Australian–Timorese relations, Jose Martins, 1976–79 A1838, 3038/10/13/1 part 2
Legal inquiries, international law, reparation claims, deaths of Australian journalists, 1976–80 A1838, 1490/6/36 part 1
Political parts and groups, East Timor, 1976–81 A1838, 3038/2/2 part 3
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, MULTIPLE NUMBER SERIES FIRST UNIFORM POST SYSTEM, LISBON, 1970–74
Canberra
These records comprise the main filing system of the Australian Embassy, Portugal from 1970. The records deal with all aspects of post administration; consular functions, including immigration activities; economic and trade relations; aid and training matters; the internal and external affairs of the host country and other countries within the post's representation; reporting and visiting responsibilities; and background information on Australia.
Series: A10005
Quantity: 7 metres
Recorded by: 1970–74: Australian Embassy, Portugal Lisbon (CA 8158)
Portuguese Timor, defence, 1973–76 A10005, 202/1/2
Timor, visits by Australian officers to East Timor, 1974 A10005, 202/1/1/2
Portuguese Timor, negotiations and constitutional developments, 1974–76 A10005, 202/1/1 annexes 1A–4
Timor, negotiations and constitutional developments, 1974–76 A10005, 202/1/3 parts 1–21, 23, 28, 30, 31, 41–43
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, TWO NUMBER SERIES, 'LA' LEGAL ADVISER PREFIX, 1975-1977
Canberra
This series consists of correspondence files created by the Office of the Legal Adviser within the Department of Foreign Affairs, Central Office. The records deal with issues referred to the Legal Adviser, including administrative matters, treaties, international law and Law of the Sea.
Series: A10461
Quantity: 2.25 metres
Recorded by: 1975–77: Department of Foreign Affairs, Central Office (CA 1382)
Consular miscellaneous, legal adviser, Timor, five journalists, 1976 A10461, LA5/2
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, MULTIPLE NUMBER SERIES, SIXTH SYSTEM SECOND UNIFORM POST SYSTEM, DJAKARTA/JAKARTA, 1974–
Canberra
Series: A10463
Quantity: 32 metres
Recorded by: 1974–: Australian Embassy, Republic of Indonesia Djakarta/Jakarta (CA 2744)
Australia–Indonesia defence relations, West Kalimantan mapping project, 1969–70 A10463, 822/3/5 part 1
Portuguese Timor, 1974–76 A10463, 801/13/11/1 parts 1–24
Jakarta, Portuguese Timor, press, 1974–76 A10463, 801/13/11/3 part 1–7
Prime Minister's visit to Indonesia, E G Whitlam, 1974–79 A10463, 828/4/1 part 2
Portuguese Timor, Balibo affair, 1975 A10463, 801/13/11/5 part 1
Portuguese Timor, Balibo affair, 1976 A10463, 801/13/11/5 part 2
UNREGISTERED PAPERS ON EAST TIMOR ACCUMULATED IN SOUTH-EAST ASIA BRANCH, 1999
Canberra

The Historical Documents Unit created this series from unfiled papers retained by the department's Indonesian Section and its predecessor, the South-East Asia Branch. The series contains original versions of several key documents and quasi-personal letters exchanged between the Ambassador in Jakarta, Richard Woolcott, and senior officers in Canberra, which were not placed on departmental files.

Following a press leak in early 1975, documents on Portuguese Timor were subject to strict security and were mostly retained in the South-East Asia Branch rather than on files in the department's registry system.

The central registry of the Department of Foreign Affairs did not approve of this practice and set up a run of files on which any copies of documents that came its way were put. Apparently the bulk of the papers held by the South-East Asia Branch were placed on the registry files. However, some of the branch head's unregistered files containing cables received from various overseas posts remained, together with a number of loose papers, in a secure filing cabinet in the Indonesia Section until 1998.

Of the 15 items registered in A11443, item 11 'Indonesia, Timor, Indonesia/Australia, relations, policy, special documents, cables, correspondence' is missing, while items nos 13 and 15 were not included because they contain material created after the accelerated release's end date of 17 July 1976.

Series: A11443
Quantity: 0.54 metres
Recorded by: 1999: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Central Office (CA 5987)
Portuguese Timor, 1974 A11443, 1
Meeting between Prime Minister and President Soeharto at Yogyakarta and Wonosobo, 6 September 1974 A11443, 2
Discussions between Prime Minister and President Soeharto, Townsville, 3–5 April 1975 A11443, 3
Mr J Dunn, proposed visit to Portuguese Timor, August 1975 A11443, 4
Discussions with Almeida Santos, 1 September 1975 A11443, 5
Richard Alexander Woolcott, personal letters, 1975–77 A11443, 6
East Timor, article by Bruce Juddery, 1976 A11443, 7
Relations with Indonesia, draft telegraph to Woolcott, 1975 A11443, 8
East Timor, Prime Minister's visit to Indonesia, October 1976 A11443, 9
Private letters on East Timor, Mr Feakes and Mr Parsons, 1974–78 A11443, 10
Official talks and Minister's visit to Jakarta, records of conversations, 1976 A11443, 12
Timor, caveat material, documents, 1974–76 A11443, 14
TAPE RECORDINGS AND TRANSCRIPTS, INTERVIEWS WITH EAST TIMORESE WITNESSES CONCERNING THE DEATHS OF AUSTRALIA–BASED JOURNALISTS IN 1975, 1976
Canberra

This series consists of 14 tape recordings and one file of partial transcripts, which were held by the Indonesia Section of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade until 1998. There is some duplication of material.

In 1976 Foreign Affairs officers Allan Taylor, David Rutter and Richard Johnson recorded interviews with witnesses to some of the circumstances leading to the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in Balibo in mid-October 1975.

Discussions were held in Balibo on 29 April 1976 with Francisco Xavier Lopes da Cruz, Chairman, UDT Timorese Democratic Union, who also acted as interpreter; Thomas Goncalves, APODETI Commander at Balibo on 16 October 1975; Joao Travares, UDT Commander at Balibo on 16 October 1975; and other local officials.

Additional interviews were conducted in Atambua on 9 May 1976 with Lay Kam Nhag, owner of the house in Balibo allegedly occupied by the journalists; Guilherme Maria Goncalves; Thomas Goncalves; and Joao Travares. The interpreter was Mario Carrascalao, UDT leader and member of the Provisional Government of East Timor.

A variety of languages, including Portuguese, Tetum, English and French, can be heard on the tapes. The sound quality of the tapes is variable. All tapes, with the exception of no. 12, which was unable to be played, were re-recorded onto compact disc by the National Archives in September 2000. The compact discs are available for access; the original cassettes are not.

Series: A11683
Quantity: 0.27 metres
Recorded by: 1976: Department of Foreign Affairs, Central Office (CA 1382)
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses Lopes da Cruz, Thomas Goncalves and Mr Travares, 1976
This item deals with the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in 1975. There is one cassette, with side A marked 'BALIBO 1 29/4/76' and side B, 'BALIBO 2 29/4/76'.
A11683, 1
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses Lopes da Cruz, Thomas Goncalves and Mr Travares, 1976
This item deals with the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in 1975. It is a cassette, with side A marked 'BALIBO 3'.
A11683, 2
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses, 1975–76
This item deals with the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in 1975. It is a cassette titled 'BALIBO Tape 1, side 1 and side 2'.
A11683, 3
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses Rajah of Atsabe, Thomas Goncalves and Mr Travares, 1976
This item deals with the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in 1975. It is a cassette titled 'BALIBO Tape 2, side 1 and side 2'.
A11683, 4
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses Thomas Goncalves and Mr Travares, 1976
This item deals with the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in 1975. It is a cassette titled 'BALIBO Tape 3, side 2 comprises interview with Lay Kam Nhag at Atambua'. This item appears largely to be a duplicate of A11683, 13.
A11683, 5
Thomas Goncalves and Mr Travares, 1976
This item is a cassette of interviews with East Timorese witnesses to the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in 1975. The cassette is labelled 'BALIBO 9/5 Tape 1/11/2'.
A11683, 6
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1975, 1976
This is a cassette labelled 'BALIBO 9/5/76, Tape 2/1, 2/2'.
A11683, 7
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1975, 1976
This is a cassette labelled 'BALIBO Atambua 9/5/76, Tape 3/1'.
A11683, 8
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1975, 1976
This is a cassette labelled 'Interview with Jose Martins', dated 10 May 1976.
A11683, 9
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1975, 1976
This is a cassette labelled 'Timor, Guido dos Santos by Manati, Jolliffe and Dunn'.
A11683, 10
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1975, 1976
This is a cassette labelled 'Timor, Guido dos Santos by Manati, Jolliffe and Dunn, Dili'.
A11683, 11
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1975, 1976
This is a cassette labelled 'BALIBO First Visit'.
A11683, 12
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1975, 1976
This is a cassette labelled 'BALIBO Second Visit, part two'. This item is largely a duplication of A11683, 5.
A11683, 13
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1974 – reel labelled '1', reboxed, interview with Jose Martins, 1946 A11683, 14
Interviews with East Timorese witnesses concerning the deaths of Australia-based journalists in 1975, 1976
This is a cassette labelled 'Interview with Jose Martins'. This item is largely a duplication of A11683, 9.
A11683, 15
COLOUR PHOTOGRAPHIC NEGATIVES AND CONTACT PRINTS OF EAST TIMOR, TWO NUMBER SERIES, 1999
Canberra
This series consists of colour photographs taken by Foreign Affairs officers Allan Taylor, David Rutter and Richard Johnson who visited East Timor in April and May 1976 to investigate the deaths of five Australia-based journalists at Balibo in mid-October 1975. During these visits, four rolls of film were shot. This series consists of the four rolls of negatives and related contact prints. Some negatives are missing and others appear to be under- or over-exposed. No detail is evident for the latter group of negatives.
Series: A11692
Quantity: 0.18 metres
Recorded by: 1999: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Central Office (CA 5987)
Colour contact prints taken by Foreign Affairs officers investigating the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in Balibo in October 1975, 1976 A11692, 1
Aerial view, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/4
Helicopter, internal shot including passenger, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/5
Helicopter, internal shot, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/6
Aerial shot of East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/7
Aerial shot of approach to East Timor showing mountains with coastline bottom left, 1976 A11692, 1/8
Aerial shot of approach to East Timor showing mountains and coastline, 1976 A11692, 1/9
Aerial shot of bay with boats, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/10
Aerial shot of bay with boats, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/11
Shot from the helicopter, terrain, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/12
Approaching Balibo from Batugade, shot from the helicopter, 1976 A11692, 1/13
Aerial shot, Administrator's house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/14
Aerial view of Balibo, the roads to Cova, Batugade and Maliana are indicated, 1976 A11692, 1/15
Aerial view of Balibo, 1976
This photograph shows the fortress in the upper right corner. Also shown is the Chinese house where some European bodies were found.
A11692, 1/16
Aerial view of Balibo, 1976
In this photograph the concrete areas at the back of the corner Chinese house and of the building marked 'Hotel Mimosa' can be seen.
A11692, 1/17
Aerial view of the fortress and the Administrator's house, 1976 A11692, 1/18
Aerial shot, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/19
Aerial shot, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/20
Aerial view of the fortress, 1976
The hospital can be seen in the lower left of this photograph, while above it are the steps leading to the fortress from the Batugade road.
A11692, 1/21
People outside house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/22
The Chinese house in Balibo, 1976
This photograph is of the house where four European bodies were allegedly found.
A11692, 1/23
People outside house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/24
Outline of the word 'Australia' at the right of the main door, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/25
The Cova side of the house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/26
Interior with people, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/27
Photograph of part of the repaired roof of the house East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/28
One of the front windows in the Chinese house East Timor from the inside, 1976 A11692, 1/29
Part of the outside wall of the end room on the Batugade side with signs of charring above the window, 1976 A11692, 1/30
Damage to the floor in the end room on the Batugade side, house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/31
East Timor house, 1976
This photograph shows what appears to be part of the slogan Falentil est sempre ao lado do povo Maubere Falentil is always with the Maubere people written on a wall.
A11692, 1/34
Over-exposed negative, possible interior shot, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 1/35
Colour contact prints, 1976
These prints were taken by Foreign Affairs officers investigating the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in Balibo in October 1975.
A11692, 2
View from the top of the fortress looking down the coast, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/1
House with lattice, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/2
Landscape with tree on right-hand side, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/3
Landscape with animals and tree on right-hand side, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/4
The hill on the western side of the Cova road over which the UDT forces were said to have come, 1976 A11692, 2/5
Landscape with hut, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/6
The hill on the eastern side of the Cova road over which the Apodeti forces were said to have attacked, 1976 A11692, 2/7
House and pole with people, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/8
House on which the words 'Hotel Mimosa' were written, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/9
The truck said to have been parked outside the house East Timor at the time of the battle, 1976 A11692, 2/10
The truck said to have been outside the house East Timor at the time of the battle, close-up showing damage, 1976 A11692, 2/11
House from distance, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/12
Group shot, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/13
Group on ground taken from inside helicopter, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/14
Aerial view of terrain, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/15
Aerial view of terrain, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/16
Aerial view of terrain, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/17
Aerial view of terrain, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/18
Aerial view, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/22
Aerial view, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/23
Aerial view, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/24
Aerial view, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/25
Aerial view, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 2/26
Colour contact prints, 1976 A11692, 3
Countryside around Balibo, 1976
These prints were taken by Foreign Affairs officers investigating the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in Balibo in October 1975.
A11692, 3/1
Countryside around Balibo with road running right to left in middle distance, 1976 A11692, 3/2
Countryside around Balibo, 1976 A11692, 3/3
Countryside around Balibo with a group of people standing on roadway in foreground, 1976 A11692, 3/4
Countryside around Balibo with road in lower left corner, 1976 A11692, 3/5
Road leading to Balibo, 1976 A11692, 3/6
Exterior of building with people, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/7
Roadway with large group of people standing in middle distance, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/8
Group of people outdoors, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/9
Bathroom window at the back of the house showing charring, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/10
Concrete area at the back of the house that Mr Lay Kam Nhag said was formerly an annex, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/11
The wall above the door leading into the end room on the Cova road side, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/12
Interior of Chinese house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/13
Underexposure, no details evident, 1976 A11692, 3/14
Interior of Chinese house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/15
Interior of house from the main room towards the end of the room on the Batugade road side, corrugated iron partition had not been there when Mr Lay Kam Nhag left Balibo, 1976 A11692, 3/16
Interior of Chinese house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 3/17
Colour contact prints taken by Foreign Affairs officers investigating the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in Balibo in October 1975, 1976 A11692, 4
Balibo scene, roadway and house, 1976 A11692, 4/1
Balibo scene, roadway and steps on right, 1976 A11692, 4/2
Balibo scene, roadway, 1976 A11692, 4/3
Balibo scene, roadway, 1976 A11692, 4/4
Balibo scene, roadway, crowd in background and truck at left, 1976 A11692, 4/5
Balibo scene, house, crowd and large tree, 1976 A11692, 4/6
Balibo scene, house with signs of charring above windows, and local people, 1976 A11692, 4/7
Balibo scene, roadway with hill in background, house and figure, 1976 A11692, 4/8
Balibo scene, roadway with hill in background, 1976 A11692, 4/9
Balibo scene, figures, 1976 A11692, 4/10
Balibo scene, small crowd in front of house with charring above windows, 1976 A11692, 4/11
Balibo scene, house, 1976 A11692, 4/12
Under-exposure, no details evident, 1976 A11692, 4/13
Under-exposure, no details evident, 1976 A11692, 4/14
Group of three people, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 4/15
Group of three people, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 4/16
Aerial view, road at left leads to house, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 4/17
Aerial view, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 4/18
Helicopter internal and aerial view, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 4/19
Aerial view of coastline from aeroplane window, East Timor, 1976 A11692, 4/20
COPY OF THE TAYLOR REPORT OF 26 MAY 1976, VISITS TO BALIBO IN APRIL AND MAY 1976, 2000
Canberra

In April and May 1976, three Foreign Affairs officers from the Australian Embassy in Jakarta Allan Taylor, David Rutter and Richard Johnson visited East Timor with the agreement of the Provisional Government, to investigate the deaths of five Australia-based journalists at Balibo in mid-October 1975.

These officers interviewed a number of witnesses and visited Balibo on 29 April 1976 and 9 May 1976. During their investigation they shot four rolls of film, which, along with related contact prints, are registered as A11692. Twenty-six photographs taken during the 1976 visits appear in their report. The three officers also recorded a number of interviews with witnesses. The tapes, and some partial transcripts, are registered as A11683.

The official report of their investigations, entitled Visits to Balibo April/May 1976, was submitted to the Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs on 26 May 1976. Copies of the report were provided in 1976 to the families of the dead journalists and a copy was lodged in the Federal Parliamentary Library.

Series: A11697
Quantity: 0.36 metres
Recorded by: 2000: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (CA 5987)
Visits to Balibo, April–May 1976
Report by Foreign Affairs officers Allan Taylor, David Rutter and Richard Johnson into the deaths of five Australia-based journalists in Balibo in mid-October 1975.
A11697, 1

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