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Papua New Guinea Records 1883–1942: Microfilm Collections


2 British New Guinea Records, 1884–1906

Image 2: <i>Tonda W D ready to shoot bow</i>, July 1926, from the collection of glass plate negatives of ethnological photographs mainly taken by F E Williams.

Image 2: Tonda W D ready to shoot bow, July 1926, from the collection of glass plate negatives of ethnological photographs mainly taken by F E Williams.
NAA: A6003, 104.1b
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British New Guinea, the area later known as Papua, was declared a Protectorate in 1884 and became a colony in 1888. It technically remained a colony until the Australian government assumed responsibility for the area in 1906, renaming it Papua. In fact, during this period the administration and responsibility was spread in a confused way between the British government and various Australian colonies. This confusion was undoubtedly one reason for the lack of effective development and disordered administration of this period.

The records show the problems the various administrations had with the lines of command and control, particularly in the early years, with the referral of even routine decisions to the English Secretary of State and the Governor of Queensland. After Australian Federation in 1901 the records show the slow transition to control by the Australian government with material beginning to be referred to the Governor General. Also noticeable is the concern with land and labour and the desire to make the area self supporting as soon as possible. For more detail about the administrative context of the records see Appendix 4.

LETTER FROM SECRETARY OF STATE TO H H ROMILLY, 1883

Hugh Hastings Romilly was the British Deputy Commissioner for the Western Pacific and was one of the major personalities involved in raising the British flag in British New Guinea in 1884, before the Protectorate was formally declared. After the death of Sir Peter Scratchley in 1885, Romilly acted as Administrator of British New Guinea until 1886. In 1887 he was appointed Deputy Commissioner of the New Hebrides which he ran from Port Moresby until his resignation in 1890.

Series: G18
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Deputy Commissioner (CA 1289)
OUTWARD LETTER BOOK, 'HOME CORRESPONDENCE' TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE, 1885–88

A single volume of letters, known as 'despatches', from the Special Commissioner to the British Secretary of State covering a wide variety of topics. The volume includes an alphabetical index.

Series: G4
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of the Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
NEW GUINEA LETTER BOOKS, SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, COLONIES AND GENERAL, 1885–88

The first volume of these letter books is labelled, 'Colonies', the second, 'General'. It is thought that the General Letter Book originally bore the number 2. The letters cover a wide variety of administrative topics in both volumes. Volume 1 dates from January 1885 to August 1888. Volume 2 covers the period from January 1885 to April 1888 but also includes October 1884. The volumes relate to a number of other series of records as Volume 2 contains answers to letters in series G8, G9, G16, G20 and G11 but it does not contain copies of the telegrams and letters in series G22 and G23. There is an index in front of the first volume.

Series: G5
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
LIST OF OUTWARDS CORRESPONDENCE, 1885

A single file titled 'Schedules to Lord Derby of despatches' with a list of outward correspondence. The correspondence is numbered from 1 to 51.

Series: G6
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
FILES OF SPECIAL PAPERS, DRAFTS AND COPIES OF CORRESPONDENCE TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE, 1885

This correspondence, which often includes the drafts as well as the final copies, covers a wide variety of subjects. Even routine requests for employment would be referred to the British Secretary of State. Topics covered include advice to England that the colonial governments, normally New Zealand and Australia, were to be consulted on a topic, the use of code in correspondence and even subjects such as the purchase of a steamer from England. Most correspondence is handwritten and the drafts can be difficult to read. Most messages are from Sir Peter Scratchley who had been a Major-General in the British Army and was highly regarded as an administrator. He arrived in the Protectorate in 1885 and died of malaria the same year after a number of achievements including establishing Port Moresby as the seat of government.

Series: G7
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
FILES OF SPECIAL PAPERS, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1885

These 30 files cover a variety of topics relating to the administration of British New Guinea 1882 to 1886. The bulk of letters received by the Special Commissioner were given an annual single number as they were received. Some were kept in this series but the majority are found in G9, which covers the 'Letters Inward', from 1885 to 1887.

Series: G8
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
'LETTERS INWARD' ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1885–87

The bulk of letters received by the Special Commissioner were given an annual single number as they were received. Most of the letters were filed in this series. However, some letters with annual single numbers were filed in G8, Files of special papers, annual single number series. The majority of replies to the letters in this series are filed in G5, the copies of New Guinea Letters, single number series covering 'Colonies and General', with a few draft replies remaining in this series. In G10, the drafts of outwards papers and letters, there are references to inwards letters for August 1885 (eg a letter of 20 August 1885 to Chambers Bruce and McNab refers to their letter of '18th instant'). Presumably these would have been registered in this series. However, there is a gap from June to September 1885, thus making it impossible to cross check the filing system.

Series: G9
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
DRAFTS OF OUTWARDS SPECIAL PAPERS AND GENERAL LETTERS, 1885

These drafts, completed in August 1885, cover a number of topics. Some are replies to inwards letters in G8, the 'Special Papers', annual single number series from 1885 and these show, where relevant, the G8 file number. Other drafts show in their text they are replies to letters received. They are presumably replies to letters registered in G9, the annual single number series of inward letters from 1885 to 1887. However as there is a gap of June to September 1885 in G9, it is impossible to check. Most of the final version of these draft letters in G10 can be found in G5, the copies of the New Guinea letters, single number series covering 'Colonies and General' from 1885 to 1888.

Series: G10
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
FILE OF SPECIAL PAPERS, COPIES OF PRINTED PAPERS FOR USE OF SPECIAL COMMISSIONER, 1885

This file contains a number of papers such as the appointment of the Commissioner, costs of the Government, and administrative organisation of the Territory. There is also a copy of a memorandum submitted for the consideration of the Australasian Governments.

Series: G15
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
LETTERS INWARD, ALPHABETICAL SERIES, 1885

These letters are almost all applications for employment with a few more general ones relating to matters such as settlement in New Guinea. There is no trace of any replies to these incoming letters in series G5, presumably the applications for employment were given a standard rejection letter.

Series: G17
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
COPY OF SPECIAL COMMISSIONER'S PROGRAMME, 1885

This a programme for the movements of the Special Commissioner compiled on the 18 October 1885. The programme plans for the Commissioner to leave Australia 21 October, arrive in Port Moresby the end of October and then tour a number of islands until the end of November 1885.

Series: G19
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
FILES OF SPECIAL PAPERS, UNREGISTERED, 1885–87

The twenty four files in this series cover a variety of routine topics such as arrival of ships, explorations and trips, and some building work. They are organised by year, or year and month of the first folio on file although there are some inconsistencies.

Series: G21
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Assistant Deputy Commissioner (CA 1291)
COPY OF OUTWARD TELEGRAM, 1885

A copy of an outward telegram from Sir Peter Scratchley to Reverend Lawes in Cooktown saying simply 'Bon Voyage'. It would seem to be a private message which probably explains why it was not entered with the official telegrams in the 'Letter Books' in the series G5.

Series: G22
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
COPY OF OUTWARD LETTER, 1885

A copy of an outward letter from Sir Peter Scratchley to Mr Douglas in Wellington concerning the possibility of employment for Mr Douglas and raising ideas for a mail service between Cooktown and Port Moresby. It seems partly a personal letter which could explain why it was not entered in G5, the New Guinea Letter Books, single number series, covering 'Colonies and General' from 1885 to 1888.

Series: G23
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
BRITISH PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE, 1885

A copy of British Parliamentary Papers numbers C4273, C4276 and C4290 of 1885. They were sent by the British Secretary of State to the Office of the Special Commissioner of the British New Guinea Protectorate.

Series: G24
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
CONFIDENTIAL CORRESPONDENCE FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS BY THE SPECIAL COMMISSIONER, 1885

These two files have three messages on confidential matters, eg codes and cyphers used by the Government, and each is individually acknowledged by the Special Commissioner.

Series: G25
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS BY THE SECRETARY OF STATE OF CORRESPONDENCE RECEIVED, 1885

This folder contains acknowledgments by the British Secretary of State of Despatches No. 18 to 33, and a copy of No. 34. There is also a letter relating to Despatch No. 34, and a copy of a pamphlet.

Series: G26
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
FILE OF SPECIAL PAPERS, COPY OF SCHEDULE AND SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE, 1885

The telegraphic messages 'despatches' in this series were incorporated in Despatch No. 8 of 7 February 1885 (see G4, the outward Letter Book for 'Home Correspondence', correspondence to the Secretary of State, item 1, folios 13 and 14).

Series: G28
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
MEMORANDUM RELATING TO PERSONNEL REQUIRED FOR STAFF OF SPECIAL COMMISSIONER, 1885

The memorandum refers to the provision of 'Goa Boys' (Indian servants) required for the personal staff of Special Commissioner General Scratchley. Internal evidence dates it to 1885. Only two pages survive, but there would have been at least a third page.

Series: G42
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
NOTES RELATING TO THE ROYAL COMMISSION INTO 'RECRUITING POLYNESIAN LABOURERS IN NEW GUINEA AND ADJACENT ISLANDS', 1885

A single folio recording notes of a conversation between the Office of the Special Commissioner and a Mr Lawes regarding the Royal Commission into recruiting Polynesian Labourers for New Guinea and adjacent islands.

Series: G43
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
LETTERS INWARD, SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1885

These letters all deal with applications for employment. All the requests were refused on the 17 January 1885. They are the same as the letters in series G49 except for being answered on a different day.

Series: G48
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
LETTERS INWARDS, SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1885

Fifteen letters, applications for employment, all rejected between 25 and 29 January 1885. The routine refusal of these requests and those in G48 presumably explains why no record of replies to these letters exists in item 2 in series G5, the New Guinea Letter Books covering Colonies and General matters.

Series: G49
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
APPLICATION TO PROCEED TO BRITISH NEW GUINEA, 1885

A form of undertaking by an applicant for permission to proceed to British New Guinea.

Series: G57
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
PAPERS RELATING TO SHIPPING AND STORES, 1885–87

Five folders holding papers which deal with shipping and stores, covering matters such as sale of schooners, robbery of boats and shipping agreements.

Series: G58
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Assistant Deputy Commissioner (CA 1291)
FILES OF INWARDS CORRESPONDENCE, UNREGISTERED, 1886–88

The bulk of letters received by the Special Commissioner were given an annual single number as they entered the office. The majority of the letters were then filed and given a registration number in G9 Letters Inward, 1885–87. Other material, presumably considered less important, was not registered and was collected in this series.

Series: G20
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1886–87 Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290); 1887–88 Office of Deputy Commissioner (CA 1289); 1888 Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
FILES RELATING TO SAMARAI ISLAND, 1886–88

The papers appear to have been produced as background material to be read by the Administrator (Mr McGregor) on 24 December 1888 during a visit to the township of Samarai on Samarai Island, also known around this time as 'Dinner Island'. McGregor made notes on many of the papers.

Series: G14
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1886–88 Government Station, Samarai/Dinner Island – Eastern Division (CA 1292); 1888 British New Guinea, Office of the Administrator (CA 1294)
FILE OF SPECIAL PAPERS, SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1886

The contents of the file apparently relate to appendixes E and F of the Annual Report, 1886. The file includes drafts of letter to Lawes of 7 July 1886 (entered in volume 2 of G5, the single number Letter Books series covering 'Colonies and General') and Despatch No. 32 of 11 July 1888 (entered in G4, the Outward Letter Book covering 'Home Correspondence'). No letters with a sequence of numbers from the annual single numbers in the G9 series of 'Letters Inward' are included in the file.

Series: G16
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm (Canberra)
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
STATION LETTERS AND INSTRUCTIONS RECEIVED FROM COMMISSIONER, 1886–87

This is a folder of letters and instructions for Mr G Hunter at the Rigo Station. Rigo appears to have been a typical Government Station of the period in the Central Division of New Guinea. These letters and other messages are those received from the Assistant Deputy Commissioner, the Deputy Commissioner and the Special Commissioner.

Series: G41
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm
Recorded by: Government Station, Rigo (CA 1293)
COPY OF PERMIT TO CUT AND EXPORT TIMBER, 1886

A copy of a permit to cut and export timber issued to Theodor Weislein and two associates on 20 March 1886.

Series: G56
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm
Recorded by: Office of Assistant Deputy Commissioner (CA 1291)
COPIES OF PRINTED PAPERS, 1886–87

The series consists of three papers. The first is a Declaration demarcating the British and German spheres in the Western Pacific. The second is an 1886 Report on British New Guinea. The last is a report on the French mission on Yule Island in 1887.

Series: G122
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
MEMORANDUM ON THE ORGANISATION OF BRITISH NEW GUINEA, 1887

A copy of a private memorandum by the Assistant Deputy Commissioner on certain points connected with the future administrative organisation of British New Guinea.

Series: G123
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
PERMITS TO RESIDE IN BRITISH NEW GUINEA, UNREGISTERED, 1887

All but one of these five permits for permission to reside in British New Guinea are for people engaged in mission work in Yule Island. The exception is for a trader in Port Moresby.

Series: G12
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Assistant Deputy Commissioner (CA 1291)
UNDERTAKINGS BY APPLICANTS FOR PERMISSION TO PROCEED TO BRITISH NEW GUINEA, 1887

The eight documents in this series record the conditions under which individuals were granted permission to proceed to British New Guinea. The majority are for mission work, the rest business undertakings. Some earlier undertakings from 1886 relating to Samarai Island are found in item 1 in the series G14, Files of general correspondence and special papers.

Series: G13
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm of Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Assistant Deputy Commissioner (CA 1291)
VOLUMES OF CORRESPONDENCE FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE, 1888–1903

The first original correspondence to British New Guinea is Number 10 of June 1888. The first general circulars to colonies specifically addressed to British New Guinea are dated 14 August 1888. There are volumes containing circulars prior to this but they have not been addressed to British New Guinea. The earlier circulars appear to have been sent en masse to the Administrator at the time of the establishment of British New Guinea.

Series: G3
Quantity: 5 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1888–95 British New Guinea, Office of the Administrator (CA 1294); 1895–1903 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295)
LETTERS INWARD, STAMPED BUT UNREGISTERED, 1888

These are 53 letters sent to the Office of Special Commissioner covering a wide variety of topics including requests for employment, problems with the mail service and disposal of deceased estates. Answers to these letters can be found in the G5 series of New Guinea Letter Books.

Series: G11
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
OFFICIAL INWARDS CORRESPONDENCE, 1888–1902

Nineteen volumes of official correspondence, mainly handwritten covering letters for other correspondence. Many early letters are from the Governor of Queensland forwarding on, for example, material from the English Secretary of State for the Colonies. Financial matters are common and requests for information about a variety of topics from zoology to request for employment. Eighteen volumes are from the Governor of Queensland covering 1888 to 1901 and, after Federation, one volume from the Governor-General of Australia covering 1901 to 1902.

Series: G31
Quantity: 6 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1888–95 British New Guinea, Office of the Administrator (CA 1294); 1895–1902 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295)
OFFICIAL OUTWARD CORRESPONDENCE, 1888–1907

These 'British New Guinea Despatch Books' are copies of official outward correspondence relating to the administration of the Territory. Topics include detailed reports of patrols with information about tribes discovered and complete reports of expenditure and income. The correspondence is mostly handwritten and sent to the British Secretary of State from 1888 to 1889, to the Governor of Queensland from 1890 to 1901 and to the Australian Governor-General from 1901 to 1907. There are indexes from 1888 to 1896.

Series: G32
Quantity: 4 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1888–95 British New Guinea, Office of the Administrator (CA 1294); 1895–1906 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906–07 Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA1413)
GOVERNMENT SECRETARY'S OATH BOOK, 1888–1906

An oath book recorded by the Government Secretary's Department. It has an index at the front of the volume.

Series: G37
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1888–89 British New Guinea, Office of the Administrator (CA 1294); 1889–1906 Government Secretary's Office (from 1900, Government Secretary's Department; and from 1909, Department of the Government Secretary) (CA 1419)
INWARD LETTERS, UNSTAMPED AND UNREGISTERED, WITH DRAFTS OF REPLIES, 1888

Eighty-eight inward letters received between 1 March 1888 and 31 August 1888 which cover a variety of subjects. The correspondence is mainly with private individuals but includes some official letters.

Series: G59
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm
Recorded by: Office of Special Commissioner (CA 1290)
LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL MINUTES BOOK (BRITISH NEW GUINEA), 1888–1906

This series contains the formal minutes, in a single volume, of the British New Guinea Legislative Council. The minutes of most meetings are very brief. A meeting may have been held, for example, just to formally approve an Ordinance.

Series: G62
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Legislative Council (CA 1415)
EXECUTIVE COUNCIL MINUTES (BRITISH NEW GUINEA AND PAPUA), 1888–1942

The eight volumes remaining in this series are the Minute Books of the Executive Council of British New Guinea and the Executive Council of the Territory of Papua. While Papua was proclaimed in 1906 the titles on the minute books are not changed until 1908. The volume for the period 1913 to 1918 is missing.

Series: G64
Quantity: 3 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1888–1906 British New Guinea Executive Council (CA 1417); 1906–42 Papua Executive Council (CA 1418)
MINUTE PAPERS, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1888–1908

The minute papers cover many topics, of which land grants and land claims are significant, especially in the early years. Other topics include exploration and later years have detailed formal reports from the Armed Constabulary.

Series: G99
Quantity: 5 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1888–1900 Government Secretary's Office (from 1900, Government Secretary's Department) (CA 1419); 1900–01 Lands and Survey Department (also known as Government Survey Office) (CA 1425); 1901–05 Lands, Surveys and Works Department (CA 1426) (CA 1426); 1905–07 Lands and Mines Department (also known as Department of Lands, Mines and Titles, and as Lands, Survey and Mines Department) (CA 1427); 1907–08 Commissioner of Lands, Director of Mines, Agriculture and Public Works (known as the Lands, Mines and Works Department) (CA 1428)
CORRESPONDENCE AND PAPERS FILED BY SUBJECT, 1888

This series consists of 6 files. These are mainly related to the establishment of a station at Samarai, covering matters such as swamp drainage, roads and cottages.

Series: G124
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Assistant Deputy Commissioner (CA 1291)
CORRESPONDENCE AND PAPERS FILED BY DATE, 1888

Two items, the first, dated 1 April 1888, is a letter concerning the conduct of an individual, the other dated 31 May 1888, is the draft of a letter to the Special Commissioner.

Series: G125
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Office of Assistant Deputy Commissioner (CA 1291)
CORRESPONDENCE AND PAPERS, 1888–1906

These files are mainly official correspondence initially chiefly covering staff appointments and survey requests and later including material relating to questions of legal status and interpretation of Regulations. There is also some non official correspondence, for example applications for employment and other papers, for example copies of House of Commons papers relating to the South Pacific and lists of requested library books.

Series: G120
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1888–95 British New Guinea, Office of the Administrator (CA 1294); 1895–1906 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295)
CENTRAL COURT CRIMINAL SESSIONS FILES, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1889–94

This is the main correspondence file series of the Central Court of British New Guinea for this period. These files were maintained by the Chief Judicial Officer, who during the period, was His Honour F P Winter. Each file contains papers used at a single criminal sitting of the Central Court such as complaints, summonses, depositions, statements and notes sent by the (Assistant) Resident Magistrate, who heard the cases in the Court of Petty Sessions then an order for a Central Court Criminal Sessions, formal charges, notes taken by the Chief Judicial Officer during the hearing, lists of cases heard and occasionally papers relating to commuting of sentences or orders for execution. The documents for one Criminal Session are often held within a folded page listing the cases heard during that session.

Series: G185
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Central Court (CA 1440)
CORRESPONDENCE TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE COLONIES, 1889–1906

This volume records outward correspondence from the Office of the Administrator and then the office of the Lieutenant-Governor to the Secretary of State for the Colonies in England. There is an index at the back of the volume.

Series: G29
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm om Canberra
Recorded by: 1889–95 British New Guinea, Office of the Administrator (CA 1294); 1895–1906 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295)
MINUTE PAPERS, FILED BY SUBJECT, 1889–1912

The items in this series cover a wide variety of administrative topics, and, among other subjects, include material relating to Gaols, Financial Estimates and also circulars coving instructions to Resident Magistrates about various topics, for example, forms of communications, speaking to natives in English and payments from Government stores.

Series: G114
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Government Secretary's Office (from 1900, Government Secretary's Department; from 1909, Department of the Government Secretary) (CA 1419)
NATIVE REGULATION BOARD MINUTES BOOK, BRITISH NEW GUINEA, 1890–1909

This book of minutes covers 27 meetings of the Native Regulation Board. These formal minutes are normally short, most a single page, and cover similar material. The book has information on meetings I to XXV and 1/09 to 2/09.

Series: G38
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Native Regulation Board (CA 1421)
INDEX TO CORRESPONDENCE FROM GOVERNOR OF QUEENSLAND, GOVERNOR–GENERAL AND MINISTER FOR EXTERNAL AFFAIRS, 1890–1913

Two volumes which are an index to official correspondence from Australia, specifically the Governor of Queensland (CA 1053), the Governor-General (CA 1) and the Minister for External Affairs (I) (CA 7) of the Australian Government.

Series: G73
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1890–95 British New Guinea, Office of the Administrator (CA 1294); 1895–1906 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906–13 Papua, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413)
UNREGISTERED PAPERS RELATING TO LAND MATTERS, 1890–1911

Material relating to land transactions, including lands ordinances, survey data and surveyors' field-book pages. It includes some reports from the Chief Surveyor and Government Secretary.

Series: G100
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1890–99 Government Secretary's Office (CA 1419); 1899–1900 Lands and Survey Department (also known as Government Survey Office) (CA 1425); 1901–05 Lands, Surveys and Works Department (CA 1426); 1905–07 Lands and Mines Department (also known as Department of Lands, Mines and Titles and as Lands, Survey and Mines Department) (CA 1427); 1907–08 Commissioner of Lands, Director of Mines, Agriculture and Public Works (known as the Lands, Mines and Works Department) (CA 1428); 1909–10 Department of the Commissioner for Lands, Mines and Surveys and the Director of Agriculture and Public Works (CA 1429); 1910–11 Department of the Commissioner for Lands and Surveys and Director of Mines and Agriculture (known as Department of Lands, Surveys, Mines and Agriculture) (CA 1430)
REPORTS FROM OUT–STATIONS – STATION JOURNALS, PATROL REPORTS, CORRESPONDENCE FILES, 1890–1941

A variety of largely administrative material from out-stations, including patrol reports and station journals. Some material is duplicated in series G99 and in G115, G116, G117, G118 and G119.

Series: G91
Quantity: 58 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1890–1941 Government Secretary's Office (from 1900, Government Secretary's Department; from 1909 Department of the Government Secretary) (CA 1419); 1941 Department of the Government Secretary and Native Affairs (CA 1420)
FILE OF DRAFT MINUTES AND REGULATIONS, 1890–1909

A single file containing draft minutes and regulations of meetings of the Native Regulation Board over a period of almost twenty years.

Series: G144
Quantity: 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Native Regulation Board (CA 1421)
ENGAGEMENT BOOK (REGISTER OF SEAMEN ENGAGED), 1891–1942

A chronological record of seamen engaged through the (Sub) Collector of Customs, acting as shipping master at Samarai. Each folio is divided into the following columns: Date; Vessel; Description; Last Ship; Seaman's Name; Capacity; Master's Name. Some of the masters' names have a number (a two-number system with an alphabetical prefix) next to them which appears to be a receipt number.

Series: G164
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1891–1910 Sub-Collector of Customs, Samarai (CA 1444); 1910–42 Collector of Customs, Samarai (CA 1448)
CENTRAL COURT CRIMINAL SESSION FILES, 1894–1903

These 'session' files basically consist of a list of persons tried on a particular day with their sentences. In some cases there is also a covering letter to the Administrator from the Chief Judicial Officer.

Series: G186
Quantity: 4 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Chief Judicial Officer (CA 1440)
APPEALS FROM WARDENS COURTS, 1896–99

Two remaining folders of papers relating to cases of appeals from the Wardens Courts to the Central Court of British New Guinea. The material is described as 'Central Court dockets'.

Series: G189
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Central Court (CA 1440)
SPECIAL CASES FROM WARDENS COURTS, 1896

Only one item is extant in this series. It is a folder of papers, a 'Central Court docket', relating to a 'special case', an appeal against a lease in the gold fields. Questions about the lease raised in one of the Wardens Courts led to it being referred to the Central Court.

Series: G190
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Central Court (CA 1440)
INDEX OF CORRESPONDENCE TO QUEENSLAND AND THE GOVERNOR–GENERAL OF AUSTRALIA, 1896–1907

This index of official outwards correspondence to Australia covers that sent to Queensland from 1896 to 1902 and to the Australian Governor-General from 1901 to 1907. It does not include the Confidential despatches to the Governor-General; these are held in series G35.

Series: G34
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1896–1906 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906–07 Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413)
LISTS OF CENTRAL COURT CRIMINAL SESSION CASES, FORWARDED TO THE GOVERNMENT SECRETARY'S OFFICE, 1896–98

Only 18 lists of Criminal Court Session cases sent to the Government Secretary's Office are still extant. The lists cover cases disposed of at the Central Court Criminal Sessions which were held at various locations in British New Guinea. The lists give the date and place of each session, and also include such information as the case number; name of accused; offence charged; sentence and remarks. Other lists of cases disposed of at Criminal Sessions are also in the Central Court Criminal Sessions files, in series G185 and G186.

Series: G188
Quantity: Not copied, originals held by the National Archives and Public Records Services of Papua New Guinea
Recorded by: Government Secretary's Office (CA 1419)
SCHEDULE OF CERTAIN CLAIMS TO LANDS, 1898–1907

This volume was used as a record of land claims under the Crown Lands Ordinance 1890 and applications for land. It also contains returns of registered 'Instruments of Alteration'.

Series: G60
Quantity: Material not microfilmed, photocopy held in Canberra
Recorded by: 1898–1902 Government Secretary's Office (from 1900, Government Secretary's Department) (CA 1419); 1902–05 Lands, Surveys and Works Department (CA 1426); 1905–07 Lands and Mines Department (known as Department of Lands, Mines and Titles and as Lands, Survey and Mines Department) (CA 1427)
CORRESPONDENCE AND PAPERS FILED BY SUBJECT, 1898–1907

Covers a variety of subjects including annual reports, judicial matters, relations with German New Guinea and naval and military matters.

Series: G121
Quantity: 5 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1898–1906 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906–07 Papua, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413) (CA 1413)
OUTWARD LETTER BOOK, MISCELLANEOUS, 1899–1907

A single book which has handwritten copies of outward letters. The letters are to both private individuals and officials and cover a wide variety of topics from leasing of land and export of botanic specimens to the identity of a deceased European.

Series: G50
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1899–1906 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906–07 Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413)
OUTWARD LETTER BOOK, 'OFFICIAL LETTERS PRIVATE SECRETARY', 1899–1906

Copies of outward official letters of the Private Secretary of the Office of the Lieutenant-Governor. The book also contains copies of three loose letters, one to the Governor of Queensland and two to the Governor-General.

Series: G51
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: CA 1295 (British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor)
LANDS PAPERS, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1899–1924

Twelve folders with a variety of papers providing information about the leasing and survey of land and other related matters.

Series: G92
Quantity: 6 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1899–1901 Lands and Survey Department (also known as Government Survey Office) (CA 1425); 1905–07 Lands and Mines Department (also known as Department of Lands, Mines and Titles and as Lands, Survey and Mines Department) (CA 1427); 1907–08 Commissioner of Lands, Director of Mines, Agriculture and Public Works (known as the Lands, Mines and Works Department) (CA 1428); 1909–10 Department of the Commissioner for Lands, Mines and Surveys and the Director of Agriculture and Public Works (CA 1429); 1910–24 Department of the Commissioner for Lands and Surveys and Director of Mines and Agriculture (known as Department of Lands, Surveys, Mines and Agriculture) (CA 1430)
MINES PAPERS, ANNUAL SINGLE NUMBER SERIES, 1900–01

These papers contain information covering various aspects of mining and dredging.

Series: G93
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Lands and Survey Department (also known as Government Survey Office) (CA 1425)
GOVERNMENT SECRETARY'S OUTWARD 'LETTER BOOKS', 1900–05

Two remaining books with handwritten copies of routine outward correspondence. Most correspondence is official covering such things as interpretation of regulations, transport problems and ships visits. Correspondence with private individuals and companies often concerns land and gold leases. Both volumes have an index.

Series: G36
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Government Secretary's Department (CA 1419)
CONFIDENTIAL COLONIAL OFFICE CIRCULARS, 1900–06

Six files which contain confidential circulars from the British Secretary of State covering, for example, lists of contraband, changes to cyphers and codes and the 'precedency of Foreign Consuls'. Each file has a year's collected circulars.

Series: G46
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1295)
FILE OF INWARDS 'SECRET' CORRESPONDENCE, 1900–01

A single file with a small amount of secret correspondence from the Governor of Queensland to the Office of the Lieutenant-Governor of British New Guinea covering such matters as the amount of rifle ammunition in store.

Series: G139
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1295)
'CONFIDENTIAL' CORRESPONDENCE RECEIVED FROM QUEENSLAND, 1900

One file which contains correspondence from Queensland relating to a recommendation for a knighthood for Mr F Winter.

Series: G140
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilmin Canberra
Recorded by: British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1295)
CENTRAL COURT DOCKETS/RECORDS, CIVIL CASES, 1901–10

Two cases which appear to be the only extant Central Court Civil Case papers. They contain material relating to the case, for example, a writ of Summons, Notice of Defence and notes taken by the Judge during the hearing.

Series: G192
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Central Court (CA 1440)
CORRESPONDENCE IN FOLDERS, INCLUDING ENCLOSURES, 1901–06

Six folders containing correspondence mainly covering financial accounts and reports from Resident Magistrates. There is also a small quantity covering other routine administrative topics such as leasing of land, staff promotions, legal questions and medical summaries. It includes a small amount of material considered confidential at the time such as numbers of aliens and supply of 'grog' to natives.

Series: G44
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1901–06 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906–06 Papua, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413)
UNBOUND CORRESPONDENCE FROM THE GOVERNOR–GENERAL, 1901–06

Correspondence from the Governor-General, the early correspondence is grouped by subject, for example the Tugeri raids of 1902. The later correspondence, from January 1903, is in folders, each covering a period of six months.

Series: G137
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1295)
DEPOSITIONS FOR CRIMINAL CASES COMMITTED TO THE CENTRAL COURT, TRANSMITTED TO THE CHIEF JUDICIAL OFFICER, 1902–08

These depositions for cases involving indictable offences, were transmitted by the Resident Magistrates from the Courts of Petty Sessions to the Central Court. The papers appear to be arranged by their arrival date in the Central Court. The depositions were kept with their covering letters in the envelopes which were annotated. During F P Winter's term as Chief Judicial Officer (1888 to 1903) it appears that the depositions were removed from this series as the particular case came up in the Central Court and were filed in the relevant Central Court Criminal Sessions files, (see series G185 and G186). If a covering letter from a Resident Magistrate enclosed more than one case, it seems that the letter was left in this series; if the letter covered only one it went with the depositions to the relevant sessions file. The notes Winter made during sessions were included in the Central Court Criminal Sessions files with the depositions. This system changed when Winter left office. The next Chief Judicial Officer, C S Robinson (1903 to 1904) and after him Sir H Murray (1904 to 1940) kept court notebooks in which they recorded the proceedings of sessions, (see series G40, G178 and G179). From about 1904 the depositions were left in this series even after they had been heard before the Central Court.

Series: G187
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Central Court (CA 1440)
LICENCE RECEIPT BOOKS RETURNED TO THE TREASURER, 1902–41

These are the duplicate copies of receipts for various licence forms. When the books of receipts were completed the original receipts were sent to the Treasurer. Many of the books have references to cash books. The categories of forms have been sorted into alphabetical order by subject. The subjects covered are: Auctioneer; Beche-de-mer; Births; Boat; Business; Claim; Complaint; Customs; Death; Defence; Discharge; Entertainment; Execution; Family; Field; Fishing; Gold; Goldfield; Health; Lighter; Marriage; Master; Miner; Motor-Vehicle; Native; Pearl-Buyers; Public Curator; Recruiter; Sandalwood; Seamen; Ships; Summons; Timber; Trading; Warrant.

Series: G177
Quantity: 16 rolls of microfilm in Canberra and Sydney
Recorded by: Department of the Treasurer (also known as the Treasury and Postal Department; from c1909–23, the Treasury Customs and Postal Department) (CA 1424)
REGISTER OF QUARTZ AND ALLUVIAL CLAIMS, WATER RIGHTS, MACHINE, BUSINESS AND RESIDENCE AREAS, LOUISIADE GOLD FIELDS, MISIMA, 1902–22

This book served as a Register for Quartz and Alluvial Claims and applications for Water Rights, Machine Business and Residence Areas granted on the Louisiade Goldfield. An index on the first six folios of the volume lists the titles of parts of the Register for each type of entry and the folio numbers for each part. The entries in the index are: Quartz Claims Folios 1 to 20; Claims Alluvial Folios 21 to 40; Water Rights Folios 41 to 60; Machine Area Folios 61 to 70; Business Areas Folios 71 to 80; and Residence Areas Folios 81 to 89.

Series: G222
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Resident Magistrate, South Eastern Division (CA 1443)
PRIVATE SECRETARY'S CORRESPONDENCE' FILES, 1902–05

The four remaining files in this series cover topics ranging from honours to commuting sentences of capital punishment.

Series: G141
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1295)
LANDS PAPERS, FILES BY SUBJECT, 1902–09

Consists of the Department of Lands Annual Report for 1901–02 with associated statements of expenditure and the publication New Handbook of the Territory of Papua, dating from c1909.

Series: G102
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1902–05 Lands, Surveys and Works Department (CA 1426); 1905–07 Lands and Mines Department (also known as the Department of Lands, Mines and Titles and as the Lands, Survey and Mines Department) (CA 1427); 1907–08 Commissioner of Lands, Director of Mines, Agriculture and Public Works (known as the Lands, Mines and Works Department) (CA 1428); 1909 Department of the Commissioner for Lands, Mines and Surveys and the Director of Agriculture and Public Works (CA 1429)
OUTWARD LETTER BOOK, CONFIDENTIAL CORRESPONDENCE TO GOVERNOR–GENERAL, 1903–06

These copies of confidential correspondence to the Governor-General of Australia are not included in the Index to 'despatches' (correspondence) to the Governor-General held in series G34.

Series: G35
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1295)
JUDGE'S NOTE BOOKS, 1903–04

These two volumes appear to be notes made by Judge Robinson, the Chief Judicial Officer of British New Guinea. The first volume covers 19 May 1903 to 26 December 1903, the second 26 December 1903 to 15 June 1904.

Series: G40
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Central Court (CA 1440)
UNBOUND CORRESPONDENCE FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE COLONIES, 1903–06

Seven folders of letters, 'despatches', from the British Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Lieutenant-Governor. The despatches are unbound, but are arranged in six monthly time periods.

Series: G47
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1903–06 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906 Papua, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413)
CHIEF JUDICIAL OFFICER DIARIES, 1903–04

Two volumes of the diaries of C S Robinson, the Chief Judicial Officer of British New Guinea.

Series: G52
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Central Court (CA 1440)
LAND APPLICATIONS REGISTER, 1903–23

The two remaining volumes in this series, labelled volume 3 and volume 4 record applications for land in British New Guinea. Early applications give Applicants name, number, folio and 'M/P' (Map/plan?) number. From about 1913 additional information is given, for example, locality, purpose, deed, deposit, survey date and result of application.

Series: G67
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1903–05 Lands, Surveys and Works Department (CA 1426); 1905–07 Lands and Mines Department (also known as the Department of Lands, Mines and Titles and as the Lands, Survey and Mines Department) (CA 1427); 1907–09 Commissioner of Lands, Director of Mines, Agriculture and Public Works (known as the Lands, Mines and Works Department) (CA 1428); 1909–10 Department of the Commissioner for Lands, Mines and Surveys and the Director of Agriculture and Public Works (CA 1429); 1910–23 Department of the Commissioner for Lands and Surveys and Director of Mines and Agriculture (known as Department of Lands, Surveys, Mines and Agriculture) (CA 1430)
LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL FILES, 1903–23

Files with draft minutes, business papers, ordinances and other background material for the Legislative Council.

Series: G145
Quantity: Not copied, originals held in Canberra
Recorded by: 1903–06 British New Guinea, Legislative Council (CA 1415); 1906–23 Papua, Legislative Council (CA 1416)
INDEX TO CORRESPONDENCE RECEIVED FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE, 1904–06

Four inwards correspondence series are indexed in this book. It covers routine inwards correspondence from G29, G47 and G55 and also includes confidential despatches from G46.

Series: G33
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1904–06 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); CA 1413 (1906 Papua, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor)
RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S LETTER BOOK, 1904–06

One volume remains from what would probably have been a series of letter books of the Resident Magistrate of the Western Division based in Daru. The correspondence in this volume covers a wide range of subjects and ranges from letter 1/1904 to 278/1905 and 1/1906 to 116/1906.

Series: G39
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Resident Magistrate, Western Division (CA 1441)
JUDGE'S NOTE (BOOKS), 1904–05

The only extant volume has 'Judge's Notes. Book No. 33' and '6' on the cover. The book was used by Sir John, known as 'Hubert' Murray for rough notes of the cases he heard while on the bench in the Central Court, both in Port Moresby and on circuit. The right hand page was usually used for notes. When the end of the book was reached it was turned upside down and the alternate blank pages used.

Series: G178
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Sir J H Murray, KCMG (CP 59); Central Court (CA 1440)
DRAFT MINUTES OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 1904–13

Files of draft minutes of the Executive Council, the files normally cover a period of six months.

Series: G142
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1904–06 British New Guinea, Executive Council (CA 1417); 1906–13 Papua, Executive Council (CA 1418)
FILES OF CONFIDENTIAL CORRESPONDENCE SENT (OFFICE COPIES), 1905–07

These three files record confidential despatches from the Administrator to the Governor-General for 1905, then the Minister for External Affairs for 1906 and 1907.

Series: G45
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1905–06 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906–07 Papua, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS OF CORRESPONDENCE FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE, 1905

This single file is a series of acknowledgments, kept in the Government Secretary's Office, noting despatches from the British Secretary of State to the Lieutenant-Governor of British New Guinea.

Series: G55
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1295)
LISTS OF CORRESPONDENCE SENT TO THE MINISTER FOR EXTERNAL AFFAIRS, 1905–06

This file contains office copies of lists of correspondence sent known as 'schedules of despatches transmitted' to the Minister for External Affairs (CA 7) of the Australian Government from the Offices of the Lieutenant-Governor.

Series: G78
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm
Recorded by: 1905–06 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906 Papua, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413)
DRAFT CONFIDENTIAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1905–06

This is a single file of draft confidential correspondence from the Office of the Lieutenant-Governor of British New Guinea.

Series: G84
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1295)
PAPERS RELATING TO THE EKIRI MASSACRE, 1905–06

A single file which contains information relating to the Ekiri massacre.

Series: G136
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Resident Magistrate, Central Division (CA 1442)
UNBOUND CORRESPONDENCE FROM THE PRIME MINISTER AND MINISTER FOR EXTERNAL AFFAIRS, 1905–07

A variety of topics covered in correspondence from the Prime Minister of Australia and the Minister for External Affairs. The correspondence is placed loose in folders, each covering a six monthly period.

Series: G138
Quantity: 2 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: 1905–06 British New Guinea, Office of the Lieutenant- Governor (CA 1295); 1906–07 Papua, Office of the Lieutenant-Governor (CA 1413)
LIST OF LANDS PAPERS, 1905

A listing of lands papers made in 1905 covering papers dating from 1899 to 1905. The numbers run from 29/(18)99 to 174/1905.

Series: G101
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Lands, Surveys and Works Department (CA 1426)

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