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Papua New Guinea Records 1883–1942: Microfilm Collections


4 Mandated Territory of New Guinea Records, 1921–42

Image 6: <i>Uaripi. Porebada Lakatoip rigged ready for sailing, sago not yet loaded</i>, January 1931, from the collection of glass plate negatives of ethnological photographs mainly taken by F E Williams.

Image 6: Uaripi. Porebada Lakatoip rigged ready for sailing, sago not yet loaded, January 1931, from the collection of glass plate negatives of ethnological photographs mainly taken by F E Williams.
NAA: A6003, 67.3
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In 1921 Australia secured New Guinea as a Class 'C' mandate from the League of Nations which gave Australia wide powers. A Royal Commission in 1919 had recommended taking all German property and deporting all German missionaries. This was largely done but the recommendation by the Chairman, Hubert Murray, that the administration be combined with that of Papua was rejected. The administration tended to become, in reality, very similar to Papua with the exception that the German policy of training officers to work in the Territory was continued. This meant a training course at the University of Sydney was established which covered such things as anthropology and law as well as more practical subjects such as hygiene.

Economic development in New Guinea was overshadowed by the gold discoveries at Eadie Creek. From 1926 gold became an increasingly large part of the export earning of New Guinea, rising to more than £2,000,000 by 1937. The gold discoveries led to New Guinea having the largest aviation sector in the world and the delivery of a 3 ½ ton single item payload by a Junkers G31 in 1931 is seen as the beginning of the air cargo industry.

In early 1942 the Japanese invasion led to the destruction of large quantities of records. The speed of the Japanese advance meant many plans for moving records into safer areas were not able to be realised. See Appendix 4 for more details. Of the surviving eight series of records, six relate to mining in the district of Morobe; none cover the general administration of the Territory.

JUDGES' OATHS, 1924–25

Files with information relating to administration of oaths by judges and associate judges during 1924 and 1925.

Series: G271
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Mandated Territory of New Guinea, Civil Administration (CA 7488)
INSANE PERSONS ORDERS, 1925

Orders from medical practitioners and a Justice of the Peace for the conveyance of a person to be placed in an asylum or a reception house. Only a single order remains.

Series: G269
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Mandated Territory of New Guinea, Civil Administration (CA 7488)
FILE OF RADIOGRAMS RECEIVED AND COPIES OF RADIOGRAMS SENT, 1926–27

Most radiograms were sent to and received from the District Officer, Salamaua. Some were sent to and received from government offices in Rabaul, particularly the Law Office, and also private individuals. Subjects covered include food and stores supplies, legal matters, both civil and criminal, mining claims and leases, warden's court enquiries and personnel matters. A few of the radiograms are in undecyphered code. They are often stamped with the date of receipt at Eadie Creek and sometimes have brief notes by the Mining Warden. Government offices including the Mining Warden, sometimes numbered their radiograms with a single number which was quoted in referring to a particular radiogram. Other papers which may have belonged to this system have been top numbered into a later correspondence series, G215. Later radiograms of the Mining Warden, from 1930 are also found in series G215, created when the Mining Warden was based at Wau.

Series: G217
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Mining Warden, District of Morobe (CA 1735)
FILES OF GOLD EXPORT STATUTORY DECLARATIONS, DECLARED AT EADIE CREEK, 1927–28

These files contain declarations, made at Eadie Creek, that an individual is the owner of a parcel of gold and his intention to export it. It contains such information as owner, residence, value of gold and to where the gold will be exported. The declarations are dated and witnessed on behalf of the Mining Warden, usually by a Mining Registrar or Assistant Warden. They show the amount of royalty paid and the number of the receipt issued for this payment. Some declarations are made on printed forms (Form 110) but most are on a typed copy of the form. The files are held on a file pin in separate bundles for each calendar year. On the front of each file there is a linen backed cover sheet of the same type used in the correspondence series G215 (Form 9). The 1927 file has the title 'Gold Export Declarations August to December 1927 Declared at Eadie Creek' and the 1928 file is titled 'GOLD DECLARATIONS 1928'. In rare instances the file contains a duplicate rather than the original statutory declaration.

Series: G219
Quantity: 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Mining Warden, District of Morobe (CA 1735)
GOLD (EXPORT STATUTORY) DECLARATIONS, SALAMAUA, 1927

This series of statutory declarations also includes a few lists, known as 'returns' of declarations. Each declaration, made in pursuance of the Mining Ordinance section 47AA, declares that a person is the owner of a parcel of gold and it is his intention to export it. The declaration are made by the owner of the gold or by an agent for the owner. The declarations are dated and witnessed by a clerk in the District Office, Salamaua, (sometimes written Salamoa) and the original or a copy forwarded to the Mining Warden at Eadie Creek. A few declarations on file have a covering memorandum from the District Officer, Salamaua and most bear the stamp which shows the date of receipt only. They show the amount of royalty paid and the number of the receipt issued for this payment. In some cases returns of the declarations made at Salamaua were compiled in the District Office and forwarded instead of the actual declarations. Returns show date of declaration, name, no. of ounces and amount of royalty. Such returns are generally monthly and totals of gold and royalties for the month are given. There are some nil returns.

Series: G220
Quantity: 1 roll of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Mining Warden, District of Morobe (CA 1735)
GOLD CLAIMS, DOCUMENTS GRANTING POWER OF ATTORNEY, 1929

This file contains Appointment of Agent Forms (Form 30) which were used to give authority to individuals to peg out and register claims, and to carry out all works in connection with mining on behalf of the person delegating such powers. Form 30 was the subject of Mining Regulation 158 made under the Mining Ordinance 1922. A small amount of correspondence dealing with power of agency has been included on the file. Two letters revoking appointment of agency have been filed, but not given a number by the Mining Registrar. Other correspondence acknowledges receipt of registration fees, or deals with enquiries concerning appointment of an agent. On the outside of the folder is written in red pencil Warden Mines / Power of Attorney / x / Agency Forms / 301–400 / 22.3.29–23.9.29. Typed along the inside edge of the cover is Bremer Bank Filiale Der Dresdner Bank. At some stage the file has been listed and a single number together with a list number has been written on the file cover in red pencil.

Series: G221
Quantity: 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Mining Warden, District of Morobe (CA 1735)
CORRESPONDENCE FILES, TWO NUMBER SERIES WITH S PREFIX, SECOND SYSTEM, 1930–42

These files were a part of the whole correspondence system of the Mining Warden based at Wau. They contain correspondence about claims, land matters, gold royalties, mining accidents, including transcripts of accident enquiries held by the Warden's Court, and personnel matters. Separate series of case files for licences for Business Areas, Miners Homestead Leases, Dredging and Sluicing Claims etc. appear to have been maintained, but these are not extant. This series also contains all remaining files from the previous series, G216, which were top numbered into this series when it began. The previous series contained correspondence from 1927 to 1930. The file cover sheet (Form 9) provides space for department, number, number, registered, indexed, subject and a record of file movement. Only the department (Warden's Office) and file number are filled in. Cover sheets were filled in with black ink and the top numbering into series G215 was done with red pencil.

Series: G215
Quantity: 4 rolls of microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Mining Warden, District of Morobe (CA 1735)
CASE FILE FOR HEARING UNDER SECTION 91 OF THE MINING ORDINANCE, 1934

A single file relating to a hearing under Section 91 of the Mining Ordinance 1928. It contains a copy of the notification of action by the plaintiff to the defendant, grant of application under the Mining Ordinance 1928 section 91, receipt for copy of power of agency provided by the Warden's Court, affidavit of service of notice to the defendant with plaint (Form 37 under Regulation 172) and summons (Form 38 under Regulation 178(1)) attached, copy of receipt for gold to be held in trust by the Mining Registrar pending decision in the case, notice of defence (Form 39 under Regulation 183), subpoena (Form 40 under Regulation 184), judgement (Form 42 under Regulation 184), with order for delivery of gold held in trust and receipt for the gold.

Series: G218
Quantity: Part 1 roll microfilm in Canberra
Recorded by: Mining Warden, District of Morobe (CA 1735)

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