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Research Guides


Government Records about the Australian Capital Territory


All notes

Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4 | Chapter 5 | Chapter 6 | Chapter 7 | Chapter 8 | Chapter 9 | Chapter 10 | Chapter 11 | Chapter 12 | Chapter 13 | Chapter 14 | Chapter 15 | Chapter 16

Chapter 1

An overview of the Australian Capital Territory


1 act.gov.au/ngunnawal-country

2 ArchivesACT, Schools (finding aid), 2010.

3 ArchivesACT, Cemeteries (finding aid), 2008.

4 Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia, 1912, Melbourne, 1913, pp. 119, 334, 338, 342.

Chapter 2

Federation and the search for a capital, 1891–1913


5 The activities of the two conventions are described in detail in SG Foster, Susan Marsden and Roslyn Russell, Federation: a guide to records, National Archives of Australia, Canberra, 1998.

6 Jim Gibbney, Canberra 1913–1953, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1988, p. xiii.

7 'Royal Commission on Sites for the Seat of Government of the Commonwealth Report of the Commissioners', Parliamentary Papers, 1903, volume 2, pp. 211–310.

8 'Supplement to the Report of Royal Commission on Sites for the Seat of Government of the Commonwealth, Report on a Proposed Site for the Federal Capital at Dalgety', Parliamentary Papers, 1903, volume 2, 1903, pp. 311–20.

9 'A Short Review of the Contents of the Report of the Commonwealth Commissioner on Sites for the Seat of Government for the Commonwealth', New South Wales Parliamentary Papers, 1903, volume 1, pp. 705

10 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 17, 8 October 1903, pp. 5936–7.

11 Parliamentary Debates, Senate, volume 17, 16 October 1903, pp. 6219–32.

12 'Federal Capital: Proposed Sites. Report by Charles Robert Scrivener, Surveyor, on Proposed Sites in the Southern Monaro District', Parliamentary Papers, 1904, volume 2, pp. 493–5

13 NAA: A322, 19A.

14 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 47, 8 October 1908, pp. 936–8.

15 Parliamentary Debates, Senate, volume 48, 6 November 1908, pp. 2101, 2108.

16 Roger Pegrum, The Bush Capital: how Australia chose Canberra as its federal city, Hale & Iremonger, Sydney, 1983, p. 145.

17 'Federal Capital: Proposed Site at Yass–Canberra, Papers Respecting Selection of Territory and Proposed Site for the City', pp. 6–11, Parliamentary Papers, 1909, volume 2, pp. 509–40.

18 The field books created during this survey are held by the Office of the Surveyor-General, Environment and Sustainable Development Directorate. They have been digitised and are available at actpla.act.gov.au/tools_resources/maps_land_survey/surveying_data/surveyors_information/field_books.

19 NAA: A100, A1909/5451, Federal Capital Site, Charles Scrivener's Report, 1909. This file contains Scrivener's second report, 26 May 1909.

20 NAA: A811, 1/1, 30 April 1911.

21 'Federal Capital City, Report of Board Appointed to Investigate and Report to the Minister for Home Affairs in Regard to Competitive Designs', Parliamentary Papers, 1912, volume 2, pp. 349–56.

22 NAA: M1491, 6, Charles Scrivener, Canberra: Capital City of Australia, 13 March 1913, p. 38.

23 ibid, pp. 10–11.

Chapter 3

Early administration of the capital, 1911–27


24 'Report from the Joint Committee of Public Accounts on the Subject of Canberra Housing', 28 March 1924, pp. 4–5, Parliamentary Papers, 1923–24, volume 4, pp. 379–94.

25 The line actually extended beyond Parliament House to the Kingston Power House and later across the Molonglo River to Civic.

26 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 1, 9 October 1923. In 1988, the drawings prepared by American architect Edwin Pruitt were donated to the National Archives by his grandniece, Hannah Pruitt. They remain the only competition drawings in the Archives' custody.

27 Parliamentary Papers, 1914–17, volume 2, pp. 919–20, 1034–46.

28 'Royal Commission on Federal Capital Administration, Report', Parliamentary Papers, 1914–17, volume 2, pp. 1067–112; Parliamentary Papers, 1917, volume 2, pp. 1–92.

29 'Royal Commission on Federal Capital Administration, Report 4. Sewerage of Canberra', p. 3, Parliamentary Papers, 1917, volume 2, pp. 43–9.

30 'First General Report Construction of Canberra', 18 July 1921, Parliamentary Papers, 1920–21, volume 3, pp. 2027–69.

31 'Second General Report Construction of Canberra', 31 July 1922, Parliamentary Papers, 1922, volume 2, pp. 2791–804.

32 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 3, 26 November 1925.

33 A map showing the location of all camps can be found in Ann Gugler, The Builders of Canberra 1909–1929, Part 1: temporary camps and settlements, CNP Publications, Canberra, 1994, pp. 17–18.

34 The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Public Works was established in 1914 to review proposals for Commonwealth-funded construction projects estimated to cost above a predetermined limit.

35 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Construction of a Hostel at Canberra', 11 April 1922, Parliamentary Papers, 1922, volume 2, pp. 2285–312.

36 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 99, 26 July 1922, pp. 799–811.

37 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 1, 9 October 1923.

38 The Canberra Times, 24 July 1988, p. 1.

39 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence Relating to the Erection of Officers' Hostel, Canberra', 26 June 1923, Parliamentary Papers, 1923–24, volume 4, pp. 611–44.

40 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 1, 7 August 1923.

41 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 2, 5 September and 14 October 1924.

42 Administrator David Miller had suggested the formation of such a commission in 1914 but World War I prevented its implementation.

43 The Canberra Times, 3 September 1956, pp. 2, 6.

44 Commonwealth Gazette, number 99, 11 November 1925, p. 2393.

45 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 2, 30–31 January 1924.

46 The Canberra Times printed an extract taken from the ledger for the first land sales, compiled by auctioneers Woodgers and Calthorpe (12 March 1965, p. 27).

47 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 1, 22 March 1923.

48 NAA: M4071, 64, April 1926.

49 Federal Capital Commission Annual Report, 30 June 1930, p. 41, Parliamentary Papers, 1929–31, volume 3, pp. 2915–3008.

50 A brief overview of what Canberra looked like in 1926 can be found in The Canberra Times, 3 September 1956, pp. 2, 6.

51 The Canberra Times, 10 September 1926, p. 10. This was only the second edition of the newspaper, the first edition having appeared one week earlier, on 3 September 1926.

52 The ACT Government commissioned a Conservation Management Plan for the Sydney and Melbourne Buildings (produced in 2011), which provides an extensive history of the two buildings (economicdevelopment.act.gov.au).

53 'The Territory for the Seat of Government, No. 1 of 1911, An Ordinance for the Provisional Government of the Territory of the Seat of Government', section 6.

54 The Canberra Times, 24 December 1928, p. 1.

55 The Canberra Times, 12 March 1928, p. 4.

56 Statistics are taken from Federal Capital Commission annual reports.

57 The Canberra Times, 28 February 1930, p. 2.

58 NAA: A6273, L1929/1730.

59 'Report on Agricultural and Pastoral Leases in the Federal Capital Territory', Joint Committee of Public Accounts, 13 December 1929, Parliamentary Papers, 1929–31, volume 3, pp. 639–61.

60 NAA: A3264, 19 February 1930, p. 20.

61 The Canberra Times, 24 July 1936, p. 2.

62 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence, Appendices, and Plans Relating to the Proposed Erection of Provisional Parliament House, Canberra', 18 June 1923, Parliamentary Papers, 1923–24, volume 4, pp. 645–792.

63 NAA: A2718, volume 1, 23 July 1923.

64 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence Relating to the Proposed Erection of a Secretariat Building at Canberra Including Provision for an Automatic Telephone Exchange and Post Office', 10 September 1924, Parliamentary Papers, 1923–34, volume 4, pp. 793–818.

65 The Canberra Times, 15 July 1927, p. 1.

66 NAA: A2718: volume 1 part 3, 13 January 1925; volume 2, 5 July 1926; volume 2, 17–18 January 1927.

Chapter 4

Depression and war: Canberra in decline, 1927–57


67 NAA: A2718, volume 4 part 3, 20 April 1928.

68 'Canberra National Memorials Committee Report in Regard to the Naming of Canberra's Streets and Suburbs', 8 December 1927, Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 2, pp. 1311–17. The committee comprised the Prime Minister, Minister for Home and Territories, Chief Commissioner of the Federal Capital Commission, and two non-government 'experts'. It was formally constituted via the National Memorials Ordinance 1928.

69 The competition was advertised in several capital city newspapers and the journal Architecture, volume 16, number 9, September 1927, p. 177.

70 NAA: A431, 1951/1694.

71 National Library of Australia: (Tom Uren) MS 6055, series 10, folder 13, box 63.

72 'Federal Capital Commission Fifth Report', 30 June 1929, pp. 8, 41, Parliamentary Papers, 1929–31, volume 3, pp. 2915–3008.

73 NAA: A2694, volume 14 part 2, 1538, 5 September 1935.

74 The Canberra Times, 12 April 1940, p. 3.

75 The Community News, volume 2, number 9, 11 June 1927, p. 20.

76 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence Relating to the Proposed Construction of Public Baths at Canberra', 30 April 1930, Parliamentary Papers, 1929–31, volume 3, pp. 1133–69.

77 NAA: A3264, 6 May 1930, p. 38.

78 The Canberra Times, 27 January 1931, p. 2.

79 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 156, 20 June 1938, p. 2326.

80 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 156, 29 June 1938, pp. 2790–803.

81 Gary Estcourt, 'Canberra's Drill Hall Gallery', nationaltrust.org.au, accessed 27 January 2013.

82 The Canberra Times, 13 August 1960, p. 3.

83 NAA: A2700, 1045B, 1 April 1948.

84 NAA: A2700, 1333A, 27 February 1948.

85 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence and Plans Relating to the Construction of Provisional Administrative Offices at Canberra', 21 June 1923, Parliamentary Papers, 1923–24, volume 4, pp. 587–610.

86 NAA: A2700, 1333, 8 May 1947.

87 'Report Relating to the Proposed Permanent Administration Offices, Canberra', 17 September 1947, Parliamentary Papers, 1946–48, volume 22, pp. 511–22.

88 NAA: A2700, 1210E, 24 February 1947.

89 NAA: A4926, 451.

90 Mulwala House, which stood in Commonwealth Park, closed in 1969 and was later demolished; both Eastlake Hostel and Riverside Hostel closed in 1952 and were later demolished; Narellan House was later used as student accommodation and finally demolished in 1993.

91 Parliamentary Debates, Senate, volume 4, 3 November 1954, pp. 1188–91.

92 'The Senate Report from the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into and Report upon the Development of Canberra', September 1955, Parliamentary Papers, Journals of the Senate, 1954–55, pp. 255–415.

93 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 13, 8 November 1956, pp. 2135–40.

Chapter 5

Suburbs still searching for a city, 1957–72


94 Keith Hancock, The Battle of Black Mountain: an episode of Canberra's environmental history, Department of Economic History, Australian National University, Canberra, 1974, p. 5.

95 NAA: A4926, 451, 2 November 1956.

96 'Observations on the Future Development of Canberra', 28 December 1957, Parliamentary Papers, 1958, volume 7, pp. 957–76.

97 'Observations on the Future Development of Canberra', p. 13.

98 'The Growth of Canberra 1958–1965 and 1965–1972', December 1965, Parliamentary Papers, 1964–66, volume 8, pp. 523–73.

99 NAA: A4926, 382, paper dated 8 October 1956.

100 NAA: A4926, 1284, 'Report on Sir William Holford's Observations on the Future of Canberra, 30 June 1958', p. 3.

101 ibid., p. ii.

102 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence and Appendix Relating to the Proposed Storage and Regulating Reservoir, Upper Queanbeyan River', Parliamentary Papers, 1914–17, volume 4, pp. 829–58.

103 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Construction of Dam and Improvements on the Molonglo River, Federal Capital', Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 4, pp. 465–77.

104 'Report Relating to the Proposed Erection of Commonwealth Avenue Bridge at Canberra', 26 January 1955, Parliamentary Papers, 1954–55, volume 2, pp. 535–55.

105 The Canberra Times, 28 October 1959, p. 1.

106 Factual information provided in this section is taken from annual reports produced by the National Capital Development Commission and published in Parliamentary Papers.

107 Hemel Hempstead, located north of London, was one of several 'new towns' built to house Londoners displaced at the end of World War II.

108 National Capital Development Commission, The Future Canberra, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1965, p. 30.

109 The Canberra Times printed a map illustrating Belconnen's proposed suburbs numbered from 1 to 26 (11 February 1966, p. 1).

110 National Capital Authority, 'Yarralumla Diplomatic Estate Tour', undated.

111 NAA: A5868, 772, 9 September 1969.

112 NAA: A5908, 121, 4 June 1971.

113 NAA: A5908, 668, 15 June 1972.

114 The Canberra Times, 29 March 1969, p. 1.

115 The Canberra Times, 1 April 1969, p. 1.

116 'Report from the Senate Select Committee on the Canberra Abattoir', September 1969, Parliamentary Papers, 1969, volume 6, pp. 35–435.

Chapter 6

Changes in the wind, 1972–89


117 NAA: A5908, 108, May 1971. This submission contains a copy of the interdepartmental committee's 1970 report.

118 NAA: A5915, 179, February 1973.

119 National Library of Australia: Ministerial Conference, 1974 (Cameron Hazlehurst) MS 7998, series 4, folder 13, box 65.

120 The Canberra Times, 26 March 1976, p. 1.

121 'Joint Committee on the Australian Capital Territory, Report on the Supply of Residential Blocks in Canberra', 1 September 1965, Parliamentary Papers, 1964–66, volume 9, pp. 1–25.

122 'Land Charges in Canberra: Statement Outlining the Present and Proposed New Land Charges in Canberra, 22 October 1970', Parliamentary Papers, 1970, volume 5, pp. 413–20.

123 'Joint Committee on the Australian Capital Territory, Report on Australian Capital Territory Freehold Lands Inquiry', 30 January 1968, Parliamentary Papers, 1968, volume 6, pp. 1005–45.

124 NAA: A5869, 610, 4 November 1970. The Cabinet submission contains a detailed listing of all freehold land in the Territory at this time.

125 Parliamentary Papers, 1974, volume 8, paper 10; Parliamentary Papers, 1976, volume 12, paper 1.

126 'House of Representatives Standing Committee on Transport, Communications and Infrastructure, Report on the Canberra Leasehold System', November 1988, Parliamentary Papers, 1988, volume 38, paper 409.

127 NAA: A5915, 184, March 1973.

128 'Ministerial Statement: Review of Commonwealth Functions', 30 April 1981, Parliamentary Papers, 1981, volume 8, paper 96.

129 The Canberra Times, 20 October 1983, p. 1.

130 NAA: A14039, 3478, 29 November 1985.

131 NAA: A12909, 1553, July 1977 and 2 August 1977.

132 There was no five-star hotel in Canberra at this time; the first such hotel, Hyatt Hotel Canberra, opened in 1988.

133 NAA: A12909, 3743, January 1980.

134 NAA: A12909, 5226, 27 November 1981.

135 National Library of Australia: Casino papers, 18 October 1983 (Tom Uren) MS 6055, series 12, folder 6, box 70.

136 An Interim Authority was established in October 1973 and the involvement of New South Wales in Territory education was rapidly wound down from that time.

137 'Review of Commonwealth Functions Prime Minister's Statement to the Parliament', 30 April 1981, p. 36, Parliamentary Papers, 1981, volume 8, paper 96.

138 'Canberra Planning and Development Report of the Committee of Review of the Role and Functions of the National Capital Development Commission', 6 July 1983, Parliamentary Papers, 1983, volume 14, paper 197.

139 National Capital Development Commission, Metropolitan Canberra: policy plan, development plan, Canberra, 1984.

140 Joint Committee on the Australian Capital Territory, Report on Metropolitan Canberra, Canberra, 1987.

141 NAA: A13977, 988, 14 August 1984.

142 'Block Review: Ongoing Role of the National Capital Development Commission', Canberra, 1988.

143 The Canberra Times, 8 July 1988, p. 1.

144 National Capital Authority, Annual Report 1990–91, pp. 5–10, Parliamentary Papers, 1991, volume 36, paper 392.

145 'A National Capital, A Place to Live, Inquiry into the Role of the National Capital Authority', July 2004, Parliamentary Papers, 2004, volume 23, paper 188.

146 National Capital Authority, The Griffin Legacy: Canberra, the nation's capital in the 21st century, Canberra, 2004.

147 National Capital Authority Annual Report, 2004–05, pp. 26–27, Parliamentary Papers, 2005, volume 53, paper 441.

Chapter 7

The road to self-government


148 Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia, Melbourne, 1912, p. 119.

149 NAA: A202, 1914/1865, 8 February 1912.

150 Parliamentary Debates, volume 66, Senate, 2 October 1912, p. 3667.

151 NAA: A202, 1914/1865, 7 May 1914.

152 NAA: A457, M110/1.

153 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 114, 2 July 1926, p. 3758.

154 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 114, 13 July 1926, p. 4032.

155 NAA: A2718, volume 4 part 2, 171, 17 April 1928.

156 NAA: A2700, 309, 24 August 1942.

157 NAA: A2700, 720, 26 August 1944.

158 NAA: A2700, 1450, 1 April 1948.

159 NAA: A5827, volume 15/agendum 482, 14 October 1964.

160 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 61, 7 November 1968, pp. 2581–95; volume 69, 20 August 1970, pp. 270–93.

161 NAA: A5908, 308, August 1971.

162 NAA: A5915, 251, 252, April 1973.

163 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 89, 6 August 1974, pp. 44–88.

164 For a short time, the Territory had three federal electorates. The seat of Namadgi was created in 1996 and abolished in 1998.

165 NAA: A5868, 749, 2 August 1969; A5869, 189, March 1970.

166 Parliamentary Debates, volume 119, House of Representatives, 13 June 1928, pp. 6032–4.

167 The Canberra Times, 11 July 1930, p. 1.

168 The council's minutes of meetings are held by ArchivesACT.

169 NAA: A2694, volume 9, 707, June 1933.

170 NAA: A2694, volume 13 part 2, 1160, 7 February 1935.

171 NAA: A2700, 1210J, 28 April 1949.

172 ACT Heritage Library: A5131, Report on Civic Administration by HJR Cole with a Recommendation for a City Council for Canberra, 24 August 1949.

173 The Canberra Times, 12 December 1952, p. 4.

174 ArchivesACT: A2942, 323, part 3.

175 'Self-government for the Australian Capital Territory', May 1967, Parliamentary Papers, 1967, volume 3, pp. 1089–123.

176 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 55, 3 May 1967, p. 1648–54.

177 NAA: A5915, 1961.

178 NAA: A5915, 600, August 1973.

179 'Joint Committee on the Australian Capital Territory, Self-government and Public Finance in the Australian Capital Territory', 29 December 1974, Parliamentary Papers, 1975, volume 11, paper 16.

180 'Review of the Continuing Expenditure Policies of the Previous Government', 24 June 1973, pp. 63–4, Parliamentary Papers, 1973, volume 5, paper 9.

181 NAA: A5915, 1070, 2 July 1974.

182 NAA: A12909, 638, August 1976.

183 NAA: A12909, 1378, August 1977.

184 NAA: A12909, 2456, June 1978.

185 The Canberra Times, 3 March 1979, p. 1.

186 NAA: A13977, 447, 21 September 1983.

187 'Self-government Task Force Report', May 1984, Parliamentary Papers, 1984, volume 11, paper 139.

188 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 147, 19 March 1986, pp. 1557–64; Senate, volume 114, 16 April 1986, pp. 1736–9.

189 'Commonwealth Grants Commission Report on Financing the Australian Capital Territory', 16 July 1984, Parliamentary Papers, 1984, volume 15, paper 185.

190 National Library of Australia: (Tom Uren) MS 6055, series 12, folder 13, box 63, 18 October 1984.

191 The Canberra Times, 14 April 1988, p. 1.

192 cmd.act.gov.au/policystrategic/canberraplan, accessed 23 March 2013.

193 Cabinet outcomes can be found at cmd.act.gov.au/open_government/inform/cabinet.

Chapter 8

Iconic buildings and monuments


194 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 1.

195 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Construction of Buildings and Formation of Reservation at Canberra for the National Museum of Australian Zoology', 17 March 1927, Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 4, pp. 479–503.

196 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 1, 8 November 1923.

197 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Australian War Memorial, Canberra', 25 May 1928, Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 4, pp. 303–96.

198 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Australian War Memorial, Canberra', 25 May 1928, p. 7, Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 4, pp. 303–96.

199 NAA: A2718, volume 2, 1 June 1926.

200 NAA: A5818, volume 12/agendum 529, 27 January 1960.

201 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence Relating to the Proposed Erection of a Building to Accommodate the National Library, and for Other Purposes', 21 September 1925, Parliamentary Papers, 1925, volume 2, pp. 105–43.

202 NAA: A2694, volume 10, 683, 21 September 1933.

203 'Report of the National Library Inquiry Committee', Parliamentary Papers, 1957–58, volume V, pp. 787–836.

204 NAA: A5818, volume 12/agendum 508, 5 January 1960.

205 National Library of Australia, A Different View: the National Library of Australia and its building art, Canberra, 2004.

206 'Captain Cook Memorial'; fact sheet produced by the National Capital Authority.

207 'Observations on the Future Development of Canberra', 28 December 1957, Parliamentary Papers, 1958, volume 7, pp. 957–76.

208 NAA: A5619, C181, 846, 30 July 1963.

209 'National Gallery Committee of Inquiry', March 1966, Parliamentary Papers, 1967, volume 3, pp. 963–85.

210 NAA: A5619, C181, 202, 24 March 1970.

211 The Canberra Times, 8 November 1973, p. 7.

212 NAA: A5842, 236.

213 NAA: A5619, C181, 302, 30 April 1970.

214 The Canberra Times, 9 October 1973, p. 3.

215 NAA: A5908, 379, 22 October 1971.

216 NAA: A5908, 390, 4 November 1971.

217 'Report Relating to the Proposed Erection of a Communications Tower at Black Mountain, ACT, 13 July 1972', Parliamentary Papers, 1972, volume 8, paper 5.

218 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 81, 11 October 1972, pp. 2466–75.

219 Commonwealth Gazette, number 62, 30 July 1970, pp. 5141–2.

220 The Canberra Times, 1 November 1973, p. 1.

221 NAA: A5915, 816, 6 December 1973.

222 The Canberra Times, 12 December 1973, p. 1.

223 NAA: A12917, HC19/1973.

224 The Canberra Times, 16 May 1980, p. 1.

225 'The Senate Report from the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into and Report upon the Development of Canberra', September 1955, p. 75, recommendation 64, Parliamentary Papers, Journals of the Senate, 1954–55, pp. 255–415.

226 'The Case for a Permanent Building. Joint Statement by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives', 2 May 1957; Parliamentary Papers, 1957–58, volume 5, pp. 991–1009.

227 'Report on the Alternative Sites of Capital Hill and the Camp Hill Area for the New and Permanent Parliament House', 17 April 1969, Parliamentary Papers, 1969, volume 6, pp. 561–640.

228 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 63, 29 May 1969, pp. 2508–9.

229 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 90, 26 September 1974, pp. 1858–67.

230 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 112, 22 November 1978, pp. 3192–5.

231 It is sometimes stated that there were 329 entrants in the competition but there were only 328; one design was mistakenly registered twice.

232 The Canberra Times, 27 June 1980, p. 1.

233 NAA: A13977, 894, 26 June 1984.

234 Questacon Fact Sheet, Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research, Canberra, 1988.

235 NAA: A12909, 4935, 8 July 1981.

236 Records relating to the construction of the National Museum of Australia are not yet available for public access.

237 Records relating to the National Portrait Gallery are not yet available for public access.

238 Historical notes in this section have been taken from promotional material produced by the National Capital Authority.

Chapter 9

Utilities: electricity, water and sewerage


239 The Canberra Times, 27 August 1954, p. 2.

240 'Report Relating to the Proposed Extension to the Water Supply Storage System at Canberra', 26 January 1955, Parliamentary Papers, 1954–55, volume 2, pp. 557–68.

241 NAA: A5841, 77, 11 March 1966.

242 NAA: A5908, 352, September 1971.

243 NAA: A5915, 565, 12 July 1973.

244 NAA: A5915, 760.

245 National Library of Australia: MS 6055, series 14, folder 5, box 84.

246 The Canberra Times, 18 October 1976, p. 1.

247 financeminister.gov.au/archive/media/2008/mr_292008_joint.html

248 'Canberra's Engineering Heritage', engineer.org.au/home.html, accessed 18 November 2012.

249 actew.com.au/reservoirs, accessed 18 November 2012.

250 NAA: A463, 1962/4958, 16 July 1962.

251 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 41, 16 April 1964, pp. 1139–55.

252 NAA: A5827, volume 5/agendum 133, 9 April 1964.

253 NAA: A4940, C3948.

254 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence and Appendices on the Question of the Construction of a Main Sewer for the City of Canberra', 10 March 1915, Parliamentary Papers, 1914–17, volume 4, pp. 859–942.

255 'Federal Capital Administration Royal Commission. Report 4. Sewerage at Canberra', Parliamentary Papers, 1917, volume 2, pp. 43–9.

256 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Construction of the Main Intercepting Sewer from the Centre of the City of Canberra to Connect with the Main Outfall Sewer', Parliamentary Papers, 1922, volume 2, pp. 2313–31.

257 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence in Regard to Construction of Southern Intercepting Sewer, Canberra', 21 August 1924, Parliamentary Papers, 1923–24, volume 4, pp. 819–28.

258 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Construction of Northern Main Sewer, Canberra', 17 March 1924, Parliamentary Papers, 1925, volume 2, pp. 145–51.

259 National Capital Development Commission, Annual Report, pp. 25–6, Parliamentary Papers, 1971, volume 7, pp. 169–255.

Chapter 10

Education


260 A similar arrangement applied in the Northern Territory whereby teachers were provided by South Australia.

261 Federal Capital Commission, Annual Report, 30 June 1928, p. 16, Parliamentary Papers, 1929, volume 2, pp. 2587–642.

262 NAA: A2694, volume 5, 433, 11 January 1933.

263 The Canberra Times, 9 September 1927, p. 1.

264 Report on an Independent Education Authority for the Australian Capital Territory, Canberra, 1967.

265 NAA: A5869, 535, September 1970.

266 NAA: A5908, 684, not dated.

267 'A Design for the Governance and Organisation of Education in the Australian Capital Territory', 31 May 1973, Parliamentary Papers, 1973, volume 3, paper 7.

268 NAA: A5915, 575, not dated.

269 NAA: A12909, 609, August 1976.

270 'Secondary Education for Canberra: Report by the Working Committee on College Proposals for the Australian Capital Territory', 20 December 1972, Parliamentary Papers, 1973, volume 3, paper 15.

271 NAA: CP487/3.

272 'University Facilities at Canberra, Report by a Committee Appointed to Report on the Provisions of University Facilities for Residents in Canberra', 23 April 1926, Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 2, pp. 1319–25.

273 NAA: A2718, volume 2, 1 June 1926.

274 NAA: A2718, volume 4 part 2, 29.

275 NAA: A3259, volume 3 part 2, 1152, 19 June 1934.

276 NAA: A4906, 144, 14 October 1954.

277 NAA: A5818, volume 8/agendum 381, 3 September 1959.

278 NAA: A5818, volume 14/agendum 577, 10 March 1960.

279 'Report of the Committee on the Future of Tertiary Education in Australia to the Australian Universities Commission', Parliamentary Papers, 1964–66, volume 4, pp. 1–638.

280 NAA: A5827, volume 19/agendum 626, 9–10 March 1965.

281 NAA: A5827, volume 25/agendum 820, 28 May 1965.

282 NAA: A5841, 431, 9 September 1966.

283 NAA: A5869, 299, 29 May 1970. The submission contains a copy of the Martin Committee's report.

284 NAA: A5915, 910, February 1974.

285 NAA: A12909, 715, September 1976.

286 'Report Relating to the Proposed Construction of a Defence Force Academy in the ACT', 22 May 1979, Parliamentary Papers, 1979, volume 7, paper 115.

287 NAA: A12909, 3572, 23 October 1979.

Chapter 11

Health and medical services


288 'Royal Commission into Federal Capital Administration, Report 3, Wasteful Expenditure at Canberra', p. 14, Parliamentary Papers, 1917, volume 2, pp. 23–41.

289 Federal Capital Commission, Annual Report, 1927, p. 12, Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 2, pp. 1185–306.

290 NAA: A3264, 27 April 1931, p. 126.

291 NAA: A2694, volume 4, 848, 24 August 1932.

292 NAA: A2694, volume 11, 826, 23 November 1933.

293 The Canberra Times, 10 June 1937, p. 1.

294 The report is cited in several files held by the National Archives; however, it could not be located.

295 NAA: A2694, volume 18 part 3, 76, 4 May 1938.

296 NAA: A3259, volume 2 part 2, 1070, 17 April 1934.

297 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Erection of a Community Hospital in Canberra', 6 June 1938, Parliamentary Papers, 1937–40, volume 3, pp. 127–204.

298 NAA: A2694, volume 19 part 2, 520, 9 March 1939.

299 The Canberra Times, 12 April 1940, p. 3.

300 NAA: A4905, 573, 29 October 1953.

301 'Report Relating to the Proposed Erection of a Community Hospital in Canberra', 17 May 1956, p. 4; Parliamentary Papers, 1956–57, volume 2, pp. 1347–55.

302 NAA: A5818, volume 5/agendum 212, 9 June 1959.

303 'Report Relating to the Proposed Erection of a New Main Hospital Block at the Canberra Community Hospital', 2 June 1960, Parliamentary Papers, 1960–61, volume 2, pp. 1595–603; 'Report Relating to the Proposed Construction of a New Nurses' Home and Training School at Canberra Community Hospital', 2 June 1960, Parliamentary Papers, 1960–61, volume 2, pp. 1605–11.

304 'Report Relating to the Proposed Construction of a New Nurses' Home and Training School at Canberra Community Hospital', p. 7, paragraph 56(8).

305 NAA: A5819, volume 18/agendum 690, decision 874, 4 July 1963.

306 NAA: A463, 1957/2984, 11 September 1957.

307 NAA: A5841, 247, June 1966.

308 'Report Relating to the Proposal to Construct the Woden Valley Hospital, Canberra', 14 May 1968, Parliamentary Papers, 1968, volume 6, pp. 1157–74.

309 NAA: A5869, 61, December 1969.

310 The Canberra Times, 1 April 1970, p. 2.

311 NAA: A5869, 364, 8 July 1970.

312 The Canberra Times, 3 March 1979, p. 3.

313 NAA: A5915, 1239, August 1974.

314 NAA: A5915, 2052, October 1975.

315 Coroner's Report: Inquest Findings, Comments and Recommendations into the Death of Katie Bender on Sunday, 13 July 1997 on the Demolition of the Royal Canberra Hospital, Acton Peninsula, ACT, courts.act.gov.au/magistrates/page/view/597/title/selected–findings#bender, accessed 2013

316 NAA: A5869, 364, August 1970.

317 NAA: A5915, 498, July 1973.

318 NAA: A5915, 1378, October 1974.

319 The Canberra Times, 29 October 1953, p. 2.

320 Llewellyn–Davies, Weeks, Forestier–Walker and Bor, Future Health Services in ACT, The Company, London, 1970.

321 NAA: A5908, 625, April 1972.

322 NAA: A5915, 677, September 1973.

Chapter 12

Law and order, emergency services and natural disasters


323 NAA: A2718, volume 2, 26 July 1927.

324 Historical notes for the ACT Police Force taken from wikipedia.org/wiki/ACT_Policing (accessed 25 November 2012), and the National Archives of Australia agency registration for CA 665, Australian Capital Territory Police naa.gov.au (accessed 23 February 2013).

325 NAA: A1, 1931/3790.

326 NAA: A2694, volume 5, 338, 22 November 1932.

327 Historical notes on ACT courts taken from ArchivesACT, Courts Functional History (finding aid), and the ACT Supreme Court website (accessed 23 February 2013).

328 NAA: A6266, G1926/2143.

329 NAA: A5827, volume 25/agendum 819, decision 1041, 7 July 1965.

330 NAA: A5869, 261, 5 May 1970.

331 'Report on Imperial Acts in Force in the Australian Capital Territory', 18 October 1972, Parliamentary Papers, 1972, volume 6, paper 2; 'Report on New South Wales Acts in Force in the Australian Capital Territory', 25 August 1972, Parliamentary Papers, 1972, volume 6, paper 3.

332 NAA: A5869, 229, 13 April 1970.

333 NAA: A5931, CL518, 20 June 1973.

334 Records relating to the Alexander Maconochie Centre and the Bimberi Youth Detention Centre are not yet publicly available.

335 ACT Fire and Rescue website, esa.act.gov.au/actfr/about/history, accessed 7 November 2012.

336 Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the ACT Fire Brigade, Canberra, 1986.

337 The Canberra Times, 10 October 1955, p. 2.

338 esa.act.gov.au/actas/about–us/history, accessed 21 December 2012.

339 ArchivesACT, Floods (finding aid), 2010.

340 'Woden Valley Flood 26 January 1971 Coroner's Statement and Findings, Report by the Department of the Interior and Report of the National Capital Development Commission', Parliamentary Papers, 1971, volume 7, pp. 257–344.

341 cmd.act.gov.au/functions/publications/archived/mcleod_inquiry/report, accessed 22 December 2012.

342 courts.act.gov.au/magistrates/page/view/596, accessed 22 December 2012.

Chapter 13

Civil and welfare services


343 ArchivesACT, Divorce Records (finding aid), 2011.

344 ArchivesACT, Wills, Probate and Letters of Administration (finding aid), 2008.

345 The Canberra Times, 11 July 1966, p. 8.

346 ArchivesACT, Cemeteries (finding aid), 2008.

347 The Canberra Times, 23 March 1950, p. 2.

348 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Erection of Cottages at Canberra', 30 April 1930, p. v, Parliamentary Papers, 1929–31, volume 3, pp. 1017–86.

349 Jim Gibbney, Canberra 1913–1953, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1984, p. 24.

350 NAA: A5908, 135.

351 National Library of Australia: (Tom Uren) MS 5816, series 4, folder 49, box 18.

352 NAA: A5908, 135, 23 June 1971.

353 'Review of Commonwealth Functions, Prime Minister's Statement to the Parliament', 30 April 1981, Parliamentary Papers, 1981, volume 8, paper 96, p. A1.

354 NAA: A14039, 4527, 13 December 1984.

355 National Library of Australia: MS 6055, series 12, folder 9, box 71.

356 'Homelessness: A Capital Problem, Report of a Committee of Inquiry into Homelessness and Inadequate Housing in the ACT and Surrounding Regions', January 1984, Parliamentary Papers, 1984, volume 12, paper 152.

357 NAA: M123, 4.

358 ArchivesACT, Child Welfare Policy Records (finding aid), 2012.

359 NAA: A5915, 641, 4 September 1973.

360 NAA: A14039, 3086, 15 July 1985. The submission lists all 203 of the committee's recommendations.

Chapter 14

Transportation: trains, planes, buses and cars


361 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence and a Diagram Relating to the Proposed City Railway at Canberra', 24 November 1916, Parliamentary Papers, 1914–17, volume 4, pp. 781–828.

362 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 2, 10 September 1924.

363 Historical notes taken from John Kain, Railways of the National Capital, 1913–1993, Canberra, 1993.

364 NAA: A4639, 33, 1 February 1950.

365 'Railway Master Plan for the ACT', actpla.act.gov.au, 2009.

366 NAA: M1492.

367 The Queanbeyan Age, 28 October 1913, p. 2.

368 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence and a Diagram Relating to the Proposed City Railway at Canberra', 24 November 1916, Parliamentary Papers, 1914–17, volume 4, pp. 781–828.

369 'Report together with Minutes and Evidence Relating to the Proposed Construction of a Railway to Connect Canberra with Yass', 6 May 1924; Parliamentary Papers, 1923–24, volume 4, pp. 829–76.

370 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 2, 10 September 1924.

371 NAA: A2718, volume 2, 7 April 1927.

372 Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, volume 167, 29 May 1941, p. 56.

373 A draft copy of the report can be found in NAA: B461/4, 1971/5009, part 1; the final report could not be located.

374 NAA: A1, 1930/6240, 5 October 1921.

375 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence Relating to the Proposed Arsenal Railway', 29 October 1918, Parliamentary Papers, 1917–19, volume 6, pp. 433–70.

376 Historical notes about the very fast train project have been taken from 'Australian Very Fast Trains: A Chronology', Background Paper 16, Paula Williams, April 1998.

377 ACT Government, Response to the VFT Concept Report, Canberra, 1990.

378 The Canberra Times, 10 October 2012, p. 2.

379 NAA: A5869, 566, October 1970.

380 'Report relating to the Proposed Extension of 17/35 Runways, Taxiways and Aprons at Canberra (Fairbairn) Airport', 29 June 1972, Parliamentary Papers, 1972, volume 8, paper 8.

381 NAA: A463, 1972/4185.

382 'Canberra Aviation Study Management Committee Final Report', November 1977, p. 5.

383 'Report together with Minutes of Evidence relating to the proposed construction of a Federal Highway within the Federal Capital Territory', 11 April 1930; Parliamentary Papers, 1929–31, volume III, pp. 1087–132.

384 Historical information on the construction of roads was taken from the commission's annual reports.

385 Historical notes on Canberra's bus service were taken from 'The History of Public Transport in the ACT', action.act.gov.au/doc/aboutus, accessed 3 January 2013.

386 Daily Telegraph, 10 May 1927, p. 3.

387 Federal Capital Commission Annual Report, p. 34, Parliamentary Papers, 1929–31, volume 3, pp. 2915–3008.

388 Federal Capital Commission Annual Report, p. 19; Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 2, pp. 1185–306.

389 NAA: A12909, 5196, 4 December 1981.

390 NAA: A5915, 406, June 1973.

391 NAA: A14039, 2313, 1 March 1985.

392 The Canberra Times, 13 October 1967, p. 1.

Chapter 15

The arts, community and sport


393 prezi.com/ikmpdscvmmwj/history-of-the-canberra-city-band, accessed 14 March 2013.

394 The Canberra Times, 24 September 1926, p. 8.

395 NAA: A1642, 1968/1475, 'Report on the Establishment of a School of Music in Canberra', 4 December 1964, p. 1.

396 NAA: A5915, 1817, 13 June 1975.

397 National Capital Development Commission, Annual Report, 1960–61, p. 5, Parliamentary Papers, 1961, volume 2, pp. 1103–33.

398 National Capital Development Commission, Annual Report, 1962–63, p. 17, Parliamentary Papers, 1962–63, volume 3, pp. 823–60.

399 Although Ethos was one of the first sculptures commissioned by the commission there were earlier examples of public art, including the sculpture Bellona by Bertram Mackennal, which arrived in Canberra in 1926, having previously spent several years on display in Melbourne.

400 ArchivesACT has prepared a research guide entitled ACT Government Public Art (fACT 1, 2005), which describes government programs for the acquisition of artworks within the Territory.

401 fACT 1 referred to at note xx contains a detailed listing of record items relating to artworks in Canberra's schools. In addition, the National Capital Development Commission published Works of Art in Canberra (1980), which lists all artworks commissioned up to 1980.

402 Federal Capital Commission, Annual Report, 30 June 1927, p. 25, Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 2, pp. 1185–305.

403 NAA: A2700, 1310, 3 March 1947, decision 24 March 1947.

404 Federal Capital Commission, Annual Report, 30 June 1926, p. 15, Parliamentary Papers, 1926–28, volume 2, pp. 1117–84.

Chapter 16

Parks and gardens


405 NAA: A431, 1951/572.

406 NAA: A3560, Mildenhall collection of glass plate negatives, 1921–35.

407 National Capital Development Commission, Future Canberra, Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1965, p. 97.

408 NAA: A5819, volume 20/agendum 780, 16 July 1963.

409 Historical notes in this section have been adapted from Lenore Coltheart, Nursery Tales for a Garden City: the historical context of the records at Canberra's Yarralumla nursery, Australian Garden History Society, Canberra, 2011.

410 archives.act.gov.au/home/yarralumla_nursery_records

411 NAA: A2718, volume 1 part 3, 30 April 1925.

412 NAA: A5827, volume 35/agendum 1117, 2 August 1964.

413 The Canberra Times, 13 September 1933, p. 2.

414 'The Federal Capital, Report Explanatory of the Preliminary General Plan', October 1913, p. 21, paragraph 2.11121, Parliamentary Papers, 1914–17, volume 2, pp. 1034–47.

415 ArchivesACT: A2942, 306, 4 September 1935.

416 The Canberra Times, 13 September 1949, p. 4.

417 anbg.gov.au/gardens/about/history/index.html, accessed 11 December 2012; ArchivesACT, The Canberra Botanic Gardens (research guide prepared by Parks and Gardens), 1966.

418 NAA: A5819, volume 12/agendum 475, 21 November 1962.

419 NAA: A5841, 346, 8 July 1966.

420 NAA: A5868, 658, 8 July 1969.

421 Commonwealth Gazette, number 106, 11 November 1971, pp. 6969–70.

422 Lindsay Pryor National Arboretum, nationalcapital.gov.au, accessed 23 February 2013.


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