Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4 | Chapter 5 | Chapter 6 | Chapter 7 | Chapter 8
Chapter 9 | Chapter 10 | Chapter 11 | Chapter 12 | Chapter 13 | Chapter 14 | Chapter 15
Chapter 16 | Chapter 17
2 NAA: A461, A412/1/2 part 1, Northern Territory miscellaneous, 2 March 1935
3 NAA: A461, A412/1/2 part 2, Northern Territory miscellaneous, 26 August 1948
7 NAA: E1636, Register of requests for refund of purchase money under the Northern Territory Amendment Act 1868 (London register), 1869–70.
9 John McDouall Stuart's exploration of the Northern Territory, and the subsequent construction of the overland telegraph line, was the subject of a documentary entitled A Wire Through the Heart shown on ABC television in 2007.
16 NAA: A3, NT1914/3401, Pastoral permits Northern Territory.
7 NAA: A3, NT1916/2606, Visit of Secretary to the Northern Territory.
9 NAA: A3, NT1914/3682, Reports by Captain H V Barclay on certain bores on the Barkly Tablelands and on the stock route Victoria River to Newcastle Waters, 3 August 1911.
11 Douglas Lockwood, Darwin: The Front Door (Sydney, 1969), p. 139. Douglas R Barrie also recited the pumpkin story; The Heart of Rum Jungle: The History of Rum Jungle and Batchelor in the Northern Territory of Australia (Maryborough, 1982), pp. 94–95.
19 NAA: A2, 1917/1753, Northern Territory position of the Administrator.
25 NAA: A3, NT1922/3709, Reorganisation of Northern Territory administration. Poynton's report was prepared in June 1921.
26 NAA: A3, NT1922/2695, H M Trower – termination of appointment.
32 NAA: A2, 1916/1785, Northern Territory committee to report on question of settlement.
35 NAA: F20, 86/1, Lands Office reorganisation, report of H J Aylward. In 1928 another review of the Darwin Lands Office was conducted by H J Aylward, a retired land officer from New South Wales. He too commented on the poor quality of staff in Darwin.
36 NAA: A3, NT1917/77, T E Day report on control and administration of Northern Territory, 4 December 1916.
39 NAA: A3, NT1923/3088, F A C Bishop – chief veterinary officer – visit of inspector.
44 J C Lewis, the first Chief Inspector of Stock, also prepared a report on stock diseases in the Territory; 'Veterinary and Stock Report and Some of the Diseases in Stock', Bulletin of the Northern Territory, number 8 (Melbourne, July 1913).
2 NAA: A3, NT1922/2695, H M Trower – termination of appointment, 2 June 1922.
3 Commonwealth Parliamentary Debates, Senate, volume XCIX, 12 July 1922, p. 310. In 1926 Pearce had spoken in Parliament about the 'battles in Cabinet' that Territory Ministers faced in order to have their development proposals approved and funded. Other Ministers were suspicious because of past failures; Commonwealth Parliamentary Debates, Senate, volume 112, 21 January 1926, p. 233.
4 'The Northern Territory, problem of its development, the Federal Government's policy', Advertiser (Adelaide), 3 November 1922, p. 11. By 1923 there were 470 pastoral leases, with 121 leases held under the 1890 South Australian Act, ninety leases under the 1899 South Australian Act, and 259 leases under the 1912 Crown Lands Ordinance.
5 NAA: A2124, 5, Papers relating to the Northern Territory accumulated by the Secretary to Minister for Home and Territories, 3 March 1923.
6 NAA: A431, 1946/868, Proposed land policy.
8 NAA: A6006, 1923/3/21, Land Ordinance Northern Territory, 21 March 1923.
9 NAA: A659, 1945/1/1088, Northern Territory land resumptions 1945.
10 NAA: A431, 1946/860, Crown Land Ordinance.
13 NAA: A659, 1943/1/7032 part 1, Appointment of committee to review land policy – Northern Territory (W L Payne report), 7 December 1936.
14 NAA: A2718, volume 1, part 1, Bruce–Page Ministry, Cabinet minutes 12 February to 7 December 1923 (Decision: Northern Territory Executive Commission, 20 November 1923).
15 A series of telegrams between Cabinet, Bruce and Pearce record the discussions at that time; NAA: A3934, SC42/25, Executive Commission, 1923.
20 NAA: F20, 93, Water boring and conservation – water supplies on leases – assistance. The Commission's views on water were outlined in a memo dated 25 August 1927.
22 NAA: F20, 1, Northern Australia Act, 1926 proclamation of etc.
23 NAA: F20, 62, Railway survey (trial) to Western Australia border – also road traverses.
24 NAA: A1, 1934/3449, Northern Territory Pastoral Lessees Association deputation to Minister 1932 development of Northern Territory, 31 August 1932.
25 NAA: A3259, volume 2, part 1, Lyons Ministry – Minutes of Cabinet Meetings, 1934 (Decision 964, Interim report of Committee of Investigation Northern Territory pastoral leases).
27 NAA: A2694, volume 7, submission 589, Development of north–west Australia. A copy is held in Pearce's personal papers; NLA Canberra: MS1827, series 8, folios 1827/590–592. The submission was not dated; however, Pearce's papers show that it was sent to Cabinet on 19 April 1933; MS1827, series 8, folio 1827/586.
28 NAA: A1, 1934/3449, Northern Territory Pastoral Lessees Association deputation to Minister, 31 August 1932.
29 NAA: A2694, volume 9, submission 589, Development of north–west Australia, 13 July 1933. The sub– committee had sent a submission to Cabinet on 17 May 1933 with preliminary recommendations, which were approved on 18 May 1933; A2694, volume 8, submission 589.
35 NAA: A2694, volume 12, submission 1048, Development of North Australia: proposals for the formation of a chartered company with jurisdiction over the Barkly Tablelands and adjoining areas, 10 April 1934.
37 NAA: A431, 1946/622, H E Beaven report on the Vanderlin Island meat works, 14 December 1934.
38 NAA: CP290/1, bundle 1, 12, Barkly Tableland Cooperative Cabinet submission, Annexure B, 8 February 1935. Casey replaced Walter Massy–Greene as Assistant Treasurer in October 1933.
39 NAA: A659, 1939/1/8371, Report of Development Branch, development of the Northern Territory, 25 February 1935.
40 North Australia Development: Barkly Tablelands Proposal, 25 February 1935. Copies of this submission are held by NAA: CP290/1, bundle 1, 12, Barkly Tableland Cooperative Cabinet submission, and NLA: MS1827, series 8, folios 1827/676–685. Precisely when Cabinet discussed the matter is unknown, as no record can be found of it actually being listed on the agenda for Cabinet meetings.
41 The Commonwealth's copy of the letter cited here cannot be located. McLaren and Cooper quoted from the original copy of the letter in the records of the Pastoral Lessees Association held by the Northern Territory Archives Service; Glen McLaren and William Cooper, Distance, Drought and Dispossession, A History of the Northern Territory Pastoral Industry (Darwin, 2001), p. 128.
47 NAA: A659, 1943/1/7032 part 1, Committee to review Land Policy – Northern Territory – W L Payne report, 1938–53.
48 NAA Canberra: A2694, volume 16, part 1, submission 1828, Land policy in the Northern Territory, 9 July 1936. Cabinet approved Paterson's request on 10 July 1936.
50 NAA: A2694, volume 17, part 1, submission 1828, Northern Territory land committee.
51 NAA: A659, 1943/1/7032 part 1, Op cit.
52 Australia. Report of the Board of Inquiry appointed to Inquire into the Land and Land Industries of the Northern Territory of Australia; Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1937–40), volume III, pp. 813–925.
56 The Board was established in 1931, after the demise of the North Australia Commission, to classify vacant Crown lands prior to leasing, approve applications for leases, determine lease rents, and monitor leaseholders' compliance with the terms of their leases.
58 NAA: A1, 1938/4963, Deputation to Minister by Pastoral Lessees Association re Northern Territory investigation committee report.
59 NAA: A2694, volume 18, part 5, submission 477, Pastoral industry, October 1938.
61 NAA: A659, 1940/1/424, Boring for water in the Northern Territory, 17 August 1939.
62 Report on the Administration of the Northern Territory for Year 1939–40, p. 3. This report was not published as part of the consolidated set of Parliamentary Papers due to wartime restrictions. Copies are held by the National Archives of Australia in Darwin and the Northern Territory Archives Service.
1 NAA: CP764/2, Report on the administration of the Northern Territory by J A Carrodus, 1934.
2 NAA: A1, 1938/4979, Minister's visit to north and central Australia; report by C L A Abbott following his visit to the Northern Territory, June 1929, p. 7.
3 NAA: A461, B412/1/2 part 1, Northern Territory administration, 7 November 1936.
4 NAA: A981, IMP111, Imperial Conference – 1923, summary of proceedings and conclusions.
5 NAA: A2694, volume 3, submission 171, Emergency defence of Darwin, 11 May 1932.
7 NAA: A2673, War Cabinet Minute 1578, Evacuation of women and children from Darwin, New Guinea and Papua, 12 December 1941.
10 NAA: E72, item DP14873/4, Exhumation, transfer of remains of Japanese servicemen from Berrimah to Japan.
11 NAA: F1, 1942/407, War damage and looting, Darwin – enquiries by the War Damage Commission, 28 May 1942.
12 NAA: A816, 37/301/310, Air raid on Darwin – final report of Commission of Inquiry, 1942.
14 NAA: F1, 1940/230, Planning of town of Darwin.
17 NAA: F1, 1946/159 part 1, Darwin Lands Acquisition Act.
18 NAA: A2700, submission 898, Town planning, Darwin, 27 July 1945.
19 NAA: A2700, submission 735, Planning for the rebuilding and economic development of Darwin, 21 September 1944.
20 NAA: F1, 1966/4452, History of town planning, Darwin, 1942–44.
21 NAA: A2700, submission 1022A, Interim report on the economic and commercial development of Darwin and the Northern Territory.
23 NAA: A2700, submission 940, Northern Australia, 25 September 1945.
24 NAA: AA1972/841, 11, Northern Australia Development Committee development of northern Australia, 1947.
25 NAA: A431, 1947/1255, Formation of the Northern Australia Development Committee.
26 NAA: A431, 1949/1045, Ministerial visit to the Northern Territory, 1943–46.
27 NAA: A2700, submission 1092, Leasing of land for pastoral purposes, Northern Territory, 27 February 1946; submission 1093, Bores on stock routes, 27 February 1946; submission 1092A, Limitation of areas of pastoral leases, Northern Territory, 4 April 1946; submission 1152, Crown Lands Ordinance, Northern Territory, 10 April 1946.
30 NAA: F1, 1948/142, British Food Mission investigations, 1948.
31 NAA: A2700, submission 1585A, Development of the beef industry North Australia, 12 May 1949.
32 NAA: A2700, submission 1585, Development of the beef industry North Australia, 7 April 1949.
4 NAA: A4909, 28, Administrator of Northern Territory, 19 June 1951.
8 NAA: F20, 88, Betterment tax.
9 Australia. Board of Inquiry appointed to Inquire into the Land and Land Industries of the Northern Territory, p. 30, paragraph 157, Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1937–40), volume III, pp 813–925.
11 NAA: F1, 1948/142, British Food Mission investigations.
12 NAA: A463, 1957/2946, Advisory Council on air beef transport.
13 NAA: A4905, volume 12, submission 288, Railway from Dajarra to Newcastle Waters, 17 June 1952; volume 17, submission 416, Railway from Dajarra to Newcastle Waters, 17 March 1953; volume 20, submission 564, Railway from Dajarra to Birdum, 19 October 1953.
15 NAA: A463, 1957/2946, Advisory Council on air beef transport, 31 January 1956.
17 NAA: A4906, volume 3, submission 95, Expert panel air transport of beef.
18 NAA: A463, 1957/2946, Advisory Council on air beef transport.
19 NAA: A987, E1005 part 5, Air beef Commonwealth air beef interim report.
20 NAA: A452, 1957/481 part 2, Advisory panel air beef transport Northern Territory, 11 December 1957.
21 NAA: A987, E1005 part 5, Air beef Commonwealth air beef interim report.
22 NAA: A2700, submission 1585B, Development of meat production, 15 August 1949. The submission was approved by Cabinet on 19 August 1949.
23 NAA: A461, H412/1/3, Barkly Tableland railway.
24 NAA: AA1972/841, 12, Road transportation of cattle, trials, 1948.
25 NTAS: F1439, 1958/482, Transport of cattle by road K Johanssen. Maddock also noted that the Kittle Brothers briefly operated a cattle trucking service from Banka Banka station (on the Barkly Tableland), from 1946; John Maddock, The History of Road Trains in the Northern Territory, 1934–1988 (Kenthurst, 1988), pp. 35–36.
26 NAA: F425, C22 part 1, Development of Northern Australia, 16 June 1949.
27 NAA: A5915, submission 1111, NT development roads, August 1974.
28 NAA: A452, 1957/481 part 1, Advisory panel air beef transport Northern Territory.
29 NAA F1, 1951/1055 part 2, Beef transport and marketing conference, Adelaide, 1957.
30 NAA: A452, 1957/481 part 1, Advisory panel air beef transport Northern Territory. Memo by departmental officer E J Wood, 5 May 1956.
31 NAA: A452, 1957/481 part 1, Advisory panel air beef transport Northern Territory. Memo by departmental officer E J Wood, 5 May 1956.
32 NAA: F1, 1965/1737, Investigation, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, economics of road transport of beef in the NT, 8 March 1960.
33 NAA: A452, 1961/27, Policy relating to development of roads in north Australia, 13 December 1960.
34 NAA: A463, 1965/3493, Beef road development.
35 NAA: NTAC1980/26, 1973/1296, Beef roads Northern Territory. This file contains a summary of expenditure on beef roads and developmental roads from 1954–55 to 1973–74.
36 The 1956–59 figure is taken from Maddock's The History of Road Trains in the Northern Territory, p. 117; the 1973 figure is taken from NAA: NTAC1980/26, 1973/1676, Value of primary production.
39 NAA: M331, 163, Crown Lands Ordinance Northern Territory, 6 December 1951.
41 NAA: F1, 1951/747 part 2, Cattle industry Northern Territory; report prepared by Lionel Rose entitled 'Basic data designed to indicate value of Animal Industry Organisation in Northern Territory beef production', 14 December 1951.
42 NAA: A659, 1943/1/6124, Bores on stock routes.
43 NAA: A659, 1943/1/6124, Bores on stock routes, 4 July 1944.
44 NAA: F1, 1952/106, Stock Routes Ordinance.
45 NAA: A452, 1956/1185, Movement of cattle Northern Territory.
48 NAA: A431, 1946/924, Northern Territory committee regarding land administration Northern Territory, including Lands and Titles Office Darwin; Cabinet submission 38, Land Policy, Northern Territory, 18 May 1939.
49 NAA: A452, 1955/642, Land Court Northern Territory, 10 January 1946.
50 NAA: A452, 1955/642, Land Court Northern Territory. The letter to Queensland was dated 14 April 1949; Queensland's reply was dated 20 May 1949. The letter to South Australia was dated 20 July 1949; South Australia's reply was dated 3 November 1949.
52 NAA: F425, C27 part 3, Land Board, 24 April 1963.
53 NAA: F1, 1958/1712, Establishment of Land Court in Northern Territory, 17 June 1959.
54 NAA: A5827, volume 10, agendum 322, Northern Territory Development, 16 February 1964.
55 NAA: NTAC1980/26, 1975/178, Northern Division.
57 NAA: NTAC1980/26, item 1973/676, Briefing notes prepared by Northern Division for Minister.
61 NAA: A4940, C3526, Northern Territory development 1962/63, 20 July 1964.
64 NAA: E1531, 2, Development of the Northern Territory – Department of Territories.
67 NAA: M331, 164, Cultural development Northern Territory, 17 March 1953.
69 NAA: F1, 1971/2435, Sub-coastal plains occupation development licences policy, May 1968.
70 NAA: A431, 1947/147, Important happenings, Northern Territory.
71 NAA: A431, 1951/203 part 1, Important happenings, Northern Territory.
4 Darwin Cyclone Damage Compensation Act 1975, Report for Period 31 May to 30 June 1975, pp. 2–3; Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1975), volume 1, paper 20; Report for the Year ended 30 June 1976, pp. 1–2; Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1976), volume 3, paper 1.
5 NAA: A5925, Cabinet decision 3089, Cyclone Tracy overseas offers of assistance 30 December 1974.
7 NAA: A5915, submission 1519, Reconstruction of the city of Darwin; decision 3092, 1974.
8 Planning Options for Future Darwin, 17 January 1975; Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1975), volume 10, paper 15; Darwin Planning Guidelines, 4 March 1975; Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1975), volume 10, paper 14.
11 NAA: F1076, 1975/101, Northern Territory Disaster Council, 1975–78.
2 NAA: A5818, volume 1/agendum 22, Northern Territory constitutional reform, 23 January 1959.
3 NAA: A3, NT1915/3868, Appointment of Board of Advice to Administrator, 1915.
4 NAA: E68, DP371, Executive and Legislation Council.
7 NAA: A2700, 1224, Legislative Council, Northern Territory, 2 August 1946.
8 NAA: A2700, 1224A, Legislative Council, Northern Territory, 23 October 1946.
9 Northern Territory. Report of the Select Committee of the Legislative Council appointed to Inquire into the Necessity or Otherwise for Constitutional Reform in the Northern Territory (Darwin, 1957).
10 NAA: A5818, volume 1/agendum 22, Northern Territory constitutional reform, 23 January 1959.
11 NAA: A5818, volume 1/agendum 22, Cabinet decision 35, Northern Territory constitutional reform, 9 February 1959.
12 NAA: A5818, volume 34/agendum 1407, Northern Territory constitutional reform, 24 October 1961.
13 The report was attached to agendum 745 which Hasluck sent to Cabinet on 1 July 1953 with the title Northern Territory Constitutional Reform; NAA Canberra, A5819, volume 19/agendum 745.
14 NAA: A5827, volume 5, 159, Northern Territory – form of government, 30 April 1964. This submission contains a copy of the Interdepartmental Committee's report.
15 NAA: A5873, 658, Northern Territory – political and administrative arrangements, 3 September 1970.
17 NAA: A5915, 146, Joint Committee on the Northern Territory, 28 February 1973.
18 The Committee presented an interim report in April 1974, Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1974), volume 13, paper 8, and a final report in November 1974, Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1974), volume 13, paper 9.
20 Helen J Wilson, 'The Quality of Life or A Study on Municipal Functions in the Town of Darwin 1930–1946 and the Effect of the Military Build-up Therein', MA qualifying thesis, University of Queensland (1986).
21 NAA: A2694, volume 3, submission 179, Darwin Town Council Ordinance, 18 May 1932.
23 NAA: F1, 1947/337 part 2, Town Management Board meetings, minutes and general correspondence; memo dated 14 February 1949.
24 The Northern Territory Report for the Period 1st July 1949 to 30th June 1953 (Commonwealth Government Printer: Canberra, 1955), p. 11. Unlike other Northern Territory reports, this report was not published as part of the consolidated set of Parliamentary Papers.
25 NAA: NTAC1980/55, 3, Request for reports, 1951.
1 The terms 'half-caste', and sometimes 'quadroon and 'octoroon' were used at the time to describe a person of both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal heritage. These terms appear regularly in item titles and in correspondence. They have been retained where they appear in the original item titles in accordance with the usual archival practice and because, in themselves, they give information about the attitudes of the time and the context in which the records were created.
5 NAA: F1,1957/367. Patrol officer E J (Ted) Egan, 27 September 1957.
11 NAA: A12909, submission 314, Implementation of party policy on Aboriginal land rights, May 1976.
12 Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody: Interim Report, Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1989), volume 2, paper 20; National Report, volumes 1–4, Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1991), volume 12; National Report, volume 5; Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1991), volume 13.
13 Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, Bringing Them Home: Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families (Sydney, 1997).
16 See Fact Sheet 114 – Memorandum of Understanding with Northern Territory Aboriginal people; Fact Sheet 205 – Memorandum of Understanding with the Victorian Aboriginal Child Care Agency; and Fact Sheet 209 – Memorandum of Understanding with SA Indigenous people on the National Archives' website: www.naa.gov.au
1 The history of the Lands and Survey Branches in the Northern Territory has been researched by Geoffrey Helyar, They Led the Way: A Short Account of the Lands and Survey Department of the Northern Territory, 1869–1978 (Darwin, 1990).
2 The history of the pastoral industry in the Commonwealth era has been researched by the author in his PhD thesis, Edward Ling, 'Blame and Martyrs: The Commonwealth Government's Administration of the Northern Territory's Pastoral Industry, 1911–1978', Charles Darwin University (2010).
5 NAA: A2700, volume 14, submission 792, NT medical and veterinary services, 14 February 1945.
7 In December 1951 Rose prepared a document that summarised veterinary services in the Territory both before and after the establishment of the Animal Industry Branch; NAA Darwin: F1, 1951/747 part 2, Cattle industry Northern Territory.
8 NAA: A452, 1956/149, Crown Lands Ordinances Northern Territory, 20 January 1960.
10 The history of agriculture in the Northern Territory has been researched by Ian Hillock, 'Rethinking Colonial Endeavour in relation to Agricultural Settlement in the Northern Territory, 1863–1945: A Critical Perspective', PhD thesis, Charles Darwin University (2005).
14 NAA: A5827, volume 4/agendum119, Northern Territory establishment of farms on leases held by Adelaide River Limited, 6 April 1964. Cabinet approved the submission on 23 April 1964.
15 NAA: A5841, 173, Northern Territory pilot farms Marrakai, 2 May 1966. Cabinet approved the submission on 12 May 1966.
16 NAA: A12909, 1073, Northern Territory Marrakai pilot farms, 28 February 1977.
18 NAA: A659, 1942/1/7640, Northern Territory – water bores on stock routes.
19 The 1911 figure was provided by George Pearce in a speech to Parliament; Commonwealth Parliamentary Debates, Senate, volume XCIX, 12 July 1922, p. 308. The 1939 figure was provided by Phelts, 'Water and the Economic Development of the Northern Territory', p. 85.
20 NAA: E125, 1976/1251, Boring and stock routes Northern Territory history.
21 Australia. Board of Inquiry appointed to Inquire into the Land and Land Industries of the Northern Territory of Australia, Report, p. 18, paragraph 92; Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1937–40), volume III, pp.813–925.
22 NAA: A2700, volume 24, submission 1093, Bores on stock routes, 27 February 1946.
23 NAA: A4905, 267, Drought relief – Northern Territory pastoral industry, 1 May 1952.
24 A brief history of this branch will be found in Northern Territory. Water Resources History Committee. WaterResources Forty Years On, A History of the Northern Territory Water Resources Division (Darwin, 1998). 25 NTAS: NTRS2500, L506 part 3, Pastoral leases general, 1973.
1 NAA: A1, 1911/16191, Northern Territory taking of the census, 1911.
2 Australian Bureau of Statistics website; www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS (accessed 3 January 2011).
1 Northern Territory housing has been researched by Whitehead and Dewar: Jan Whitehead, 'Settling Down: The Role of Housing in the Commonwealth's Northern Territory', PhD thesis, Charles Darwin University (2007); Mickey Dewar, Darwin – No Place like Home: A History of Australia's Northern Capital in the 1950s through a Study of Housing (Darwin, 2010).
2 NAA: F1, 1951/1012, Proposed housing schemes Northern Territory, 6 November 1951.
3 NAA: A4926, 1156, Northern Territory–housing for persons other than government employees.
7 NAA: F1, 1950/591, Stock routes and bores, general.
2 NAA: A238, Draft handbook of the Northern Territory compiled by Staniforth Smith, Acting Administrator, 1921, p. 39.
1 Ellen Kettle, 'History of Northern Territory Health Services', 1985, (www.ntl.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_ file/0003/25194/Kettle_HistoryNTHealthServ.pdf (accessed 9 January 2011).
8 NAA: F1, 1965/2663, Education Board.
1 Bureau of Meteorology website: www.bom.gov.au/nt/rsmc (accessed 8 January 2011).
1 Ian Hillock, 'Rethinking Colonial Endeavour in relation to Agricultural Settlement in the Northern Territory, 1863–1945: A Critical Perspective', PhD thesis, Charles Darwin University (2005), pp. x, xvii.
4 NAA: CP764/2, Report on the administration of the Northern Territory by J A Carrodus, 1934, pp. 8–9.
5 Australia. Board of Inquiry appointed to Inquire into the Land and Land Industries of the Northern Territory of Australia, Report, Commonwealth Parliamentary Papers (1937–40), volume III, pp. 813–925; the maxims were printed opposite page 66.
6 NAA: A3934, item SC42/25, Executive Commission, 1923.
13 NAA: F1, 1962/2061, Pastoral leases policy [part 2], 24 September 1964.