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Research Guides


Commonwealth Government Records about South Australia


Immigration policy, schemes and agreements

The Commonwealth and various state governments developed a range of policies and schemes to encourage migration to Australia. In the years immediately before World War I, comparatively high immigration levels were witnessed, with the active involvement of governments and voluntary organisations including South Australia's assistance scheme of 1911.

The state-run soldier settlement schemes after World War I provided more migrants to South Australia, as both Australian and British soldiers were encouraged to settle on the land. Child migration schemes, such as the Barwell Boys and Big Brother schemes, were also devised to supply agricultural labour.

From the 1920s there were new immigration agreements between the Commonwealth and state governments, and between Britain and Australia. The Commonwealth Government took control of assisted migration schemes.

The post-World War II period saw the highest influx of assisted migrants to South Australia, arriving from Britain and countries all over Europe on various inter-governmental schemes and assistance programs.

Selected items relating to immigration schemes and agreements in South Australia
Canberra
Migration agreement between South Australia and the Commonwealth dated 5 January 1926 CP4/6, 8
Migration agreement – South Australia – approved schemes – return of expenditure and progress reports, 1926–37 A461, C349/2/5 part 1
Migration agreement – South Australia – approved schemes – return of expenditure and progress reports, 1926–37 A461, C349/2/5 part 2
Agreement – migration – South Australia, 1928 CP211/2, 2/57
Immigration – South Australia – government schemes submitted for approval. Road construction, afforestation, 1926–33 A461, D349/2/5
Immigration (£34 million) agreement – South Australia – approved schemes – advances, 1930–37 A461, B349/2/5
British migration – personal nominations South Australia under the Assisted Passage Scheme, 1965–67 A446, 1965/46122

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Chapter 10
Immigration and naturalisation