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Research Guides


Commonwealth Government Records about South Australia


Prominent South Australians - F to J

Sir Howard Walter Florey (1898–1968)

Howard Florey was born in Adelaide and studied medicine at the University of Adelaide. After further studies at Oxford and Cambridge universities, he was appointed Professor of Pathology at Oxford. He studied the antibacterial effect of penicillin on patients and the large-scale production of the active ingredient, which led to the industrial production of the medicine during World War II. As a result of this success Florey was appointed a Knight Bachelor in 1944, and in 1945 shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with his co-researchers, including Alexander Fleming. In 1965 he was made a life peer as Baron Florey. He was also Chancellor of the Australian National University from 1965 until he died in 1968.

SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO SIR HOWARD WALTER FLOREY
Canberra
Visit of Professor Mark Oliphant, Sir Howard Florey, Professor Keith Hancock to Australia, 1946–47 A1067, T46/568
Visit of Professor Mark Oliphant, Professor Howard Florey, Professor Keith Hancock and Professor Raymond Firth, 1946–48 A461, 748/1/842
Photograph of Howard Walter Florey, 1947 A1200, L1592
Medical services – penicillin – Sir Howard Florey's visit to Australia, 1944–46 A1928, 652A/22/6
Melbourne
Visit of Brigadier Sir Howard Florey to Australia – itinerary, 1944 MP742/1, 251/1/1214
Adelaide
Photographs of visit by Sir Howard Florey, 1930–65 D5352, folder 8
Australian War Memorial
Visit of Brigadier Sir Howard Florey – proposed itinerary, 1944 AWM61, 491/1/4637

Julia Eileen Gillard (1961– )

Julia Gillard was born in Wales and migrated with her family to South Australia in 1966. She studied law at the University of Adelaide and in 1983 was elected Vice-president of the Australian Union of Students. After practising as a lawyer focusing on employment law, Gillard was elected to the House of Representatives in 1998. She was sworn in as Australia's first female prime minister in 2010.

SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO JULIA EILEEN GILLARD
Canberra
Migrant selection documents, John and Moira Gillard (including daughter Julia), 1965–66 A1877, 07/02/1966 FAIRSKY GILLARD J O
Sydney
Miscellaneous cuts including interview with Julia Gillard, newly elected president of the Australian Union of Students, audio tape, 1982 C100, 83/10/1317 M

Janine Haines (1945–2004)

Janine Haines was born in Tanunda, South Australia. She was the first female leader of a federal political party in Australia, becoming leader of the Australian Democrats in 1986. Haines served in the Senate from 1977 until her term expired in 1978. She contested the federal election in 1980 and represented the Democrats until 1990. She was made a Member of the Order of Australia in 2001. The Archives holds a collection of personal papers deposited by Haines.

SELECTED SERIES RELATING TO JANINE HAINES (CP 371)
Canberra
Recorded by: Janine Haines (CP 371)
General correspondence files, 1977–90 M1653
Miscellaneous records, 1978–86 M1676
Folders of invitations (accepted and declined), 1984–92 M2343
Overseas and interstate travel folders, 1984–88 M2455
Speeches, research material and book reviews, 1981–89 M2516
Miscellaneous files (including Democrat senators' correspondence and minutes of meetings), 1982–83 M2517
Personal diaries, 1985–89 M2518
Personal correspondence, 1984–90 M2520
Senate business papers (copies), 1984 M2521
Research and general subject files, 1976–90 M2545
Manuscript – 'Suffrage to sufferance: a hundred years of women in politics', 1991 M3324
Baghdad files, 1990–91 M3325
Papers on Women's Suffrage Centenary, 1992–93 M3799
SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO JANINE HAYNES
Canberra
Personal papers of Prime Minister Fraser, includes biographical details for Janine Haines, 1979–81 M1267, 1
Statement presented in Sydney by JA Haines, 1985 A6455, RC840
Photograph of women Members of Parliament, 1988 A6180, 28/3/88/5

Robert James Lee 'Bob' Hawke (1929– )

Bob Hawke was born in Bordertown, South Australia. He studied arts and law at the University of Western Australia, and in 1953 he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship and went to Oxford University. President of the Australian Council of Trade Unions between 1970 and 1980, he became a member of the National Executive of the Australian Labor Party in 1971 and was also its President from 1973 to 1978. In October 1980, Hawke was elected to the House of Representatives and in February 1983 became Leader of the Opposition. A month later he became Prime Minister and, for most of his term, was one of Australia's most popular prime ministers. After a second and successful leadership challenge by Paul Keating, Hawke resigned as Prime Minister in December 1991. He was made a Companion of the Order of Australia in January 1979, given the Freedom of the City of London in 1999, and was a recipient of the Centenary Medal in 2001. The Archives holds a personal papers collection deposited by Hawke.

Selected series relating to Robert James Lee 'Bob' Hawke
Canberra and Sydney
Series: CP390
Recorded by: Robert James Lee 'Bob' Hawke (CP390)
Foreign Affairs and Defence papers containing some classified material maintained by the Prime Minister, 1983–91 M3571
Invitations to and correspondence from the Prime Minister maintained by the Appointments Secretary, 1983–91 M3587
Cabinet decisions maintained by the Prime Minister, 1986–91 M3588
Cabinet submissions, memoranda and notes maintained by the Prime Minister, 1987–91 M3591
Files, diaries, contact numbers and media guides from RJL Hawke's Senior Private Secretary, 1983–91 M3594
Correspondence to and from the Prime Minister and his parliamentary office, 1983–91 M3596
Cabinet papers related to Budget considerations, 1983–92 M3597
Correspondence and congratulatory telegrams maintained by the office of the Prime Minister, 1984–91 M3601
Papers from the press office of the Prime Minister, 1983–91 M3641
Folders of papers relating to various portfolios, 1983–86 M3825
Royal commissions, 1983–86 M3842
Electorate correspondence, 1980–92 M3843
Various speeches, briefs, talking points and notes maintained by the Prime Minister, 1983–91 M3851
Hand written draft papers, letters and notes on various topics, 1983–88 M3853
Subject files, 1983–91 M3855
Overseas visits, background notes, letters of thanks, transcripts of speeches, 1983–91 M3856
Folders and papers maintained as Shadow Minister and Leader of the Opposition, 1972–83 M3857
Papers maintained by the Prime Minister's speech writer, 1983–91 M4073
Audio and audiovisual material recorded by or sent to the Prime Minister Robert James Lee Hawke, 1976–91 M3658
Audio cassette, RJL Hawke, maiden speech in the House of Representatives, 1980 M5056
Non-constituent correspondence, 1980–91 M5064
Patronage files, 1983–91 M5063
University of South Australia
Private, 'The Opening of Australia's Parliament House by Her Majesty the Queen, 9 May 1988', publication, 1988 M3828
Private miscellaneous undated photographs and general correspondence with photographs, 1976–91 M3846
SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO ROBERT JAMES LEE 'BOB' HAWKE
Canberra
Representations to the Minister by Mr RJ Hawke, President of the Australian Council of Trade Unions regarding tribal land rights, 1971 A1734, NT1971/977
Prime Minister Hawke's correspondence with President of United States of America, 1983 A1209, 1983/422 part 1
Prime Minister Hawke's correspondence with President of United States of America, 1983 A1209, 1983/422 part 2
Prime Minister Hawke's correspondence with President of United States of America, 1983 A1209, 1983/422 part 3
Photograph of Bob Hawke at a lunchtime rally at Parliament House against the dismissal of the Whitlam government, 1975 A6180, 13/11/75/63
Photograph of Bob Hawke campaigning in Adelaide, 1983 A6180, 2/3/83/2
Photograph of Bob Hawke campaigning in Adelaide, 1983 A6180, 2/3/83/3
Photograph of Bob Hawke campaigning in Adelaide, 1983 A6180, 2/3/83/4
Photograph of Bob Hawke with wife Hazel at the national tally room on election night, 1983 A6180, 7/3/83/1
Photograph of official portrait of Bob Hawke, Prime Minister, 11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991, 1983 A6180, 31/5/83/1

Sir Ivor Henry Thomas Hele (1912–93)

Ivor Hele was born in Adelaide and trained as an artist at the Australian School of Art. He became Australia's longest-serving official war artist, serving in North Africa, New Guinea and later in Korea. Hele won the Archibald Prize five times and was the most commissioned artist in the history of Australian art.

SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO SIR IVOR HENRY THOMAS HELE
Canberra
Appointment of Ivor Hele official war artist – Korea, 1952 A816, 58/301/259
Photograph of the 1954 Archibald Prize winning portrait of the Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies, painted by Ivor Hele, 1953, 1963 A1200, L43382
Sydney
Exhibition of war pictures by Captain Ivor Hele, 1945 SP459/1, 447/1/2394
World War II service file – Ivor Henry Thomas Hele, 1940–88 B2458, SX700092
Adelaide
World War II pay file – Ivor Henry Thomas Hele, 1940–47 D1358, SX7174
Australian War Memorial
Appointment and work of Mr Ivor Hele as Official War Artist, 1940–42 AWM93, 50/4/2/66 part 1
Appointment and work of Mr Ivor Hele as Official War Artist, 1940–42 AWM93, 50/4/2/66 part 2
Reports by SX7174 – Captain Ivor Hele, 1941 AWM315, 205/002/006 02
Reports by SX7174 – Captain Ivor Hele, 1941 AWM315, 205/002/006 03

Sir Robert Helpmann (1909–86)

Robert Helpmann was born in Mount Gambier, South Australia. He was educated in Adelaide and went on to become an internationally recognised dancer, actor, theatre director and choreographer. Helpmann was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1964 and awarded Australian of the Year in 1968. He was Artistic Director of the Adelaide Festival of Arts from 1970 to 1976.

SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO SIR ROBERT HELPMANN
Canberra
Robert Helpmann – Honour, 1954–61 A463, 1959/4035
Photograph of Robert Helpmann, famous Australian dancer, choreographer, actor and producer, 1962 A1200, L42403
Condolences, congratulations – includes congratulatory telegrams to Sir Robert Helpmann and others re Imperial honours, 1967–68 M4300, 3
Melbourne
Photograph of Sir Robert Helpmann, 1963–70 B950, PERSONALITIES THEATRE
Photograph of Sir Robert Helpmann and Dame Margot Fonteyn, 1963–70 B950, PERSONALITIES THEATRE
Sydney
Robert Helpmann and Kate Hepburn segment, magnetic sound film, 1958 C475, ARCH 04F/0221
Robert Helpmann introducing The Australian Ballet, moving images, 1966 C475, ARCH 00FV/0690
Australian artists overseas, Sir Robert Helpmann, sound recording, 1966–88 C100, 73/10/4078 M
Margo Lee and Sir Robert Helpmann interviewed by Glenn Menzies, audio tape of the ABC's The Showman program, 1968 C915, SH548

Sir Wilhelm Ernst Hans Franz Heysen (1877–1968)

Hans Heysen was born in Hamburg, Germany, and migrated to South Australia in 1884. He studied at the school of design at the Art Gallery of South Australia under HP Gill, and later spent four years studying in Europe. A highly prolific landscape artist, Heysen was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, and in 1959 was made a Knight Bachelor for service to art.

SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO SIR WILHELM ERNST HANS FRANZ HEYSEN
Canberra
Application for admission of relative or friend – applicant – Hans William Heysen; nominee – Hans Gerd Heysen; nationality German, 1950 A261, 1950/254
Acquisition of landscape painting by Hans Heysen for the Australian embassy, Paris, 1951–52 A462, 777/13
Water colour and chalk drawing by Hans Heysen – presentation to Her Majesty The Queen and Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, 1952 A462, 775/17
Hans Heysen – honour, 1959 A463, 1959/4473
Paintings by Sir Hans Heysen – inclusion in the Tate Gallery exhibition, 1961 A463, 1962/6837
Photograph of Sir Hans Heysen, famous German artist, 1972 A12111, 1/1972/6/52
Adelaide
Heysen, Hans William – memorial of naturalisation, 1899 A711, 3833

Nora Heysen (1911–2003)

Nora Heysen, daughter of artist Hans Heysen, was born in Hahndorf, South Australia. A noted artist in her own right, Nora studied at the School of Fine Arts in Adelaide and continued her studies in London. In 1938 she became the first woman to win the Archibald Prize. She was appointed an official war artist to depict the women's war effort in 1943. She worked in New Guinea and Australia, completing more than 170 works during her appointment. Nora continued to work as an artist and in 1998 was appointed a Member of the Order of Australia for her service to art.

SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO NORA HEYSEN
Canberra
World War II service file – Nora Heysen, 1939–48 B883, VFX94085
Australian War Memorial
Request for the loan of works of Miss Nora Heysen by the Council for Women in War Work (Miss Ruby Rich), 1944 AWM93, 50/4/1/20
Application and appointment as Official War Artist – Miss Nora Heysen, 1943–48 AWM93, 50/4/2/131 part 1
Application and appointment as Official War Artist – Miss Nora Heysen, 1943–48 AWM93, 50/4/2/131 part 2

Dr Miriam Beatrice Hyde (1913–2005)

Pianist and composer Miriam Hyde was born in Adelaide and graduated from the Elder Conservatorium of Music in 1931. She attended the Royal College of Music in London from 1932 until 1936, playing her first recital in 1933. Hyde returned to Australia in 1936 and worked as a composer, musician and teacher, receiving numerous awards throughout her career, including the Order of the British Empire in 1981.

SELECTED ITEMS RELATING TO DR MIRIAM BEATRICE HYDE
Sydney
Personal files, artists and staff – Hyde, Miriam, 1936–44 SP1558/2, 118
Miriam Hyde playing own compositions, sound recording, 1974 C100, 80/10/419 M
Miriam Hyde – composer and pianist, 1943–44 SP173/1, HYDE, MIRIAM
Miriam Hyde – Kelso Overture, Aegean Suite for flute and strings, sound recording, 1961 C918, PRX2XS2154
Australian composers – Alfred Hill, John Antill, Raymond Hanson, Dulcie Holland, Miriam Hyde and Clive Douglas, sound recording, 1970–79 C676, 317
Miriam Hyde – ABC press cuttings and written publicity, 1946–69 SP1011/2, 970
Australian composers – Miriam Hyde, 1936–56 SP827/2, HYDE part 1
Australian composers – Miriam Hyde, 1936–56 SP827/2, HYDE part 2
Australian composers – Miriam Hyde, 1936–56 SP827/2, HYDE part 3
Australian composers – Miriam Hyde, 1936–56 SP827/2, HYDE part 4
Australian composers – Miriam Hyde, 1936–56 SP827/2, HYDE part 5
Australian composers – Miriam Hyde, 1936–56 SP827/2, HYDE part 6
Australian composers – Miriam Hyde, 1936–56 SP827/2, HYDE part 7
ABC publicity photos – Miriam Hyde, composer, 1957 SP1011/1, 2567
Spring – Miriam Hyde, sound recording from the ABC Tasmanian record library, 1950 C1967, GG386

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Chapter 20
Prominent South Australians