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Research Guides


Commonwealth Government Records about Tasmania


Subjects of regulation, licensing, control and monitoring

Aliens

Image 15: Gertrud Malik’s application for registration as an alien, 1951

Image 15: Gertrud Malik’s application for registration as an alien, 1951
NAA: P1184, MALIK, G
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To many of us today, 'aliens' sounds a strange word, more relevant to science fiction than an archival guide. A dictionary definition of alien is anyone born in, or belonging, to another country who has not acquired citizenship by naturalisation and is not entitled to the privileges of a citizen.

In Australia a century ago, it meant someone of non-British descent, typically a person of Chinese or Japanese origin or people collectively referred to as 'Asiatics'. As well as exclusion from the rights of citizenship, it meant for them certain social and occupational restrictions which varied from state to state. As noted under 'Travellers', it could mean special permission was needed to leave and re-enter Australia. During the two world wars especially, aliens (particularly enemy subjects) were required to report regularly at police stations; restricted in their places of residence; mostly prohibited from owning property such as motor cars, cameras or radios; and frequently interned in camps. Even some naturalised people of enemy origin were interned. After World War II, the term fell out of use, though the Aliens Act 1947 remained in force for decades.

Specifically regarding Tasmania, there are aliens' registration files 1942–65 (P1094, P1182, P1184) and aliens' registration cards 1950–67 (P1183) from the Department of Immigration, Tasmania. Applications for registration made by Chinese people in 1916–21 (A396) are from the Special Intelligence Bureau's Hobart office. Also held are 6 Military District Intelligence Section records of aliens 1914–19 (A401). These may include name, place of origin, occupation, address, whether interned and other useful remarks.

Selected series relating to Tasmanian 'aliens'
National Archives, Hobart
Personal case files for non-British migrants who have left Australia, 1948–65 P1094
Alien registration papers – Chinese, Tasmania, 1916–21 A396
Records of aliens, 1914–19 A401

Immigrants

For a family historian, having an immigrant forebear can be very fortunate, for reasons similar to finding one was distantly related to a convict. Success in locating the name of someone who came to Tasmania as an immigrant depends firstly on understanding that not all immigrants were documented in the same way. For example, an assisted British migrant did not appear to the bureaucratic gaze the same way as an enemy internee. A convenient summary of the administrative and policy background and the National Archives' key series is provided in Fact sheet 227 – Immigration records.

Briefly, in the 20th century there were major inflows of migrants into Australia before World War I, during the 1920s, between 1949 and 1951, and again between 1969 and 1971. The first deliberate effort to encourage immigration was the Joint Commonwealth and States Immigration Scheme for British Assisted Migrants, 1921–37. The second was the settlement of refugees and displaced persons from Europe in 1947–54 (most of the 170,000 arriving in 1949–50). The third, for British migrants, incorporated two programs beginning in March 1947, assisted and unassisted, with nearly 500,000 having arrived by 1955.

The first Commonwealth immigration legislation was the Immigration Restriction Act 1901, and until World War II, policy and laws were primarily concerned with the regulation and restriction of non-British immigration. From 1901 to 1945, Commonwealth immigration records are mainly from prime ministers, external affairs, home and territories, home affairs and interior departments.

Records from 1901 to 1945 in the National Archives are almost wholly concerned with non-British immigrants. With the establishment of the Department of Immigration in 1945 in Canberra (and its state branches from 1946), the volume of records about individuals increased dramatically. Case files and migrant selection documents, particularly after 1945, are among the most detailed genealogical sources available. Passenger lists provide the major source for tracing British migrants. For non-British migrants there are different forms of certificates used for entry and re-entry to Australia, including case files and passenger lists. Migrant accommodation records are another source after 1945. Other sources associated with passenger records include ships' official logs, shipping and aircraft movement files, quarantine records and ships' nominal rolls. Nominal rolls are usually associated with migrant selection documents.

Broadly speaking, details of the best series to locate people coming to Tasmania (and to Tasmania via the mainland), are divided between two administrative functions recording passenger movements and processing the immigrant/prospective immigrant's applications and arrival. Note too that TAHO has a series of records concerning immigration to Tasmania, including child migrants (see Brief guide 5), and non-British subjects' applications for certificates of denization and naturalisation for the period 1835–1905 (see Brief guide 10, linc.tas.gov.au).

Passenger arrivals and departures

Passenger records document the movement of people into and out of Australia. The master of each passenger ship and aircraft was required to provide authorities with a list of passengers disembarking and embarking at each port.

The Commonwealth Government assumed responsibility for passenger arrivals and departures in 1923, so holdings mostly date from 1924. Earlier records include arrivals into Fremantle from 1898 and microfilm copies of some earlier lists of passenger arrivals for ports dating back to the 1850s.

To repeat the point, not all of Tasmania's immigrants came directly to Tasmania, but arrived via mainland ports, cities and various rural centres. For an overview of what the National Archives holds locally, see Fact sheet 184 – Passenger records held in Hobart.

The information found in passenger records varies considerably, but from 1924 standard details include name, place and date of embarkation, occupation or profession, sex, age, marital status, country of last permanent residence, nationality and country of intended future residence. Details of the ship (or aircraft) are also given, including name, port of registry, shipping line, master's name, and date and place of arrival.

Selected series and items relating to passengers coming to Australia, including to Tasmania
National Archives, Canberra
Ships' passenger lists – inwards, 1924–64 A907
Incoming passenger list for Hobsons Bay, arriving Launceston 11 January 1925, 1925 A907, 1925/1/109
Incoming passenger list for Bessa, arriving Burnie 4 January 1927, 1927 A907, 1927/1/132
Incoming passenger list for Cumulus, arriving Hobart 30 January 1953, 1953 A907, 1953/1/103
Ships' passenger lists – outwards, 1924–64 A906
Aircraft passenger lists – inwards, 1935–48 A1230
Inwards passenger manifests – aircraft, 1951– A1231
Aircraft passenger lists, outwards, 1935–48 A1229
Outwards passenger manifests – aircraft, 1948– A1232
Passenger cards documenting the movement of people in and out of Tasmania
National Archives, Canberra
Passenger cards (aircraft), 1948–51 SP140/1
Microfilm copy of CRS A2769 – incoming and outgoing passenger cards (controlled by microfilm reel number and card micro-number), 1965– A8140

For arrivals into Tasmania, the records of the Collector of Customs, Hobart, Sub-Collector of Customs, Devonport and Department of Immigration, Tasmania Branch are an excellent source.

Passenger lists documenting the movement of people in and out of Tasmania
National Archives, Hobart
Passenger lists and crew lists (inward) – Port of Hobart, 1903–51 P2005
Passenger lists and crew lists (outward) – Port of Hobart, 1903–51 P2004
Register of passenger lists for overseas ships calling in at Tasmanian ports, 1924–63 P1203
Register of passenger lists for interstate ships calling in at Tasmanian ports, 1924–63 P1201
Register of passenger lists for overseas ships departing from Tasmanian ports, 1924–63 P1074
Passenger lists, inward/outward, Burnie, 1939–48 P2031
Register of passenger lists for interstate ships arriving at the Port of Devonport, 1924–58 P1202
Registers of ships arriving at the Port of Devonport, 1927–50 P1240
Registers of ships arriving at the Port of Launceston, 1866–1910 P588
Registers of ships leaving the Port of Launceston ('ships clearances'), 1930–61 P1075
National Archives, Sydney
Incoming passenger cards, 1948–68 P1185

Processing immigrants

Files of considerable variety, quantity and richness are potentially available to pursue for Tasmanian immigrants, depending on whether they were assisted immigrants, refugees, British or non-British. Relevant series noted below were compiled primarily by the Tasmanian Branch of the Department of Immigration, but also its predecessor and successor agencies. As for the detail available, files of registration papers for non-British migrants 1939–66 (P1184), provide surnames, arranged alphabetically within nationality groupings, then for each migrant nationality, marital status, distinguishing features, date of birth, passport number and details, and photographs. Alphabetical registration cards for non-British migrants and visitors 1948–71 (P1183) provide information on nationality, date and place of birth, sex, marital status, occupation, height, hair and eye colour, names of father and mother, intended Australian address and signature, as well as some photographs.

Migrant selection documents and case files for Tasmanian immigrants
National Archives, Hobart
Personal case files, with T [Tasmania] prefix, 1906– P3
British selection documents, 1959–71 P8
Nominal index cards for personal case files, with T [Tasmania prefix], 1948– P13
National Archives, Sydney
Personal case files for non-British migrants who are deceased, 1941–71 P1182
Registration cards for non-British migrants/visitors, 1948–71 P1183
Nominal index cards for personal case files, with T [Tasmania] prefix, 1939–c.1966 P1184

Travellers (passport, visa, re-entry)

Might the person you are researching have applied to leave and re-enter Australia, or to visit Australia? Entry and exit documentation, such as passports and visas, was one of the important responsibilities of the new Commonwealth Government, with state arrangements applying until legislation was passed (Emigration Act 1910 and Passports Act 1920).

Again, coverage of surviving documentation is not comprehensive, but may reward your patience. Name index cards for ordinary passports issued from 1948 (P1334) show name, file number and date. However, no related passport application files before 1958 exist.

If your subject of interest was once called a 'foreign national' residing in Australia (for example, someone of Chinese origin) and wanted to leave and return to Australia, a whole separate set of rules and records applied involving Certificates of Exemption and Certificates of Exemption from the Dictation Test. From the Collector of Customs, Hobart and Department of Immigration, Tasmanian Branch, for example, there are immigration permit butts issued to foreign nationals at Launceston and Burnie outposts 1908–18 (P526) and restricted immigration forms 1901–23 (P527). These record the name and nationality of the person, number of the certificate and date of issue. Later records, long after the dictation test was abolished, include a register of applications for resident status 1965–71 (P1947), a folder containing forms showing each applicant's name, date and place of birth, nationality, address, employment, details of spouse and parents, document type and date.

Selected series relating to Tasmanian requests to leave and re-enter Australia
National Archives, Hobart
Immigration permit butts issued to foreign nationals at Launceston and Burnie outports, 1908–18 P526
Restricted immigrant forms (forms issued to immigrants prohibited from entering Tasmania), 1909–23 P527
Register of applications for resident status, 1965–92 P1947
National Archives, Sydney
Name index for ordinary passports issued (index cards), 1948–73 P1334

Citizens

The process of seeking and being granted membership of a society is almost as basic as registering a birth, death or marriage (and of course they are often connected). Being able to prove one's citizenship is also vital in terms of rights and entitlements. While citizenship automatically accrues to those who were 'native born', that is born in a particular country (and can prove it), those who were born elsewhere very often seek naturalisation. All such processes generate records, no less so in Tasmania. Here, the year 1904 is critical. Each state had exercised the power of naturalisation, that is admitting aliens to the position and rights of citizenship, until 1904, when via the Naturalization Act 1903 the Commonwealth implemented its exclusive power to decide who was, or would be allowed to become, an Australian citizen. Sometimes citizenship was applied retrospectively, as was the case for certain Tasmanian Chinese naturalisations between 1883 and 1903.

Selected series relating to naturalisation and citizenship in Tasmania
National Archives, Canberra
Cancelled certificates of naturalisation, Tasmania, 1883–1903 A804
National Archives, Hobart
Numerical register of certificates of naturalisation, 1951–88 P1948

Land owners and lessees

The Commonwealth owned and controlled vast areas of land – Crown land – and inevitably records of transactions connected with its acquisition and management, such as leases, licences, permits and valuations, can be invaluable to family historians.

Most relevant documentation was generated in Tasmania, except for subject index cards to Tasmanian lands compiled by the Lands and Survey Branch within the Central Office of the Department of Home Affairs. From Tasmania, extant records include, for example, files for Commonwealth acquisition and leasing of Tasmanian land. Lease documents relating to agreements entered into by the Commonwealth Government for Tasmanian properties cover matters such as rights of way, drainage easements, accommodation of premises, rifle ranges and licences to graze cattle. Copies of Executive Council minutes relating to property in Tasmania record recommendations either to acquire or dispose of property. Each minute has an attached drawing detailing the property in question with, in some instances, a copy of the title certificate.

Such records, inevitably requiring names to be stated, are obvious. In addition, the National Archives has valuation field books from the Deputy Commissioner of Taxation arranged in alphabetical order by county, and containing valuations and reports of properties along with some information about individual owners. Something of a one-off, there is also a series of collectors' field books, plus land settlement, agricultural and pastoral statistics relating to Table Cape Municipality. The books contain details for each holding visited, name and address of the occupier, land tenure, area occupied, livestock and hands employed. Equally unexpected is a schedule which gives details of all the holdings involved in the parcel of land at Dowsing's Point, Hobart, acquired by the Commonwealth in 1939. The schedule, with a map and copy of the Gazette notice in the front, is indexed alphabetically by the landholder's name, and entries give the landholder's name and any special conditions of ownership, details of the holding, area of holding, claim, valuation, offer and settlement.

Selected series relating to Commonwealth land transactions in Tasmania
National Archives, Hobart
Acquisition of land files, 1901–82 P121
Acquisition of land files, 1901–97 P123
Lease documents, 1838–1955 P1925
Executive Council minutes relating to property matters in Tasmania, 1942–59 P1927
Valuation field books, 1923–64 P2134
National Archives, Sydney
Lease documents, single number series with alphabetical prefix, 1956– P1924
Collectors' field books, land settlement and agricultural and pastoral statistics, chronological series, 1914–22 P2549
National Archives, Canberra
Schedule – Hobart (Dowsing's Point) Tasmania, 1939–50 A4857
Subject index cards, Tasmanian Lands, 1911–50 A2141

Electors

A parliamentary democracy means elections, and thus electoral rolls: as a minimum, long lists of names and addresses specific to a particular area. The National Archives holds the correspondence files created and maintained by the Commonwealth Electoral Office, Tasmania on the compilation of the rolls for Tasmania's federal electorates, and many other administrative and housekeeping matters, from the creation of the agency in 1903 up until the 1950s.

Selected series relating to federal electorates in Tasmania
National Archives, Sydney
Correspondence files, 1902–62 P2261
Electoral maps for Tasmania, 1901– P2254
Official rolls of electors, Division of Bass, 1906– P736
Official electoral rolls, Division of Braddon, 1955– P172
Official rolls of electors, Division of Denison, 1955– P676
Official rolls of electors, Division of Franklin, 1953– P677
Official rolls of electors, Division of Wilmot, 1903–84 P737
Divisional electoral rolls, Division of Bass, 1906– P969
Divisional electoral rolls, Division of Braddon, 1906– P173
Divisional electoral rolls, Division of Denison, 1955– P1437
Printed electoral rolls for the Division of Franklin, 1953– P1104
Divisional electoral rolls, Division of Lyons, 1903–, 1965– P968

Intellectual property owners

With Federation, registration of intellectual property was one of many colonial functions passed to the Commonwealth, becoming a reality in 1905. Its agencies acquired files from Tasmania's Colonial Secretary's Office and the General Register Office via agencies such as the Collector of Customs and Patents, Trade Marks and Designs Sub-Office, Tasmania. The National Archives now holds records which are of undoubted importance to understanding the inventive, artistic and unusual aspects of particular individual Tasmanians.

Selected series relating to registration of Tasmanian designs, trademarks, works and inventions
National Archives, Canberra
Register of Tasmanian patents, 1858–1911 A1095
Register of proprietors to Tasmanian letters patent, 1859–94 A1097
Name index to applicants for Tasmanian letters patent, 1858–1904 A1096
Subject index to Tasmanian applications for letters patent, 1858–1904 A1100
Specifications of inventions for Tasmanian letters patent, 1858–1904 A1565
Register of Tasmanian trade marks, 1869–1906 A1098
Classification index to Tasmanian trade marks, 1869–1906 A1099
Alphabetical index to proprietors of Tasmanian trade marks, 1869–1906 A1101
Duplicate register of Tasmanian trade marks, 1869–1906 A1321
Classified representations of designs, 1913–18 A1792

Bankrupts

Might the person you are researching have found themselves in serious financial straits? Arising from the creation of the Registrar in Bankruptcy, Tasmania District (CA 928), the National Archives has in custody a range of series associated with entities and individuals being declared bankrupt. They include bankrupt estate and sequestration files, trustees' registration and appointment case files, indexes of bankrupts, minutes of proceedings before the Commonwealth Bankruptcy Court of Tasmania, bonds between the Registrar of Bankruptcy and insurance companies for trustees of bankrupt estates, and declarations under the Bankruptcy Act 1966 of inability to pay debts. Records include a registrar's trust account register, a register of applications for order of discharge granted to trustees and old estates, and a register of bankruptcy notices.

Selected series relating to bankrupts in Tasmania
National Archives, Sydney
Bankrupt estate files, 1954– P54
Sequestration files, 1928– P87
Trustees registration and appointment case files, 1928–29 P2469
Indices of bankrupts, 1928–56 P1532
Registrar's trust account register, 1929–82 P2438
Register of 'Record of application for order of discharge granted', 1943–56 P2432
Register of trustees and old estates, 1935–68 P2434
Register of bankruptcy notices, 1929–96 P2437
National Archives, Hobart
Minutes of proceedings before the Commonwealth Bankruptcy Court in Tasmania, 1929–59 P1925
Bonds between Registrar of Bankruptcy and insurance companies for trustees of bankrupt estates, 1928–29 P2491
Declarations under the Bankruptcy Act of inability to pay debts, 1928–41 P2499

Aviation personnel

Those who believe their person of interest was associated with aviation should consider the flight and ground crew records produced by the Victorian/Tasmanian Regional Office of the Department of Civil Aviation (CA 2525, 1950–73) and its successors. They include flight crew history and licence files of Victorian and Tasmanian personnel from 1949 (B826).

Selected series relating to Tasmanian aviation personnel
National Archives, Sydney
Flight crew history files, 1930– B826

Maritime personnel

Separate from records like passenger lists, shipping by its very nature generates extensive documentation, including information of great interest to family history. The National Archives has summarised relevant resources in Fact sheet 37 – Maritime records held in Hobart.

Many series, such as those documenting shipping registration and movement, identify individuals in particular roles. Others are more naturally name rich, such as owners, importers, deserters and crew.

A further category of series, while not specifically incorporating sets of names, provides context to names caught in the documentation of particular events or actions, such as wrecks.

Selected series relating to Tasmanian maritime personnel and events
National Archives, Hobart
Passenger lists and crew lists (inward) – Port of Hobart, 1903–51 P2005
Passenger lists and crew lists (outward) – Port of Hobart, 1903–51 P2004
Certificates of discharges – (butt copy), 1922–82 P780
Register of release terminations of service – merchant seamen, alphabetical series, 1922–72 P1195
Register of substitutes replacement seamen for ships sailing in Tasmanian waters, alphabetical series, 1924–74 P1199
Roll of ship owners and roll of importers, Port of Launceston, alphabetical series, 1901 P2032
Register of [seamen] deserters, single volume, 1924–84 P2562
Deserters' register, 1964–79 P1960
Register of wrecks and disasters within the jurisdiction of the Port of Launceston, chronological series, 1895–1976 P552
Register of casualties mishaps affecting ships in Tasmanian waters, single number series, 1923–29 P1198
Register of shipping wrecks and disasters, state of Tasmania, chronological series, 1894–1925 P2339

Tradesmen, ships' engineers and second mates

Easily overlooked in genealogical research is that to pursue a 'trade or calling' can itself generate records of certification and competency. For a number of trades in Tasmania, this kind of checking was done by the local Department of Labour and National Service, Branch Office/Regional Administration (CA 1581, 1946–72). The National Archives holds files, in alphabetical sequence by year, for applications for registration under the Tradesmen's Rights Regulations Act 1946 which were granted in 1946–74 or refused. There are also alphabetical index cards, dated 1946–87, to application files under this Act for local trades such as boilermakers, electricians, engineers and blacksmiths.

The Collector of Customs, Hobart policed occupational standards for merchant shipping. The National Archives has Certificates of Competency 1880–1925 (P2099) issued under the Merchant Ships Officers Examination Act 1874 to masters of foreign-going and home-trading ships, engineers, and first and second mates. The certificates are arranged in alphabetical order within annual groupings. There are also two extant registers of these certificates, 1874–1923, in which are recorded certificate number, date issued, name, grade, address and fee paid. The rear section of the register contains butt copies of the certificates issued.

Selected series relating to certification for trades and professions
National Archives, Hobart
Registers of certificates of competency, 1874–1923 P2100
Index cards to local trades files (blacksmiths), 1947–87 P345
National Archives, Sydney
Certificates of competency, 1890–1925 P2099
Index cards to local trade files (boilermakers), 1947–87 P341
Index cards to local trades files (electrical), 1947–87 P342
Index cards to local trades files (engineering), 1947–87 P343
Local trades files (refused applications), 1946–74 P347
Local trades files (granted applications), 1952–74 P348

Internees, enemy aliens and prisoners of wars (World War I and II)

Tasmania was well away from the main source of camps for internees and prisoners of war, but some potentially valuable documentation exists. Again, for those with a forebear falling into such categories, the documentary gain can be considerable even if, as with the treatment of Gustav Weindorfer, the rejoicing is bitter-sweet. In the case of World War II Italian prisoners of war in Tasmania, the ironies are largely happy ones.

Selected items relating to people interned in Tasmania during World War I
National Archives, Canberra
Military Commandant Tasmania – list of enemy aliens naturalised in Tasmania since the outbreak of war, 1919 A1, 1919/414
Gustav Weindorfer – naturalisation, 1905 A1, 1905/5594
National Archives, Hobart
Weindorfer, Gustav [district register W3/29/70], 1914–18 A406, WEINDORFER
6 Military District – record of prisoners of war, 1914–16
This includes name, age, address, nationality, place of origin, date of internment, previous military rank and a physical description of persons held at Claremont (Hobart) and the Quarantine Station, Bruny Island.
A405
Selected items relating to people interned in Tasmania during World War II
National Archives, Adelaide
Tasmania – nominal roll of disposition of internees immediately on release from Loveday internment camps, 1943 D1920, 2
National Archives, Hobart
Internment of enemy aliens Tasmania, 1941–45 A376, T216
Aliens control prohibited possessions – lists Austrian, German and Italian nationals registered in Tasmania as enemy aliens, 1939–45 A376, T212
National Archives, Canberra
Tambone, Pasquale (Army) PWI 58949 – Born: 7 August 1917, Cerignola (Foggia) – Captured: 3 January 1941, Bardia Libya – Previously interned: 20 February 1941, Ramgarh, India – Arrived Australia: Not known – Interned: Brighton Internment Camp Tasmania – Departed: Otranto, 10 January 1947, for Naples Italy, 1944–47 A7919, 99092
National Archives, Perth
Civil Alien Corps – aliens transferred to Butlers Gorge, Tasmania [includes lists of names], 1943–45 K1192, 35

Members/officials of an organisation of interest to security agencies

If your person of interest was a member – or better still, an official – of an organisation suspected of being a potential risk to national security, then series recorded by several Commonwealth monitoring agencies may be worth checking. The best known agency is ASIO, the Commonwealth agency responsible for collecting and evaluating security intelligence (that is, intelligence relevant to Australia's domestic security). Established in 1949, it inherited files from various predecessors, such as the Commonwealth Investigation Service and the wartime Security Service.

Most ASIO records held by the National Archives relate to the investigation and surveillance of individuals, groups and organisations. Most of the records held are files, but film, photographic material and sound recordings are also held. The National Archives does not hold all ASIO files on individuals, organisations and literary groups; only those which have been made available following applications for access under the Archives Act 1983. All ASIO records are photocopied before they are released for public access. The copies are made available once any sensitive information has been exempted from release under the Archives Act.

The Archives has several fact sheets outlining the steps to be taken when seeking ASIO material, and in pursuing additions to files if you think the information seems incomplete, incorrect, out of date or misleading. These are Fact sheet 52 – Exempt information in ASIO records, Fact sheet 53 – Personal information in ASIO records, and Fact sheet 69 – ASIO files on writers and literary groups.

Apart from the Communist Party of Australia, there is an interesting list of other Tasmanian organisations, trade unions, communities and campaigns which ASIO kept an eye on, as the selection opposite indicates.

Selected items relating to Tasmanian organisations and communities monitored by ASIO in tasmania
National Archives, Canberra
The People's Bookshop (Hobart Tasmania) Part 1, 1953 A6122, 1351
Yugoslav community in Tasmania, 1941–71 A6122, 178
Croatian Club – Tasmania, 1954–55 A6122, 307
Waterside Workers' Federation – Tasmania – Volume 1, 1948–54 A6122, 321
Building Workers' Industrial Union – Tasmania, 1948–54 A6122, 324
Federated Ironworkers' Association – Tasmania, 1948–54 A6122, 336
Australian Building and Construction Employees' and Builders Labourers' Federation – Tasmania, 1948–50 A6122, 345
Australian Book Society, Tasmania, 1952-61 A6122, 1239
Australian Waterside Workers' Federation (Tasmania) – Volume 1, 1954–57 A6122, 1387
Australian Waterside Workers' Federation (Tasmania) – Volume 2, 1957–59 A6122, 1388
Australian Waterside Workers' Federation (Tasmania) – Volume 3, 1958–61 A6122, 1389
Australian Waterside Workers' Federation (Tasmania) – Volume 4, 1961–62 A6122, 1390
Associations individual – Vietnam Peace Campaign – Tasmania, 1965–66 A6122, 1677
Employee organisations – Australian Federated Miscellaneous Workers' Union – Tasmania, 1957–65 A6122, 1691
Vietnam moratorium campaign, Tasmania, Volume 1, 1971-72 A6122, 2304
Vietnam moratorium campaign, Tasmania 1973, Volume 1, 1973 A6122, 2305
Tasmanian association for international cooperation and disarmament (aka peace committee for international cooperation and disarmament), Volume 1, 1964–75 A6122, 2306
Vietnam moratorium campaign, Tasmania, Volume 1, 1970 A6122, 2307
Vietnam moratorium campaign, Tasmania, Volume 2, 1970 A6122, 2308
Tasmanian Vietnam moratorium campaign, September 1970, Whip 16 Volume 2, 1970–71 A6122, 2331
Tasmanian Vietnam moratorium campaign, September 1970 Whip 16 Volume 1, 1970 A6122, 2332
Tasmanian Vietnam moratorium campaign, 30 April 1971, Whip 23 Volume 1, 1970–71 A6122, 2343
Campaign against nuclear power, Tasmania, 1975–76 A6122, 2365

Members/officials of the Communist Party of Australia

If your person of interest was a member or an official of the Communist Party of Australia (CPA), then series recorded by several Commonwealth monitoring agencies may be worth checking. The CPA had a Tasmanian State Committee in Hobart and branches in the north. It was monitored by ASIO from 1949 which generated a large amount of paper and audiovisual documentation, as well as inheriting files from various predecessors such as the Commonwealth Investigation Service. A number of CPA officials were the subject of individual dossiers, which are discussed here.

A number of the files listed here are yet to be checked for public viewing, while some which have already been vetted can only be viewed as copies. This is because, hardly surprisingly, some information in the originals, such as the names of ASIO operatives and informants, has been withheld. Writer Mark Aarons cites a former ASIO deputy director-general as stating that, by the 1960s, there was at least one officer in every CPA branch. More detail about access is provided in Fact sheet 52 – Exempt information in ASIO records.

Selected items relating to ASIO and CPA in Tasmania
National Archives, Canberra
Communist Party of Australia – participation in state elections – Tasmania, 1955–56 A6122, 387
Communist Party of Australia – industrial policy and organisation – Tasmania, 1950–52 A6122, 351
Communist Party of Australia – activity and interest in Italian community – Tasmania, 1953 A6122, 381
Communist Party of Australia – participation in federal election 1954 – Tasmania, 1954 A6122, 527
Communist Party of Australia in federal elections 1956 – Tasmania, 1955 A6122, 434
Communist Party of Australia – participation in Senate elections – Tasmania, 1953 A6122, 428
Communist Party of Australia – participation in federal elections – Tasmania, 1949–51 A6122, 425
Communist Party of Australia – Trade Union Committee – Tasmania, 1949 A6122, 558
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania State Committee Volume 1, 1952–55 A6122, 547
Communist Party of Australia – State Committee Tasmania – Volume 2, 1949 A6122, 548
Communist Party of Australia – recruitment and membership, Tasmania, 1954 A6122, 523
Communist Party of Australia – plans for operations – Tasmania, 1949–57 A6122, 854
Communist Party of Australia – Central Branch – Hobart, 1949–57 A6122, 855
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania Launceston Branch, 1949–54 A6122, 872
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania – Beauty Point Branch, 1949–56 A6122, 874
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania – finance, 1949–56 A6122, 895
Communist Party of Australia (Tasmania) – aggregate meetings, 1949–56 A6122, 908
Communist Party of Australia – publications – Tasmania, 1953–54 A6122, 993
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania, illegal apparatus – 1949–56 A6122, 1028
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania, schools – 1949–56 A6122, 1035
Communist Party of Australia – conferences, Tasmania – Volume 1, 1951–59 A6122, 932
Communist Party of Australia – conferences, Tasmania – Volume 2, 1961–70 A6122, 2060
Communist Party of Australia – conferences, Tasmania – Volume 3, 1969–70 A6122, 2061
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania – illegal apparatus, 1949–56 A6122, 1094
Communist Party of Australia – list of premises searched, Tasmania, 1950 A6122, 1130
Communist publication Tasmania – People's Voice, 1953–55 A6122, 1042
Communist Party of Australia – organisation, status – Tasmania, 1949–57 A6122, 1155
Communist Party of Australia – Hobart News, 1949–57 A6122, 1171
Communist Party of Australia – recruitment and membership, Tasmania, 1954 A6122, 523
Communist Party of Australia – Trade Union Committee – Tasmania, 1949 A6122, 558
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania Launceston Rail Branch, 1949 A6122, 623
Communist Party of Australia – Tasmania, illegal apparatus, printing presses, location and equipment, 1953–54 A6122, 1052
Communist Party of Australia – illegal apparatus – Tasmania – hideouts and safe houses, 1950–54 A6122, 2462
Tasmania – public meetings, 1949–56 A6122, 873

Persons of interest

Was your person of interest also of interest to ASIO, Tasmania (CA 1560, 1949–87) or a similar agency, such as the Commonwealth Investigation Service, Tasmania (CA 915, 1947–60)? Some estimates put the number of files which the best known of Australia's security agencies created at half a million. There is no definitive total of how many files are about Tasmanians. ASIO's files about people are indexed by name and date of birth – the address of the subject of the file and location of the office creating the file are not included with the metadata. In other words, you have to ask about a specific Tasmanian by name, building the list one by one. If you are in luck, the results could be fascinating and rewarding, though probably no-one will match Mark Aarons' bounty – more than 200 files accumulated over five decades on four generations of his family, who had all been members of the CPA. Remember there may be photographs and film footage too. For completeness, one or two of the ASIO files on Tasmanians known to be available and listed below, repeat details noted elsewhere in this guide.

Selected Commonwealth investigation service and ASIO files relating to security monitoring of Tasmanians
National Archives, Canberra
Altman, Dennis Patkin, 1961–73 A6119, 3692
Altman, Dennis Patrick, 1971–72 A9626, 222
Mansell, Michael – Volume 1, 1982–83 A6119, 5505
Alcorso, Claudio, 1948–55 A6119, 173
Cundall, Peter Joseph, Volume 1, 1960–67 A6119, 4245
Cundall, Peter Joseph, Volume 2, 1966–69 A6119, 4246
Cundall, Peter Joseph, Volume 3, 1969–76 A6119, 4247
Bacon, James Alexander, Volume 1, 1954–70 A6119, 3843
Bacon, James Alexander, Volume 1, 1954–70 A6119, 5171
Bacon, James Alexander, Volume 7, 1980–81
See also six further volumes, ending with Bacon, James Alexander, Volume 7, 1980–81
A6119, 3583
Koch, Christopher John Birnie, Volume 1, 1955–68 A6119, 1982
Koch, Christopher John Birnie, Volume 1, 1955–68 A6119, 4732
Bound, Max Alan, Volume 1, 1950–55 A6119, 84
Bound, Max Alan, Volume 1, 1950–55 A6119, 3030
National Archives, Hobart
Wicke, Frank Hans – Nazi/Japanese subversion – Jehovah's Witnesses, 1940–84 P1436, T1940/477
Gangemi, Domenico, Italian national, 1941 P1436, T1940/133
Ford, Henry Keith, 1959–72 P1436, T1959/10131
Barratt, Kathleen Alice, 1959–60 P1436, T1960/9579

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Chapter 7
Finding Tasmanians