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Research Guides


Safe Haven: Records of the Jewish Experience in Australia


All notes

Chapter 1


1 J.S. Levi & G.F.J. Bergman, Australian Genesis, Sydney 1974, p.10.

2 Charles Price, Jewish Settlers in Australia, Canberra 1964, p.8.

3 Suzanne D. Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, 2nd edition, Sydney 1997, p.xii; Hilary L. Rubinstein, "From Jewish non-distinctiveness to group invisibility ...", in Jews in the Sixth Continent, ed. W.D. Rubinstein, Sydney 1987, p.22.

4 Jewish Herald, 21 March 1919

5 W.D. Rubinstein, "Jewish Contribution to Australian Elites", in The Australian People, ed. James Jupp, Sydney 1988, p.645.

6 Suzanne D. Rutland, "Early Jewish Settlement, 1788-1880", in The Australian People, p.638.

7 Barbara Falk, No Other Home, Melb 1988, p.5.

8 Price, Appendices I & VI

9 J.S. Levi, "200 Years: a Jewish Perspective", in Australia & New Zealand Jewish Yearbook 1988, ed. J. Langley, Melb 1987, p.9. I

10 Hilary L. Rubinstein, Chosen: the Jews in Australia, Sydney 1987, p.161; Howard M. Sachar, Diaspora, New York 1985, p.172; Humphrey McQueen, A New Britannia, Ringwood (Vic) 1970, p.36.

11 Hilary L. Rubinstein, Chosen, p.148.

12 Suzanne D. Rutland, "A changing community - the impact of the refugees on Australian Jewry", Australian Journal of Politics and History 31(1), 1985, p.90.

13 W.D. Rubinstein, The Jews of Australia: an Introduction, Melb 1987, p.3.

14 For an examination of Jewish numbers, see Sol Encel, "The Australian Jewish population: How many are we?", in Guide to Jewish Life in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific, Melb 1993, p.4-5.

15 W.D. Rubinstein, Judaism in Australia, Canberra 1995, p.7.

16 Evan M. Zuesse, "From Assimilation to Affirtmation: the Jews in Australia", in Religion and Multiculturalism in Australia, ed. Norman C. Habel, Adelaide 1992, p.191.

17 Bulletin, 8 May 1891. Quoted by Michael Blakeney, Australia and the Jewish Refugees 1933-1948, Sydney 1985, p.18.

Chapter 2


18 Hilary L. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History, Vol 1: 1788-1945, Melb 1991, p.145-6.

19 Blakeney, p.29.

20 Hilary L. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History, p.145-6; National Archives of Australia (ACT): A446/189, 72/77857, Admission of Jews of Middle Eastern origin (1949-74); National Archives of Australia (ACT): A1066/4, M45/17/4, Palestine - Entry of Jews into Australia (1945-46); National Archives of Australia (WA): PP6, 46/H/1067, Iraqi Jews - Applications for permanent residence in Australia.

21 National Archives of Australia (ACT): A434, 49/3/3196, Admission of Jews to Australia.

22 Anne Andgel, Fifty Years of Caring, Sydney 1986, p.11.

23 Hilary L. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History, p.146-7; Blakeney, p.39

24 Peter Y. Medding, From Assimilation to Group Survival, Melb 1968, p.150.

25 National Archives of Australia (ACT): A434, 50/3/41382.

26 Paul R. Bartrop, "The Australian Government's 'Liberalisation' of Refugee Immigration Policy in 1938: Fact or Myth?", Menorah 2(1), 1988, p.p.70.

27 National Archives of Australia (ACT): A433, 43/2/46; A461, M349/3/5 Part 2.

28 Bartrop, p.76.

29 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p.174-183; Hilary L. Rubinstein, Chosen, p.171.

30 Glen Palmer, Reluctant Refuge, Sydney 1997, p.199.

31 ibid., p.28-40.

32 Konrad Kwiet, "Responses of Australian Jewry's leadership to the Holocaust", in Jews in the Sixth Continent, p.213.

33 National Archives of Australia (VIC): B741/3, V/4901 [Press-cutting re proposed Jewish settlement].

34 National Archives of Australia (ACT): A1, 38/21559 Premier SA re Proposal for Jewish settlement in Australia.

35 National Archives of Australia (ACT): A1, 38/3468 Jewish proposed settlement in Northern Territory (1933-1939)

36 National Archives of Australia (ACT): A518, Q118/2 New Guinea - settlement of Jews (1938-39); National Archives of Australia (ACT): A659, 39/1/2494 Irvine, P.F. - Development of Port Stephens - Settlement of Jews; National Archives of Australia (ACT): A1, 38/3468 Proposed Jewish Settlement in Northern Territory

37 National Archives of Australia (ACT): A518, Q118/2 New Guinea - settlement of Jews (1938-39); National Archives of Australia (ACT): A659, 39/1/2494 Irvine, P.F. - Development of Port Stephens - Settlement of Jews; National Archives of Australia (ACT): A1, 38/3468 Proposed Jewish Settlement in Northern Territory

38 Hilary L. Rubinstein, "Critchley Parker (1911-42): Australian Martyr for Jewish Refugees", AJHSJ 11(1), 1990. p.56-68.

39 Medding, p.153-7; Blakeney, p.292.

40 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p.225, 229-36.

40 Medding, p.157.

42 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p.234-56; Bartrop, p.76; Suzanne D. Rutland, "'Are you Jewish?: Post-war Jewish Immigration to Australia 1945-1954", Australian Journal of Jewish Studies 5(2), 1991, p.35-58; W.D. Rubinstein, "Australia and the Refugee Jews of Europe, 1933-1954: a Dissenting View", AJHSJ 106), 1989, p.500-23; Richard Broome, "The Case of Arthur Calwell and the Displaced Persons", in The Australian Jewish Experience, Melb 1998, p.19-22.

43 Converted to A6006, 51/12/31

44 W.D. Rubinstein, The Jews of Australia: an Introduction, p.4.

45 Hilary L. & W.D. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History from 1788 to the Present, 2 vols, Melb 1991, Vol 1, p.471-528; Vol 2, p.379-500

46 Finding Families: The Guide to the National Archives of Australia for Genealogists, comp. Margaret Chambers, Canberrra 1998, p.126.

Chapter 5


47 A listing of identified Jews, extracted from the W.A. forms by Beverley Davis, is available as "Alien Registrations in Western Australia during World War One", AJHSJ 14(3), 1998.

48 Paul R. Bartrop, "The Dunera affair: a Scandal for Whom?", AJHSJ 11(1), 1990, p.14-19; Cyril Pearl, The Dunera Scandal, Syd 1983; Benzion Patkin, The Dunera Internees, Syd 1979.

49 Paul R. Bartrop & Gabrielle Eisen (eds), The Dunera Affair: a Documentary Resource Book, Melb 1990.

50 David Rechter, "Beyond the Pale: Jewish Communism in Melbourne", unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Melbourne 1986, p.5.

51 W.D. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History, Vol 2: From 1945 to the Present, p. 11.

Chapter 6


52 Australian Jewish Herald, 24 Dec 1931.

53 W.D. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia; a Thematic History, p.13-5.

54 Rechter, p.152.

55 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p.134-5.

56 Hilary L. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History, Vol 1, p.400.

57 L.M. Goldman, The Jews in Victoria in the 19th Century, Melb 1954, p.405-6.

58 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p.133-9; Hilary L. Rubinstein, Chosen, p.153-9; Hilary L. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History, Vol 1, p.400-6; Harold Boas & A.W. Hyman, "The Australian Jew in the Great War", AJHSJ 1(4), 1940, p.97-105; David Mossenson, Hebrew, Israelite, Jew, Perth 1990, p.88-9.

6 Australian Jewry's Book of Honour World War II, ed. Gerald Pynt, Netley (SA), NAJEX 1973, passim; Hilary L. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History, Vol 1, p.400-6.

60 Raymond Apple, "The Jewish Military Chaplaincy in Australia", in A Portion of Praise: a Festschrift to Honour John S. Levi, ed. Howard Freeman, Melb 1997, p.238.

61 Raymond Apple, "Francis Lyon Cohen: the Passionate Patriot", AJHSJ 12(4), 1995, p.696-7.

62 Apple, "The Jewish Military Chaplaincy", p.239-243.

63 W.D. Rubinstein, "Jewish Contribution to Australian Elites", p.646-7.

64 Hilary & W.D. Rubinstein, The Jews in Australia: a Thematic History, Vol 1: p. 359-570, Vol 2: p.295-378. I note here that work is currently progressing on a comprehensive biographical dictionary of prominent Australian Jews. Originally an initiative of Deakin University, the project is being completed by the A.J.H.S. Victoria for the centenary of Federation.

65 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p.86-9.

66 Hilary L. Rubinstein, Chosen, p.201-4; Kwiet, p.207.

Chapter 7


67 Rubinstein, ibid., p.204-7

68 Kwiet, p.202-4.

69 ibid.; Paul Bartrop, Australia and the Holocaust 1933-45, Melb 1994, p.xii-xiii, xv

70 Bartrop, ibid., p.xii, 246-8; Blakeney, p.281-2, 287-8

71 Bartrop, ibid., p.246.

72 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p.311.

73 ibid., p.311-2.

74 Rodney Gouttman, "First Principles: H.V. Evatt and the Jewish homeland", in Jews in the Sixth Continent, p.265-6; Rutland, ibid., p.313-6.

75 Rutland, ibid., p.313-6.; Gouttman, ibid., p.262.

Chapter 8


76 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, pp. 86–9.

77 Hilary L Rubinstein, Chosen, pp. 201–4; Kwiet p. 207.

78 Rubinstein, Chosen, p.204–7.

79 Kwiet, pp. 202–4.

80 Kwiet, pp. 202–4; Paul Bartrop, Australia and the Holocaust 1933–45, Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne, 1994, p.xii–x111, xv.

81 Bartrop, Australia and the Holocaust, p. xii, pp. 246–8; Blakeney, pp. .281–2, 287–8.

82 Bartrop, Australia and the Holocaust, p. 246.

83 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p. 311.

84 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p. 311–2.

85 Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, p. 311–2.

86 Rodney Gouttman, 'First principles: H.V. Evatt and the Jewish homeland', in Jews in the Sixth Continent, p.265–6; Rutland, Edge of the Diaspora, pp. .313–6.

87
Rutland, Edge of the diaspora, pp. 313–6.; Gouttman, 'First principles,' p. 262.

Appendix 2


88 Geoffrey Blainey, 'Some thoughts on 200 years: the Jews in Australia', in The Australian Jewish Experience, p.15.

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