5 Ross, W H, Stormy Petrel: The Life Story of HMAS Sydney, Paterson's Printing Press, Western Australia, 1943; and Taylor, J, Prisoner of the Kormoran: WA Jones' Amazing Experiences on the German Raider, Kormoran and as a Prisoner of War in Germany, Australasian Publishing Company, 1944.
20 Westhoven's account appears in NAA: B6121, 165P, Sydney–Kormoran action signals etc.
23 Naval Historical Section: B6227, Combined Operational Intelligence Centre – Daily summary of operational intelligence, and NAA: B6121, 775W/1, Weekly summaries of operational intelligence.
24 AWM: AWM69, 228, Official History, 1939–1945 War, series 2 (Navy), vol. 1, chapter12 [Typescript marked 'Master Copy' and some correspondence].
26 NAA: K997, 1/15/2, HMAS Sydney/Kormoran action, November 1941.
29 Frame, T, op. cit., pp. 94–95. Although Frame quotes from the report, he fails to provide a citation. Despite a detailed search of the files referred to in his surrounding citations, the Archives has failed to locate the report. The files searched are NAA: B6121, 164K, B6121, 164L, B6121, 164M, B6121, 164N and MP1185/8, 2026/19/6. All these items are described later in this guide. The only possibly relevant record located was the first page of a document headed 'Report by Commander Deschaineux [sic]', which begins 'The following is a summary of the evidence collected from various sources'. Page 2 and any subsequent pages are missing (see B6121, 164M, above). What appears to be a complete copy of this document is in NAA: K997, 1/15/2 (see footnote 31). A 'dossier of further information obtained between 20th December 1941 and 16th January 1942' appears on NAA: B6121, 164M. Given the date of 16 January, this may have been an attachment to, or source of material for, Dechaineux's report.
31 NAA: K997, 1/15/2, HMAS Sydney/Kormoran action, November 1941.This file also contains a three-page 'summary of the evidence collected from various sources' prepared by Commander Dechaineux on 30 November.
34 NAA: B6121, 775W/1, Combined Operational Intelligence Centre – Weekly Summaries of Operational Intelligence, 1941. 'Q' messages (or more correctly QQQQ messages) were distress signals used by merchant vessels to indicate that they were being attacked by a disguised merchant raider.
1 The Sydney's last monthly war diary, for October 1941, was signed by Captain Burnett on 5 November, the day the Sydney took over escort of the Zealandia in King George Sound. It is held in the Australian War Memorial as AWM78, 329/1.
3 These books, containing such details as engineering specifications, performance trials and repairs and refits, are held for each major RAN vessel by the NAA as series A4141, Her Majesty's Australian Ships' books and supplements, 1911–
1 Briefing papers submitted by the Chief of Naval Staff to the Minister for the Navy on 24 November and to the War Cabinet on 26 November show that for some reason the Naval Board mistakenly believed that the Sydney was due back in Fremantle on 21 November rather than 20 November.
2 Report by DNO, WA to Naval Board, 11 December 1941, in NAA: MP1049/5, 2026/3/457, Track chart of air searches for HMAS Sydney. This item has a sub-item relating to two maps/charts removed from the main item for preservation reasons.
3 NAA: B6121, 165P – Sydney-Kormoran action signals etc
5 Two days later, on 26 November, the Naval Board sent a signal to CZM requesting him to cover in his air searches the possibility of a severely damaged Sydney proceeding at slow speed to Singapore or Sourabaya where the nearest repair docks were located (AWM64, 0/2, RAAF Central War Room operations diary). The evidence for this possibility is unknown, but it may have been based on the same intelligence reported in the Central War Room's weekly summary of 1 December (No. WS/29), suggesting that HMAS Sydney sent out a weak and corrupt Q distress message under extreme difficulties on 19 November (NAA: B6121, 775W/1, Combined Operational Intelligence Centre – weekly summaries of operational intelligence). Had this occurred, it would have been some indication that the Sydney had survived the engagement but had been badly disabled.
8 AWM64, 0/2, RAAF Central War Room Operations Diary, 1941–42. Montgomery claims that this could not have been the Uco because her log book shows her to have been elsewhere at the time, pp. 191–92, but this is disputed by Winter (see p. 235).
9 AWM64, 0/2.
2 NAA: B6121, 775W/1, Combined Operational Intelligence Summary – weekly summaries of operational intelligence; and B6227, DS155, CWR Daily summary of operational intelligence, 3 December 1941 and B6227, DS157, CWR Daily summary of operational intelligence, 5 December 1941.
3 Unless otherwise stated, information and quotations in the introduction to this chapter can be found in AWM124, 4/224, Loss of HMAS Sydney.
4 The relationship of the Navy to the Chief Publicity Censor was that of adviser only. Any requests for prohibition made by the Naval Board had to be submitted, with reasons, to the Chief Publicity Censor through the Department of Information. Gill, op. cit., p. 102.
8 AWM: AWM69, 23/64, Surface raider activity, part 2 (research by Mr Ware).
8 AWM: AWM69, 228, Records of G Hermon Gill – Official History, 1939-1945 War, Series 2 (Navy): Volume 1 – chapter 12 [Typescript marked 'Master Copy' and some correspondence].
11 Naval Historical Section: B6227, Combined Operational Intelligence Centre – daily summary of operational intelligence; that is, summaries DS134 of 31 October; DS141 of 12 November; DS155 of 3 December; and DS157 of 5 December.
13 NAA: MP151/1, 429/201/363, German raider Steiermark.
1 DNO WA report to Naval Board on search operations for HMAS Sydney, 11 December 1941. National Archives of Australia: MP1049/5, 2026/3/457, Track chart of air searches for HMAS Sydney.